Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
20th October (NS) — 7th October (OS)
7th October O.S.
ADALGIS, a member of the court of Emperor Lothair I who was appointed to serve as Bishop of Novara in Italy from circa 830 until his repose circa 850. He is buried in the Basilica of San Gaudenzio in Novara.
AUGUSTUS, (Late Sixth Century), an Abbot of Bourges in central Gaul. St. Augustus was also a friend of St. Germanus of Paris (28th May). He is best known for having discovered the relics of St. Ursinus (9th November), the first Bishop of Bourges.
CANOG (CANOG, CENNEUR), (Fifth Century), The eldest son of the great King St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April), St. Cynog was martyred by Barbarians at Merthyr-Cynog (shrine of Cynog) in Powys, Wales circa 492, his relics are enshrined at Merthyr-Cynog.
DUBHTHACH (DUBTHACH, DUBTACH), (Sixth Century), There were two Abbot-Bishops of Armagh by the name of Dubhthach. Dubhthach the First was the sixth Abbot-Bishop of Armagh, serving from 497 until his repose in 513. Dubhthach the Second (or Younger) served as the ninth Abbot-Bishop of Armagh Ireland for twelve years from 536 until his repose in 548. The Annals of the Four Masters only refer to Dubhthach the Second as a saint, however there is no other record extant of his veneration or Feast Day. The Book-of-Saints by the Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine at Ramsgate, England as well as several other contemporary listings of saints, list a feast date of 7th October.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
HELANUS, (Sixth Century), along with six brothers and three sisters, St. Helanus came to France from Ireland, all living as hermits along the River Marne near Rheims. St. Helanus, who was a priest, served as de facto abbot of the small community, and ministered to the people of the surrounding area.
JUSTINA, according to tradition St. Justina, a maiden who flourished during the Apostolic Age, was martyred in Padua during the reign of Nero (A.D. 54 – 68) or Domitian (A.D. 81 – 96).
MARCELLUS and APULEIUS, (First Century), the Roman Martyrology related that SS. Marcellus and Apuleius were followers of Simon Magus who were converted after witnessing the miracles of the Apostle St. Peter (29th June). They were later martyred, and buried outside the walls of Rome.
MARK (MARCUS), a Roman by birth, Pope St. Mark succeeded Pope St. Silvester (31st December), serving as the thirty-fourth Pope of Rome for only 263 days (18th January – 7th October 336). However, in that brief time the Liber Pontificalis, credits St. Mark with the foundation of the Basilica of San Marco in Rome, and it is possible he founded a second one as well. St. Mark reposed 7th October 336 of natural causes.
OSYTH (OSITH), (Seventh Century), according to tradition St. Osyth was the daughter of Frithwald (Frithuwold), a sub-king of Mercia and Wilburga, the daughter of the pagan King Penda of Mercia, and niece of St. Edith of Polesworth (15th July), and St. Edburga of Bicester (‘18th July). She was raised by her aunt St. Edith of Polesworth at St. Edith’s monastery, or under the guidance of St. Modwenna of Burton (5th July), leading to St. Osyth’s desire to become a monastic. However, her father betrothed her to Sighere, King of the East Saxons for political reasons. This union produced the future St. Offa (15th December). In time, Sighere acquiesced to St. Osyth’s desire for the monastic life, and she founded the Monastery of Chich in Essex, England, serving as its first Abbess. St. Osyth was martyred by heathen Danes or other pirates circa 700.
PALLADIUS (PALLAIS, PALLADE), the twelfth Bishop of Saintes in south western Gaul. He served from circa 570 – 3 until his repose circa 596 – 600.
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20th October N.S.
ACCA, known as one of the most learned bishops of his century, he was held in great esteem by St. Bede the Venerable (25th May) who described him as ‘great in the sight of God and man’. St. Acca began his monastic life as a disciple of SS. Bosa (9th March) and Wilfrid (12th October). During St. Wilfrid’s exile (circa A.D. 678 – 681), St. Acca served as a travelling companion to St. Wilfrid. Following their return to England, St. Acca served as Abbot of St. Andrew’s in Hexham, and in A.D. 709, succeeded his former master as Bishop of Hexham, serving that See until his repose circa A.D. 740.
ADERALD, the Archdeacon of Troyes who went lead a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. Returning with many holy relics, he built the Priory of Saint-Sépulcre at Samblières (present-day Villacerf) on the outskirts of Troyes. St. Aderald reposed in A.D. 1004.
AIDAN, a bishop in Co. Mayo, Ireland who reposed in A.D. 768, and of whom nothing further is known.
BERNARD of BAGNOREA (of CASTRO), a native of Bagnorea, Calabra who served as Bishop of Vulcia in Tuscany in the late eighth century A.D. St. Bernard reposed circa A.D. 800.
BRADAN and ORORA (CRORA), (Date Uncertain), nothing is known about SS. Bradan and Orora other than the existence of a Kirk Braddan (Church of St. Braddan) near Douglas, Isle of Man, and a reference made on a sixteenth century map to a church of St. Crora. In addition, there is a tradition of their veneration on the Isle of Man.
CAPRASIUS, a native of Agen in Aquitaine, St. Caprasius initially went into hiding during Diocletian’s persecutions. Inspired by the courage shown by St. Faith (6th October), St. Caprasius come out of hiding, and openly proclaimed himself to be a Christian. For this he was beheaded, A.D. 303.
IRENE,a nun in Portugal, of whom nothing certain can be said with confidence. She is said to have been martyred by Visigoths circa A.D. 653. She is the patron saint of both Tomar and Santarém in Portugal.
MARTHA, SAULA, and COMPANIONS, (Fourth Century), martyrs with St. Ursula (21st October) in Cologne.
MAXIMUS of AQUILA, a very devout and dedicated deacon in Aquila in the Abruzzo region of present-day Italy. He was tortured and then martyred by being thrown off a cliff during the Decian Persecution circa A.D. 250. St. Maximus is one of the patron saints of L’Aquila Italy.
SINDULF of RHEIMS, a hermit in Aussonce near Rheims, who reposed in A.D. 660.
VITALIS, Abbot of St. Peter’s Abbey, and second Bishop of Salzburg. St. Vitalis succeeded St. Rupert (27th March) in both positions in A.D. 717, and continued until his repose in A.D. 745.