Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
19th October (NS) — 6th October (OS)
6th October O.S.
AUREA, (Eighth Century), a young girl from Amiens in Picardy, who received monastic tonsure at Boves in Piedmont (about 80 kilometres (50 miles) south of Turin). St Aurea later served as Abbess of a large monastery in Rouen, Normandy. No further details of her life are extant.
CEOLLACH, a native of Ireland, St. Ceollach briefly served as Bishop of the Mercians or Mid-Angles. He retired to Iona, though he returned to his native land to repose. The exact dates of his life are uncertain, but it is believed he lived during the seventh century.
EPIPHANIA, according to the local traditions of Pavia dating from the late Middle Ages, St. Epiphania was a daughter of Ratchis, King of the Lombards and of Italy; and may very well have been a nun as well. She reposed circa 800.
FAITH (FOY), (Late Third — Early Fourth Century), often confused with the three legendary sisters known as Faith, Hope, and Charity (1st August), this St. Faith was a young maiden from Agen in Aquitaine, known for her extreme beauty and even greater holiness of life. St. Faith was tortured to death with a red-hot brazier, under Maximian Herculeus, for refusing to make pagan sacrifices. Her shrine at the Abbey in Conques was a popular stop for pilgrims on their way to Santiago de Compostela.
MAGNUS, a Bishop of Oderzo on the Adriatic, who is best remembered for founding some of the earliest churches in Venice. St. Magnis reposed circa 670 and is buried in the church of San Geremia in Venice.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
MARTYRS of TRIER, (Third Century), the largest group numbered amongst those martyred in Trier by order of the Prefect Rictiovarus during the reign of Emperor Diocletian (A.D. 284 – 305).
PARDULF (PARDOUX), a native of Sardent near Guéret in Gaul, who received monastic tonsure the monastery of Guéret, of which he later served as Abbot. According to tradition, as Umayyad forces were retreating following the Battle of Tours, and arrived at Guéret, they spared the monastery due to the prayers of St. Pardulf. He reposed circa 738.
ROMANUS of AUXERRE, the fourteenth Bishop of Auxerre in Burgundy, he is believed to have reposed circa 550.
19th October N.S.
ALTINUS (ATTINUS), a first century A.D. missionary bishop who is credited with founding the churches of Orleans and Chartres. There is a tradition in which he is said to have flourished in the fourth century A.D. and was a martyr.
AQUILINUS, a Frankish nobleman who after fighting the Visigoths under King Clovis II, returned home and he and his wife agreed to separate and dedicate their lives and wealth to caring for the sick and the poor. St. Aquilinus was consecrated Bishop of Evreux in A.D. 670, though he led more of a hermetical life than that of most bishops. He reposed in A.D. 695.
DESIDERIUS, a monk and disciple of St. Sigiranus (5th December), he spent the later years of his life as a hermit in La Brenne near Bourges until his repose circa A.D. 705.
EDNOTH (EADNOT), a monk at Worcester Abbey and later Abbot of Ramsey Abbey in England. He was consecrated Bishop of Dorchester in A.D. 1006, with his seat at Dorchester Abbey in Dorchester-on-Thames in Oxfordshire. In A.D. 1016 St. Ednoth was martyred by the Danes.
ETHBIN, born in Britain to a noble family, and educated in Brittany by St. Samson (28th July) Bishop of Dol. Following his ordination to the Diaconate in A.D. 554 by St. Sampson, St. Ethbin entered Taurac Abbey where he remained until its sack by the Franks in A.D. 556. He then went to Ireland where he spent the rest of his life as a hermit in a forest near Kildare. St. Ethbin reposed circa A.D. 625.
EUSTERIUS, (Fifth Century), the fourth Bishop of Salerno. No further details are extant.
FRIDESWIDE, the patron saint of the city and University of Oxford. We are entirely dependent on a brief account by William of Malmesbury, and two twelfth century Lives for any information on her life. According to these, St. Frideswide was the daughter of Didanus, ‘King of Oxford’, and following the death of her mother, while St. Frideswide was still a child, she received monastic tonsure and entered the double monastery of St. Mary the Virgin which had been founded by her father, serving as its first Abbess. The Lives also report she was miraculously transported to Bampton Oxfordshire, where she hid for three years, to escape the amorous attentions of Algar of Leciester. During this time, Algar is said to have tried to storm Oxford, it is assumed to take St. Frideswide, but was struck dead at the town gates. St. Frideswide then returned to Oxford, and continued to serve as Abbess until her repose in either A.D. 727 or 735. St. Frideswide is also believed to have spent some time at Binsey, near Oxford, where a holy well appeared in answer to her prayers. At some point following her repose her monastery came to be called after her, and there was a shrine containing her relics. The monastery was destroyed in A.D. 1002 during the St. Brice’s Day massacre. Subsequent monastic houses at the site maintained a shrine for her relics though during the Reformation, the Dissolution of the Monasteries, and after her shrine was repeatedly vandalised and the ultimate disposition of her relics is debated. The present-day Cathedral Church of Christ which is both the chapel of the Oxford college Christ Church, as well as the cathedral of the Church of England diocese of Oxford is located on the site of St. Frideswide’s monastery. Though her feast was abolished during the Reformation, it remained on the Oxford University Calendar, and a service attended by University and civic dignitaries is held on, or near 19th October.
Troparion of St. Frideswide — Tone V
Come, let us solemnly rejoice today,
and let us laud the virtues and struggles of the most splendid luminary of the Western lands:
Frideswide, great among ascetics, the most praiseworthy instructor of nuns,
who watcheth over us from her dwelling-place on high;
for the Lord hath truly made her wondrous among His saints.
By her supplications may He save our souls.
LAURA, born in Cordoba, she became a nun at Cuteclara following the death of her husband, eventually becoming Abbess. One of the Martyrs of Cordoba, St. Laura was thrown into a cauldron of molten lead by the Moors in A.D. 864.
LUPUS of SOISSONS, a nephew of St. Remigius of Rheims (1st October), St. Lupus served as thirteenth Bishop of Soissons from A.D. 505 until his repose circa A.D. 540.
PTOLEMY and LUCIUS, martyred circa A.D. 165 in Rome under Antoninus Pius. Ptolemy was put to death for baptising a woman. Lucius and an unnamed man protested the sentence, declared Christians, and were also martyred. Their martyrdom was recorded by St. Justin the Philosopher (1st June).
THEOFRID (THEOFROY, CHAIFRE), a monk and later abbot of Calmeliac, near Le Puy in present-day France. St. Theofrid was beaten to death by invading Moors in A.D. 728.
VERANUS, a Bishop of Cavaillon who reposed in A.D. 590. He is remembered for his charitable works and patronage of monasteries in his See. St. Gregory of Tours (17th November) related several miracles performed by St. Veranus, including driving out a dragon.