Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
20th March (NS) — 7th March (OS) 2020
ARDO, St. Ardo received monastic tonsure at what came to be called the Abbey of St. Benedict of Aniane (abbaye Saint Benoît d'Aniane), in Hérault, taking the name Ardo to replace his baptismal one of Smaragdus. At Aniane he served as secretary to the founding Abbot St. Benedict of Aniane (11th February), and following St. Benedict’s repose in 821, St. Ardo wrote a Life of St. Benedict that is considered to be one of the most reliable of the era. St. Ardo reposed in 843.
DEIFER, (Sixth Century), a Welsh saint, he was the founder and first Abbot of Bodfari Monastery in Denbighshire. No further information on this saint is extant.
DRAUSINUS (DRAUSIUS), the twenty-second Bishop of Soissons. He was a great supporter of monasticism, and founded the Abbey of Our Lady of Soissons (abbaye Notre-Dame de Soissons) and of the Abbey of Rethondes. St. Drausinus reposed circa 674.
ENODOCH (WENEDOC), St. Enodoch was a Welsh saint and a member of the great King St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April) family. It is possible she is the same saint as St. Gwen (18th October ), daughter of the legendary King St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April). Though the exact year of her repose is unknown, it would have been no later than 520.
EOSTERWINE (EASTERWINE, ESTERWINUS), a Northumbrian noble and cousin of St. Benedict Biscop (12th January), he entered the monastery of Wearmouth under his cousin at the age of 24. St. Eosterwine was known for his humility and gentleness, refined through a life of constant prayer, as well as for his zeal and skill when serving as abbot in his cousin’s absence. St. Eosterwine reposed in 688 and his relics were enshrined with those of SS. Benedict Biscop and Sigfrid (22nd August), his successor, before the altar of St. Peter's Church at Wearmouth, Tyne and Wear, England.
GAUDIOSUS of BRESCIA, the thirteenth or fifteenth Bishop of Brescia in Lombardy, where his relics are enshrined in the church of Sant’Alessandro. There are no details of his Life extant, though he is generally believed to have reposed circa 445.
PERPETUA, FELICITY, SATURUS (SATYRUS), SATURNINUS, REVOCATUS, and SECUNDULUS, one of the most noteworthy early Christian texts, The Passion of The Holy Martyrs Perpetua and Felicitas is an eyewitness account of the suffering and martyrdom of these saints. A group of five catechumens, along with their catechist, Saturus, were imprisoned and then martyred in Carthage, Africa Proconsularis during birthday celebrations for Emperor Septimus Severus (r. 193–211). Though the date of their martyrdom is generally accepted to be 203, there are some passages of the Passion which lead one to believe it might have been several years later.
BENIGNUS of FLAY, an Abbot of the Abbey of St. Wandrille in Fontenelle Normandy. Having been exiled from Fontenelle, St. Benignus retired to the Abbey of St. Germer of Fly (abbaye Saint-Germer-de-Fly) in Picardy. There he was chosen by the monks to be their Abbot. He was later able to return to Fontanelle, where he remained until his repose in 725.
CUTHBERT of LINDISFARNE, our father among the saints Cuthbert of Lindisfarne, Wonderworker of Britain, was a monastic missionary and bishop during the seventh century in Scotland and the north of England, where he is still widely venerated.
St. Cuthbert of Lindisfarne
While still in your youth, you laid aside all worldly cares, and took up the sweet yoke of Christ, and you were shown forth in truth to be nobly radiant in the grace of the Holy Spirit. Therefore, God established you as a rule of faith and shepherd of His radiant flock, Godly-minded Cuthbert, converser with angels and intercessor for men.
St. Cuthbert of Lindisfarne
Having surpassed your brethren in prayers, fasting and vigils, you were found worthy to entertain an angel in the form of a pilgrim; and having shown forth with humility as a bright lamp set on high, you received the gift of working wonders. And now as you dwell in the Heavenly Kingdom, our righteous Father Cuthbert, intercede with Christ our God that our souls may be saved.
There are several conflicting legends regarding St. Cuthbert’s early life. The consensus is that he was a shepherd who had a vision at the moment of the death of St. Aidan (31st August), seeing that saint rising in glory to Heaven, which led him to embrace the monastic life. He was tonsured at Melrose under St. Eata (26th October) and was taught by St. Boswell (23rd February). After several years, there, where he was held in awe by his fellow monks for his fasting and vigils, St. Eata (26th October) selected several monks to join him and St. Cuthbert, on a journey to a new monastery at Ripon. However, due to the disagreement over the Celtic versus Roman practices of calculating the date of Pascha (Easter) vide (Paschal Controversy), they returned to Melrose. Following the Synod of Whitby, St. Cuthbert seems to have accepted the Roman liturgical practices, and after St. Columba (9th June) and his monks left Lindisfarne, SS. Cuthbert and Eata (26th October) went to Lindisfarne, where St. Cuthbert eventually became abbot.
During his first years at Lindisfarne, St. Cuthbert actively continued his missionary work, travelling southward to Northumberland and Durham, though he sincerely desired the life of an anchorite. In 676 he retired to a cave, and then into a cell he built on the isolated island of Inner Farne, south of Lindisfarne. Alas, his solitude was not to last, as the king implored him to accept episcopal consecration, and St. Cuthbert was made Bishop of Lindisfarne in 684. Whilst maintaining an ascetic life, St. Cuthbert led his diocese, caring for the sick, distributing alms, and working the many miracles that earned him the title of Wonderworker of Britain. Then in late 686, in declining health, he resigned his office and retired to his cell on Inner Farne Island where he reposed, 20th March 687. He was buried at Lindisfarne, though in the ninth century the Viking threat prompted the Lindisfarne community to move his body, which was found to be still incorrupt, to a safer site, first to Chester-le-Street, and finally to Durham. Important sanctuary rights developed early around St. Cuthbert’s body, and his cult, surviving both the Scandinavian and Norman conquests, emerged as one of the most important in medieval England. His pectoral cross, portable altar, coffin-reliquary, and other objects survived the destruction of his shrine in 1539–40, and were recovered when his tomb in Durham Cathedral was opened in 1827.
HERBERT of DERWENWATER, according to St. Bede the Venerable (25th May), he was a disciple of St. Cuthbert (vide supra), who lived as an anchorite on what is now called St. Herbert’s Island in Lake Derwenwater, in the Lake District of England. He reposed on the same day as his holy master, 20th March, 687.
MARTIN of BRAGA, a native of Pannonia (in present-day Hungary), who became a monk in the Holy Land, but later went to Galicia on the Iberian Peninsula where he introduced coenobitic monasticism. St. Martin is also credited with converting the Suebi people from Arianism to Christianity. He later served as Bishop of Mondoñedo, in north-western present-day Spain, and then of Braga, in north-western present-day Portugal. St. Martin reposed in 580, several of his writings are still extant.
REMIGIUS of STRASBOURG, an Alsatian nobleman, son of Hugh, Duke of Alsace, and cousin of St. Odilia of Alsace (13th December). St. Remigius was educated at the Abbey of St. Gregory of Munster, near Colmar in Alsace. After completing his education St. Remigius received monastic tonsure at the Abbey and later served as its Abbot. In 776 St. Remigius was consecrated twenty-fourth Bishop of Strasbourg, serving until his repose in 783.
TERTRICUS of LANGRES, the son of St. Gregory of Langres (4th January), and uncle of St. Gregory of Tours (17th November). Tertricus succeeded his father as Bishop of Langres circa 540 and reposed in 572. Nothing further is known of St. Tertricus’ life.
URBITIUS of METZ, a fifth century Bishop of Metz (in present-day north-eastern France). St. Urbitius is credited with building a church in honour of St. Felix of Nola (14th January), which became the church of the fourteenth century Abbey of Saint-Clément of Metz. St. Urbitius reposed circa 420.
WILLIAM (GUILLERMO) of PEÑACORADA, fleeing his abbey in Sahagún (León, Spain) with his fellow monks, just ahead of the Saracens in 988, St. William settled at Peñacorada 50 km / 31 mi to the south. There he built the monastery of Santa Maria de los Valles, later re-named San Guillermo de Peñacorada in his honour. St. William reposed circa 1042.
WULFRAM of SENS, as a reward for services to Clotaire III, King of Neustria and Burgundy (r. 658–673) St. Wulfram was consecrated an intruder Archbishop of Sens in 682. However, in 685, St. Wulfram resigned in favour of the licit Archbishop. Assisted by monks from the Abbey of St. Wandrille (abbaye de Saint-Wandrille) in Fontenelle, Normandy (Fontenelle Abbey), St. Wulfram spent many years evangelising the Frisians. He then retired to Fontenelle, where he reposed in 720.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.