Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
23rd October (NS) — 10th October (OS)
10th October O.S.
ALDERICUS (ALDRIC, AUDRI), after receiving monastic tonsure at Ferrières Abbey, St. Aldericus was a priest in the Archdiocese of Sens. He served as Chancellor of the Archdiocese of Sens before being consecrated its Archbishop 828. St. Aldericus reposed 841.
CASSIUS and FLORENTIUS, (Late Third Century), according to tradition SS. Cassius and Florentius were members of the Theban Legion (22nd September) who were beheaded at Bonn for the faith. The Bonn Minster, originally the collegiate church of Saints Cassius and Florentius, is situated at the spot where they are believed to have been martyred. SS. Cassius and Florentius are the patron saints of Bonn.
CERBONIUS of VERONA, venerated as a Bishop of Verona who reposed circa 400, nothing certain is known of his life.
CERBONIUS, a priest from North Africa who, like most of his fellow Christians, fled the Arian Vandals, settling in Populonia Tuscany. Known for his holiness of life, St. Cerbonius was chosen to serve as Bishop of Populonia circa 544. He was exiled to Elba for having hidden Roman soldiers from the invading Ostrogoths. St. Cerbonius spent the rest of his life as a hermit on Elba, reposing 575. He was buried at Populonia, however his relics were later translated to Massa Marittima and enshrined in the Cathedral of Saint Cerbonius.
CLARUS, (Third Century), a missionary to Brittany, who served as the first Bishop of Nantes. According to some traditions, St. Clarus was a disciple of the Apostle Peter (29th June).
FULK, the twenty-first Abbot of the Abbey of St. Wandrille in Fontenelle, Normandy. He reposed 845.
GEREON, (Late Third Century), believed to have been an officer in the Theban Legion (22nd September), and member of the same detachment as SS. Cassius and Florentius (vide supra), martyred in or near Cologne. St. Gereon’s Basilica in Cologne commemorates him.
PATRICIAN, (Fifth Century), a bishop of an unknown See in Scotland. Forced to flee his See by heathen invaders, St. Patrician spent the rest of his life in exile on the Isle of Man. Nothing further is known of his life.
PAULINUS of CAPUA, a pilgrim, most likely British, who, while staying in Capua (near Naples) the residents selected him to become their bishop albeit against his will. Acquiescing, St. Paulinus served that See as a model prelate for eight years, reposing 843.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
PAULINUS of YORK, a native of Rome, St. Paulinus, along with SS. Mellitus (24th April) and Justus (10th November), was sent England by Pope St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September) to reinforce St. Augustine’s (27th May) mission. St. Bede the Venerable (25th May) writes in his Historia ecclesiastica, that when St. Ethelburga of Kent (8th September), married King St. Edwin of Northumbria (12th October), St. Paulinus was consecrated the first Bishop of York, and accompanied St. Ethelburga to her new home. Once in Northumbria, St. Paulinus, with the assistance of St. Ethelburga, converted King St. Edwin and was instrumental in the conversion of Northumbria. Following King St. Edwin’s martyrdom (A.D. 633), St. Ethelburga returned to Kent accompanied by St. Paulinus, who was then made Bishop of Rochester, serving that See until his repose in 644.
TANCA, a maiden from Troyes in north-central Gaul, who was martyred defending her virginity circa 637.
VICTOR and COMPANIONS, (Late Third Century), a group of three hundred and thirty soldiers of the Theban Legion (22nd September) who were martyred at Agaunum (present-day Saint-Maurice, Switzerland). No further information is extant.
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23rd October N.S.
AMO (AMON), nothing is known of St. Amo except for his name and that he was the second Bishop of Toul from circa 375, until his repose circa 400 – 425.
BENEDICT of SEBASTE, traditionally said to have been a Bishop of Sebaste, though the Bollandists, have questioned this, and he is commemorated by the Roman Catholic Church as a saint, but not a bishop. St. Benedict is said to have been forced to flee his See of Sebaste in the Holy Land by Julian the Apostate, and was given refuge in Gaul by St. Hilary of Poitiers (13th January) who gave him land on which to build a hermitage, which later became the Abbey of Saint Benedict of Quincay. St. Benedict reposed circa 654.
CLETHER (CLEER, CLYDOG, SCLEDOG, CLITANUS, CLEODIUS), what we know of St. Clether’s life is mainly based upon pious tradition. It is believed he was a descendant of King St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April), and is said to have been a disciple of St. Brynach (7th April). There are several churches in Cornwall, and the civil parish and village of St. Cleer commemorate him, and the village of Clodock in Herefordshire is named for him. St. Clether is thought to have reposed c.520. The Moscow Patriarchate’s calendar commemorates him on 4th November as St. Clether, hermit of Cornwall.
DOMITIUS, an eighth century priest or deacon in the Diocese of Amiens who lived as a hermit. St. Domitius is also said by some to have been the Spiritual Father of St. Ulphia of Amiens (31st January).
ELFLEDA (ÆLFLEAD), this St. Elfleda was an Anglo-Saxon princess who lived as an anchoress at Glastonbury. She was greatly admired by St. Dunstan (19th May), to whom she prophesied the year and day of her repose, which took place in the mid-tenth century. She is not to be confused with the following St. Elfleda, her contemporary and namesake, who was Abbess of Romsey.
ETHELFLEDA (ELFLEDA), the existence of several St. Elfledas and the paucity of available information, which is muddled at best, makes it difficult to provide accurate information on the life of this saint. From Baring-Gould we learn that this St. Elfleda is believed to have been the daughter of Earl Ethelwold, who died soon after her birth, and after her mother remarried St. Elfleda was neglected. Her father’s close friend, King Edgar, taking pity on her, sent St. Elfleda to Romsey Abbey to be educated. In time St. Elfleda received monastic tonsure, and soon came to be known for the sanctity of her life and feats of asceticism. It is related that once, when St. Elfleda was reading the Lesson at Matins, the wind kept extinguishing her candle, so she held her hand up and light streamed forth, providing the necessary illumination for her. She was also known for chanting Psalms whilst standing naked in the River Test at night. St. Elfleda served as Abbess of Romsey for the last few years of her life, reposing in the late tenth century.
JOHN of SYRACUSE, Bishop of Syracuse in Sicily from A.D. 595 until his repose circa A.D. 609.
LEOTHADIUS (LÉOTHADE), a Frankish noble who received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of Saint-Pierre de Moissac in the Duchy of Aquitaine, later serving as its Abbot. In 691, St. Leothadius was consecrated Bishop of Auch, serving until his repose in 718. St. Leothadius’s relics are enshrined in the crypt of the Cathedral Basilica of Saint Mary of Auch.
ODA, a Frankish princess and widow of the Duke of Aquitaine. Following the repose of her husband, St. Oda dedicated her life and wealth to the care of the poor and suffering. She reposed circa 723, her shrine is in Amay, near Liege in present-day Belgium.
ROMANUS of ROUEN, a courtier to King Chlotar II (r.613 – 629) who was consecrated the twentieth Bishop of Rouen circa 629. During the decade or so of his episcopacy, St. Romanus, worked to eradicate the last vestiges of paganism in his See. Awonderworker, St Romanus also devoted much of his time to caring for prisoners, especially those with capital sentences. St. Romanus reposed in 639.
SERVANDUS and GERMANUS (MARTYRS of CADIZ), brothers martyred during the Diocletianic Persecution in the early fourth century.
SEVERINUS (SEURIN) of BORDEAUX, often confused with his contemporary and native of Bordeaux, St. Severinus of Cologne (vide infra). This St. Severinus, was “from the East” according to St. Gregory of Tours, and served as the fourth Bishop of Bordeaux from circa 405 until his repose in 420. He is remembered for his wonderworking, and fierce opposition to Arianism.
SEVERINUS BOETHIUS, the statesman, philosopher, and martyr, Anicius Manlius Torquatus Severinus Boethius was a member of a Roman Consular family. St. Severinus served as a Consul, as did his father and sons, and later he also was an aide and advisor to Theodoric the Great (r. 475 – 526). Though the author of several theological treatises, St. Severinus is best remembered for his more secular works, especially the De Consolatione Philosophiæ. About the year 534 political rivals accused him of disloyalty to the throne, and republican leanings, St. Severinus was gaoled, and without trial Theodoric ordered that he be put to death. Though there is no documentary evidence to support it, St. Severinus has always been considered a martyr, with a very strong cultus around Pavia where his execution took place. St. Severinus’ relics are enshrined in the Cathedral of Santo Stefano e di Santa Maria del Popolo in Pavia, Italy.
SEVERINUS of COLOGNE, a native of Bordeaux often confused with his namesake and contemporary St. Severinus of Bordeaux (vide supra). St. Severinus was the third reliably documented Bishop of Cologne (circa 348 – 403). The little that is known of him is conflated with St. Severinus of Bordeaux, though his ardent stance against Arianism is well documented. St. Severinus reposed circa 403.
SYRE (SYRA), a spiritual daughter of St. Burgundofara (3rd April) at the Abbey of Our Lady of Faremoutiers. St. Syre was later chosen to be abbess of an abbey at Châlons-sur-Marne (present-day Châlons-en-Champagne, Marne, in north-eastern France). St. Syre reposed circa 660.
VERUS, (Fourth Century), a wonderworker, St. Verus was the third Bishop of Salerno. He is remembered for his zealous defence of orthodox Christianity.