Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
22nd March (NS) — 9th March (OS) 2020
ANTONY, a tenth century monk at the Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul of Luxeuil (abbaye Saint-Pierre et Saint-Paul de Luxeuil), who later became a hermit in Froidemont in Franche-Comté.
BOSA, a monk at Whitby Abbey, St. Bosa was consecrated Bishop of York by St. Theodore of Canterbury (19th September) during the exile of St. Wilfrid (12th October). St. Bede the Venerable (25th May) recalls St. Bosa as ‘A man beloved of God…of most unusual merit holiness’. St. Bosa reposed 705.
CONSTANTINE, St. Constantine is described as a Cornish prince who abdicated in favour of his son after the death of his wife. Said to have been “immersed in worldly cares and defiled by vices” prior to his conversion, he repented and is said to have either entered St. David’s (1st March) monastery, and then to have been sent as a missionary to the Scots, or to have gone directly to the north, where he worked in the area of the Kintyre Peninsula (formerly Cantyre) in southwest Scotland, founding a monastery at Govan on the Clyde. He was martyred by bandits in Scotland circa 576.
Whether he was the same Constantine excoriated by St. Gildas the Wise (29th January) in his De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniæ as “…the tyrannical whelp of the unclean lioness of Damnonia”, or another prince of the same name, is an open question.
PACIAN (PACIANUS), the second documented Bishop of Barcelona from 365 until his repose circa 390. Though it seems he was a prolific author, only a few of his works have survived to the present.
DARERCA of IRELAND, (Fifth Century), St. Darerca was St. Patrick’s (17th March) sister. She is reputed to have had fifteen sons, ten of whom became bishops. The exact year of her repose is unknown to us.
DEOGRATIUS of CARTHAGE, consecrated Bishop of Carthage in North Africa in 456, the See had remained vacant for fourteen years during the calamitous persecutions by the Arian Vandals which had driven his predecessor, St. Quodvultdeus (19th February) into exile. St. Deogratius best remembered for ransoming Christian prisoners of the Arians with funds he raised by selling all his and the Church’s possessions. St. Deogratius was already advanced in years when he was placed in charge of the See, and the strains of his pastoral work led to his repose in 457, after only one year as bishop.
EPAPHRODITUS of TERRACINA, (First Century), believed to have been the first Bishop of Terracina (about 56 km / 35 mi south of Rome on the Via Appia). He may have been one of the Seventy Apostles and mentioned by the Apostle Paul (29th June) in Philippians 2:25.
LEA of ROME, a wealthy Roman noblewoman who, upon being widowed, joined the community run by St. Marcella (31st January). There St. Lea spent the rest of her life serving the other members of the community. St. Lea reposed in 384.
OCTAVIAN of CARTHAGE and COMPANIONS, several thousand martyrs at Carthage in North Africa, led by Octavian, an Archdeacon, under Arian Huneric, King of the Vandals (r. 477–484) in 484.
PAUL of NARBONNE, though reliable details of St. Pauls life are not extant, there are two primary theories; the first, that St. Paul is the Sergius Paulus of Acts 13:7, converted by the Apostle Paul (29th June) who sent him to southern Gaul to preach the Gospel. The second is St. Paul was ordained in Rome and sent to Gaul where he had immense success as a missionary and served as the first Bishop of Narbonne. In both theories St. Paul is believed to have reposed circa 250.
SATURNINUS the MARTYR and COMPANIONS, (Date Unknown), a group of ten martyrs in North Africa, although they are listed in all the ancient martyrologies, including St. Jerome's (30th September) Martyrologium Hieronymianum, there are no details of their lives extant.
TRIEN (TRIENAN) of KILLEGA, (Fifth Century), a disciple of St. Patrick (17th March) he served as Abbot of Killega, and was a close friend of St. Mochta (19th August). There is no further information on this saint extant.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.