Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
23rd March (NS) — 10th March (OS) 2020
ATTALAS, a native of Burgundy, who received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of Our Lady of Lérins (abbaye Notre Dame de Lérins). St. Attalas joined St. Columbanus (23rd November) when he left Lérins for the Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul of Luxeuil (abbaye Saint-Pierre et Saint-Paul de Luxeuil), and later to Bobbio, assisting St. Columbanus in the founding of what came to be called the Abbey of St. Columbanus (Abbazia di San Colombano). Following St. Columbanus’ repose in 615, St. Attalas succeeded him as Abbot serving until his repose in 627.
DROCTOVEUS (DROTTÉ), a disciple of St. Germanus of Paris (28th May), who became Abbot of St. Symphorian Abbey (abbaye Saint-Symphorien d'Autun) in Autun, Burgundy. After his elevation to the Episcopacy, St. Germanus appointed St. Droctoveus first Abbot of the Abbey of St. Vincent and the Holy Cross (abbaye saint Vincent et de la sainte Croix), which was later renamed Saint-Germain-des-Prés in present-day Paris' 6th arrondissement. St. Droctoveus reposed circa 580.
EMILIAN (EMINIAN), an Irishman who received monastic tonsure at, and later was Abbot of, the Abbey of St. Peter (abbaye Saint-Pierre de Lagny) in Lagny-sur-Marne, near Paris. St. Emilian reposed in 675.
FAILBHE the LITTLE, Abbot of Iona for seven years, he reposed in 754 at the age of eighty. No further information on this saint is extant.
HIMELIN, was a priest, most likely Irish, who reposed at Vissenaeken near Tirlemont in Flanders circa 750, as he was returning from a pilgrimage to Rome.
KESSOG (MACKESSOG), St. Kessog is said to have been an Irish prince from Cashel in Tipperary who, even as a child, is said to have worked miracles. St. Kessog left Ireland and became a missionary bishop in Scotland, where he evangelised the Lennox and Southern Perthshire areas until he was martyred circa 560. According to one legend, his martyrdom took place at Bandry, where there was a heap of stones which came to be known as St. Kessog’s Cairn.
SEDNA, St. Sedna was a Bishop of Ossory and Abbot of Seir-Kieran Abbey, both in Ireland. He reposed circa 570. There is no further information on his life extant.
SILVESTER, a companion of St. Palladius (7th July) in his mission to Ireland. St. Silvester is believed to have reposed circa 420. No further information on this saint is extant.
SIMPLICIUS, the forty-seventh Pope of Rome, St. Simplicius served as Pope from 468 until his repose in 483. While Pope, St. Simplicius was a tenacious defender of the condemnation of the heresy of Monophysitism by the Council of Chalcedon. He also helped the people of Rome as they faced barbarian invaders.
VICTOR, (Date Unknown), a martyr in North Africa during the Decian Persecution. Some martyrologies list several companions, though nothing certain is known.
BENEDICT of CAMPANIA, a hermit in the Campania (the area of present-day Italy in and around Naples) and friend of St. Benedict of Nursia (11th July), St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September) also mentions him in some of his writings. St. Benedict was taken prisoner and thrown into a fire by the army of Totila, King of the Ostrogoths (r. 541–552). He remained in the fire for an entire day before emerging completely unharmed. St. Benedict lived until circa 550, reposing of natural causes.
ETHILWALD of FARNE, a monk at Ripon, St. Ethilwald lived as an anchorite on the Island of Farne for the last twelve years of his life, reposing in 699.
FELIX the MARTYR and COMPANIONS, aside from brief mentions in the old martyrologies, and by St. Bede the Venerable (25th May) there is nothing known about these saints. Out of a group of twenty-one, only the name of St. Felix is known. Beyond that, it is known they were martyred in North Africa in the late-fifth century during the reign of the Arian Huneric, King of the Vandals (r. 477–484).
FELIX of MONTE CASSINO, a monk at one of the dependencies of the Abbey of Monte Cassino who reposed circa 1000. Following St. Felix’s repose many miracles were reported to have taken place at his tomb, leading the Bishop of Chieti to have St. Felix’s relics enshrined and made available for veneration.
FIDELIS the MARTYR, (Date Unknown), a martyr in North Africa of whom nothing is known. Some hagiographers reckon him to be part of the group martyred with Felix (vide supra) under the Arian Huneric, King of the Vandals (r. 477–484), though he is most likely not connected with them.
FRUMENTIUS of HADRUMETUM, a wealthy merchant in Hadrumetum (present-day Sousse, Tunisia) who was martyred for refusing to convert to Arianism during the persecutions under the Arian Huneric, King of the Vandals (r. 477–484) in 484.
MAIDOC (MO-MHAEDOG) of FIDDOWN, (Fifth Century), an Abbot of Fiddown in southern Co. Kilkenny in Ireland, nothing further is known about him.
NICON of SICILY and COMPANIONS, a Roman soldier and leader of a group of monks who took up monastic life whilst in the Holy Land. Hoping to escape the persecution going on at the time in the Holy Land, St. Nicon and his brothers fled to Sicily. Sadly, there they found not safety, but the Decian Persecution, and all were martyred circa 250.
VICTORIAN of HADRUMETUM, CRESCENTIUS of CARTHAGE, LIBERATUS of CARTHAGE, and COMPANIONS, St. Victorian, a pro-consul of Carthage, St. Crescentius, a priest, and St. Liberatus, a wealthy merchant. All of whom, including St. Liberatus’ wife and children, were martyred in 484 at Hadrumetum under the Arian Huneric, King of the Vandals (r. 477–484) for refusing to abandon orthodox Christianity and embrace Arianism.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.