Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
19th June (NS) — 6th June (OS) 2020
ALEXANDER of FIESOLE, a Bishop of Fiesole in Tuscany (Italy) who fought the Lombard Kings incursions into control of the Church. His defence of the Church cost St. Alexander his life, when allies of the secular authorities drowned him in 590.
AMANTIUS, ALEXANDER, and COMPANIONS of NOYON, (Date Unknown), according to tradition these martyrs were four brothers from Cannes (France) who converted to Christianity, and were later ordained to the priesthood. St. Amantius was consecrated Bishop of Noyon (France), with his brothers joined him to serve as priests in his diocese. All were martyred, it is thought together, and possibly with several others, during a localised persecution, perhaps in the second century.
ARTEMIUS, CANDIDA, and PAULINA of ROME, St. Artemius a gaoler in a Roman prison along with his wife St. Candida, and their daughter St. Paulina, were catechised by St. Peter the Exorcist (2nd June) and baptised by St. Marcellinus (2nd June). All were martyred in 302; St. Artemius was beheaded, and SS. Candida and Paulina were buried alive under a pile of stones.
CERATIUS of GRENOBLE, a Bishop of Grenoble (south-eastern France) in the mid-fifth century St. Ceratius was an attendee at the First Council of Orange in 441. Several legends about St. Ceratius that have developed over the years, of which there is a complete lack of supporting evidence.
CLAUDIUS (CLAUDE) of BESANÇON, a priest-monk and Abbot of the Abbey of St. Eugendus (abbaye Saint-Oyand de Joux — Condat Abbey) in present-day Saint-Claude in the Jura Mountains of France. He was consecrated Bishop of Besançon in 685, and resigned in 692 to live out the rest of his life at his abbey. St. Claudius reposed circa 699, later the Abbey of Saint-Oyand de Joux was renamed the Abbey of Saint-Claude.
COCCA (CUCCA, CUACH) of KILCOCK, (Date Unknown), St. Cocca is the patron saint of Kilcock (from Irish Cill Choca, meaning “Coca's cell”) in the north of Co. Kildare, Ireland. Whilst no reliable information on her life remains, legend has it she was a sister of St. Kevin of Glendalough (3rd June), and an embroiderer of church vestments, including those for St. Columba of Iona (9th June).
EUSTORGIUS II of MILAN, consecrated the twenty-fifth Bishop of Milan (northern Italy) in 512, during the six years of his episcopacy, St. Eustorgius spent copious amounts of money to ransom Christians who had been taken prisoners during the wars of that era. St. Eustorgius reposed in 518.
GUDWALL (CURVAL, GURVAL), St. Gudwall was a Welsh bishop who founded monasteries in Devon and Cornwall (England). According to many sources he is the St. Gurval who succeeded St. Malo (15th November) as Bishop of Aleth in Brittany (France). St. Gudwall's relics are enshrined in Ghent in Belgium.
JARLATH of TUAM, St. Jarlath was the first Bishop of Tuam, Co. Galway in Ireland. After studying under St. Benignus of Armagh (9th November) he founded a monastery which soon attracted students from all over Ireland, including SS. Brendan the Voyager (16th May) and Colman of Cloyne (24th November). According to the Félire Óengusso St. Jarlath was notable for his fasting, and mortification, and was endowed with the gift of prophecy. St. Jarlath reposed circa 550.
JOHN of VERONA, (Seventh Century), the successor of St. Maurus of Verona (21st November) as Bishop of Verona in the Veneto region of Italy. No further information on St. John is extant.
VINCENT of BEVAGNA, the first Bishop of Bevagna in Umbria (Italy), St. Vincent was martyred in 303 during the Diocletianic Persecution.
DEODATUS (DIÉ, DIDIER, DIEU-DONNÉ, ADÉODAT) of NEVERS, a Bishop of Nevers in present-day France, and founder of a monastery at Ebersheim Münster near Strasbourg (eastern France). St. Deodatus resigned his See to live as an anchorite in the Vosges Mountains (eastern France). A community formed around him, and he then founded and served as Abbot of the monastery of Val-de-Galilée - Jointures. St. Deodatus reposed circa 680, the town which had grown around his monastery is called St. Dié in his honour.
GAUDENTIUS, CULMATIUS, and COMPANIONS of AREZZO, martyred in 364 at Arezzo in Tuscany (central Italy) during the reign of Emperor Valentinian I (r. 364–375). St. Gaudentius, was a bishop, and St. Culmatius, his deacon, along with them were some fifty-three fellow Christians whose names are no longer known.
GERVASE and PROTASE, Protomartyrs of Milan, (Second Century), twin brothers and the sons of SS. Valeria and Vitalis of Milan (28th April). St. Ambrose of Milan (7th December) was in 386 guided by a vision to their grave, and though there no longer is anything remembered about them, other than they were early martyrs, St. Ambrose called them the 'Protomartyrs of Milan'.
HILDEGRIN of CHÂLONS-SUR-MARNE, a younger brother of St. Ludger of Utrecht (26th March), and fellow-worker with St. Ludger in enlightening the Saxons. St. Hildegrin was consecrated Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne (present-day Châlons-en-Champagne in eastern France) circa 802–804, serving until 810 when he resigned to succeed his brother as Abbot of Werden Abbey (Kloster Werden) in present-day Essen, Germany. St. Hildegrin reposed circa 827.
INNOCENT of LE MANS, a Bishop of Le Mans (north-western France) for over four decades, St. Innocent was held in high esteem by his flock, and greatly venerated following his repose in 559.
ROMUALD of RAVENNA, an Italian nobleman, St. Romuald once acted as second for his father in a duel in which his father killed his opponent. Seeking to repent for his actions, St. Romuald received monastic tonsure at a monastery in Classe, just outside of Ravenna (northern Italy), and served as its Abbot from 996 until resigning in 999. Following his resignation St. Romuald devoted the next fourteen years to building several hermitages and monasteries around central and northern Italy, the best known one being in Camaldoli near Arezzo, in Tuscany (central Italy). He then retired to live as hermit for the rest of his years, reposing in 1027.
ZOSIMUS of UMBRIA, martyred by beheading in 110 in Umbria (central Italy), during Emperor Trajan’s (r. 98–117) persecution of Christians.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.