Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
21st June (NS) — 8th June (OS)
8th June O.S.
BRON, there is no written record of St. Bron extant, however he is mentioned in the Lives of both SS. Patrick (17th March) and Brigid (1st February). From these we learn that he was a disciple of St. Patrick and founding Bishop of Cassel-Irra (also called Killaspugbrone from the Irish: Cill Easpaig Brón, meaning “The Church of Bishop Bró882n”), near present-day Strandhill, Co. Sligo in Ireland. It appears St. Bron reposed circa 511.
CLODULF (CLOU), a son of St. Arnulf (18th July), and raised in the Austrasian Court, St. Clodulf had the potential to enjoy a very successful secular career ahead of him. St. Clodulf preferred serving the Church, and in time he followed in his father’s footsteps as Bishop of Metz. Consecrated 656, he served his See for forty years, until his repose 696.
EUSTADIOLA, following the repose of her husband, St. Eustadiola spent her wealth building the Abbey of Moyenmoutier (later the Abbey of Saint-Hydulphe) in the Vosges. There she received monastic tonsure and lived as a nun and ultimately served as abbess. St. Eustadiola reposed 690.
GILDARD (GODARD), a sixth century Bishop of Rouen, at one time, erroneously, said to have been the (twin) brother of St. Medard (vide infra). St. Gildard is recorded as having assisted at the first Council of Orléans 511.
HERACLIUS of SENS, the fourteenth Bishop of Sens (487 – 515). St. Heraclus was one of the Hierarchs present at the baptism of Clovis at Rheims Cathedral. He was buried (515) at The Abbey of Saint-Jean-lès-Sens, which he had built during his episcopacy.
LEVAN, (Sixth Century), St. Levan was a Celt, possibly from Wales, who went to Cornwall as a missionary and gave his name to the village of St. Levan south west of Penzance.
MAXIMINUS of AIX, (First Century), traditionally counted as the first Bishop of Aix-en-Provence. According to one legend St. Maximinus was one of the Seventy, whilst another is that he was the man born blind, whose sight was restored by Christ (John 9). Neither of these legends is supported by any evidence.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
MEDARD, at one time, erroneously, said to have been the (twin) brother of St. Gildard (vide supra). St. Medard reluctantly accepted consecration as the Bishop of Vermand 530, the following he moved the seat of the diocese to Noyon, to avoid the incursions of the Huns. St. Medard merged the vacant See of Tournai with Noyon (532), a union which lasted some five hundred years. One of the most respected bishops of his day, not long after his repose circa 558, a strong cultus of St. Medard developed, and continues in norther France.
MELANIA the ELDER, the grandmother of St. Melania the Younger (31st December), who following the repose of her husband went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, there she founded a monastery on the Mount of Olives, where she stayed until her repose circa 410.
MUIRCHU (MACCUTINUS), (Seventh Century), St. Muirchu was an Irishman and author of the Life of St. Brigid and Vita sancti Patricii (Life of Saint Patrick), one of the first accounts of the Enlightener of Ireland. Unfortunately, there is no information regarding the life of St. Muirchu extant.
SALLUSTIAN, (Date Unknown), though there is nothing definite known about St. Sallustian’s life he has been honoured in Sardinia for as long as can be recalled. Martyrologies have variously described as a martyr and an anchorite.
SEVERINUS, brother of Victorinus (vide infra), together they liquidated their assets, distributing the proceeds to those in need, then left the world to live as hermits. St. Severinus’ solitude was broken when Pope Vigilius (r. 537 – 555) compelled him to accept consecration as Bishop of Septempeda, (now named Sanseverino after him) in the Marches of Ancona. St. Severinus reposed, 550, shortly before the Ostrogoth Totila sacked his See.
SYRA (SYRIA), (Seventh Century), a sister of St. Fiacre (30th August). St. Syra followed her brother from Ireland to France. Once there it is said she lived as a recluse under St. Burgundofara (3rd April), abbess of Brie.
VICTORINUS, brother of Severinus (vide supra), together they liquidated their assets, distributing the proceeds to those in need, then left the world to live as hermits. As with his brother, St. Victorinus’ solitude was also broken (540) when Pope Vigilius compelled him to accept consecration as Bishop of Camerino. He reposed 543.
21st June N.S.
AGOFREDUS, a brother of St. Leutfrid (vide infra), and monk at the Abbey of La Croix Saint-Ouen where St. Leutfrid was Abbot. St. Agofredus was known throughout Normandy for his holiness of life. He reposed 738.
ALBAN, a Greek priest from Naxos exiled by the Arians, St. Alban ended up in Mainz where he evangelised the locals, and continued his preaching against Arianism. St. Alban was martyred at Mainz by invading Vandals circa 400.
CORBMAC, (Sixth Century), St. Corbmac was a disciple of St. Columba (9th June) who made him Abbot of Durrow in Co. Offaly, Ireland. Nothing further is known about his life.
CYRIACUS and APOLLINARIS, (Date Unknown), these two saints are listed in the martyrologies as having been martyred in North Africa. However, no information on their lives is extant.
DEMETRIA, commonly believed to have been the daughter of SS. Flavian (22nd December) and Dafrosa (4th January), and sister of St. Bibiana (2nd December). According to tradition, during the persecutions under Julian the Apostate St. Demetria was arrested and tried for being a Christian (363). Upon conviction and sentencing to death, St. Demetria dropped dead in front of the judge. As with SS. Flavian, Dafrosa, and Bibiana, there is a great deal of doubt surrounding the details of St. Demetria’s martyrdom as well.
DOMINIC of COMACCHIO, a monk at Abbey of Pomposa in Comacchio about 67 km (41 miles) south of Venice. St. Dominic reposed circa 820.
ENGELMUND, an English monk and fellow-worker with St. Willibrord (7th November) in evangelising Friesland. St. Engelmund reposed in Haarlem circa 739, and his relics are enshrined at Utrecht.
LEUTFRID (LEUFROY), founding Abbot of the Abbey of La Croix Saint-Ouen in Normandy. St. Leutfrid served as Abbot until his repose 738. The Abbey was later renamed La Croix Saint-Leufroy in his honour.
MAINE (MEVENUS, MEWAN, MÉEN), a native of either Cornwall or Wales, who accompanied St. Samson (28th July) to Brittany where he founded the Abbey of Saint John the Baptist in present-day Saint-Méen-le-Grand, Brittany. St. Maine reposed 617, and his abbey was later named Saint-Méon.
MARTIN of TONGRES, believed to have been a hermit whose sanctity and wonderworking led the people of Tongres in the present-day Belgian province of Limberg, to compel St. Martin to become their bishop. St. Martin is generally counted as the seventh bishop of that See, and is venerated as the Apostle of Hesbaye district of Limberg. He reposed circa 350.
RALPH, a member of Frankish royalty, St. Ralph renounced his temporal status and honours to receive monastic tonsure (822). He was consecrated Archbishop of Bourges 840, during the next twenty-six years, St. Ralph founded monasteries, and the energy with which he approached the care of his flock seemed endless. St. Ralph reposed 866.
RUFINUS and MARTIA, (Date Unknown), early martyrs in Syracuse in Sicily. No further information on them is extant.
URCISCENUS, consecrated Bishop of Pavia in Lombardy circa 183, St. Urciscenus led his Diocese through thirty-three years of persecution and tumultuousness. He reposed circa 216.
WOLFRID, the founder of St. George’s Abbey on Hohentwiel, in present-day Baden-Württemberg, Germany. St. Wolfrid reposed circa 990.