Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
20th April (NS) — 7th April (OS)
7th April O.S.
BRYNACH (BEMACH, BEMACUS), an Irishman, St. Brynach settled in Wales where he built a cell and church at a place now called Carn-Inglyi (Mountain of Angels), which overhangs Newport, Pembrokeshire. In addition, several churches in Pembrokeshire dedicated to him. There is little further information extant on this saint, though it seems likely that he reposed in the first half of the fifth century. Some sources state he is the same saint as St. Brannoc of Braughton (7th January), but there is no reliable information to support this assertion.
EPIPHANIUS, DONATUS, RUFINUS, and COMPANIONS, (Date Uncertain), Epiphanius was a bishop of an unknown See in North Africa. Various martyrologies list him as having been martyred along with thirteen (or fifteen) members of his flock. Nothing further is known of these martyrs.
FINAN (FINNIAN), (Sixth Century), a native of Munster, St. Finan was said to have been given the gifts of prophecy and miraculous powers as a child. He became a disciple of St. Brendan the Voyager (16th May), at whose direction, St. Finan founded a monastery at Kinnitty (Irish: Cionn Eitigh), Co. Offaly.
GIBARDUS, an Abbot of the Abbey of St. Peter the Apostle in Luxeuil. He and his monks fled the Abbey in the hopes of evading the invading Huns, however, the Hums captured the monks and subsequently martyred them, circa 888.
GORAN (WORANUS), (Sixth Century), a friend of St. Petroc (4th June) who appears to have lived at Bodmin. There are several churches in Cornwall dedicated to him. No further information on this saint is extant.
HEGESIPPUS, a Jewish convert to Christianity, born in Jerusalem, St. Hegesippus spent twenty years of his life in Rome studying the early Church. The first to trace the Apostolic Succession of the Bishops of Rome, he is considered the father of ecclesiastical history. Though little of his work is survived to the present, it formed the backbone of Eusebius’ research for his Ecclesiastical History, and was recommended by St. Jerome (30th September). St. Hegesippus returned to Jerusalem for his final years and reposed there, most likely circa 180.
LLEWELLYN (LLYWELYN) and GWRNERTH, these two monks lived at Welshpool and later at Bardsey in Wales at some point in the sixth century Nothing further is known of their lives.
SATURNINUS, a fourth century Bishop of Verona of whom nothing further is known.
20th April N.S.
CEADWALLA (CADWALLA), a pagan King of Wessex, who, repenting his cruel and cunning ways, abdicated his throne, and went to Rome where he was baptised by Pope St. Sergius (8th September). Almost immediately after his baptism St. Ceadwalla reposed (689), still wearing his white baptismal robe, and thus was numbered amongst the Saints.
HARDUIN, a monk at Abbey of St Wandrille in Fontenelle, Normandy who spent his later years as a hermit, devoting his time to copying the works of the Fathers. St. Harduin reposed in 811.
HUGH of ANZY-LE-DUC, after finishing his education at the Abbey of St. Savin in Poitou, St. Hugh received monastic tonsure there. He helped several other monasteries revive their monastic life, and later assisted St. Berno (13th January) in founding the Abbey of St. Peter in Cluny, Aquitaine. St. Hugh reposed at Anzy-le-Duc circa 930.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
MARCELLINUS, VINCENT, and DOMNINUS, natives of North Africa who travelled to Gaul where they preached in the Dauphiné. St. Marcellinus was consecrated first Bishop of Embrun by St. Eusebius of Vercelli (2nd August). St. Vincent went on to be consecrated Bishop of Digne, and St. Domininus served as a missionary bishop in Gaul. They reposed circa 374, and their relics are enshrined in Digne-les-Bains in the French Alps.
MARCIAN of AUXERRE, a wonderworking monk at the Abbey of SS. Cosmas and Damian in Auxerre, where he was given the obedience of keeping the Abbey’s cattle. The date of the repose of St. Marcian is listed as taking place somewhere between 466 and 477.
SULPICIUS and SERVILIAN, martyrs in Rome who were beheaded under Emperor Trajan (r. 98 -117) circa 117. According to tradition they were converted to the Faith through the prayers of St. Flavia Domitilla (12th May).