Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
18th October (NS) — 5th October (OS)
5th October O.S.
ALEXANDER, (Third Century), one of the countless number martyred in Trier by the Prefect Rictiovarus during the reign of Emperor Diocletian (A.D. 284 – 305).
APOLLINARIS (AIPLONAY), a member of a prominent Gallo-Roman family, and elder brother of St. Avitus of Vienne (5th February). St. Apollinaris served as the fifth Bishop of Valence in Burgundy from 486 until his repose circa 520.
ATTILANUS, a native of Tarazona near Saragossa in Spain, who worked with his friend St. Froilan (3rd October) to revitalise monastic life at Moreruela Abbey close to Zamora in Castile. St. Attilanus was consecrated Bishop of Zamora on Pentecost, 990, and reposed 1009.
AYMARD, the third Abbot of Cluny (A.D. 942 – circa 952). Succeeding St. Odo (11th May), St. Aymard ruled Cluny for about ten years before blindness led him to resign in favour of St. Majolus (11th May). St. Aymard reposed 965.
BONIFACE, (Third Century), another of the countless martyrs in Trier under the orders of Prefect Rictiovarus during the reign of Emperor Diocletian (A.D. 284 – 305).
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
FIRMATUS and FLAVIANA, (Date Unknown), St. Firmatus, a deacon, and St. Flaviana, a virgin, are venerated at Auxerre in France. Whilst mentioned in the Martyrologium Hieronymianum, there is other no information about them extant. It is possible they may even be two of the companions of St. Placidus (vide infra #Placidus), some of whose relics appear to have been brought to France at some point.
GALLA, according to St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September), St. Galla was a wellborn lady who was widowed in the first year of marriage. St. Galla then founded a monastery and hospital on the Vatican Hill, where she led the life of an anchoress, until her repose from cancer circa 550.
MAGDALVEUS (MADALVEUS, MAUVÉ), a monk at St. Vannes who returned to his birth place of Verdun circa 736 to serve as the twenty-fifth Bishop of that See. As Bishop St. Magdalveus urged both the clergy and laity in his care to receive the Sacrament of Confession, and regularly attend Liturgy with appropriate reverence. He reposed circa 776.
MARCELLINUS of RAVENNA, either the second or third Bishop of Ravenna, and said by some to have been a wonderworker. Most sources place him in the second half of the third century A.D.
MEINULPH, a nobleman and godson of Charlemagne, he founded of the monastery of Böddeken in Westphalia. It is said that he chose the location for the monastery after seeing a stag with a cross in its antlers there. St. Meinulph reposed circa 857 at Böddeken.
PALMATIUS and COMPANIONS, (Third Century), a large group numbered amongst those martyred in Trier by order of the Prefect Rictiovarus during the reign of Emperor Diocletian (A.D. 284 – 305).
18th October N.S.
BROTHEN and GWENDOLEN, (Sixth Century), beyond their names and records of the local cultus we know nothing of the Lives of SS. Brothen and Gwendolen. St. Brothen is patron saint of Llanfrothen, Gwynedd, Wales where the church is dedicated to him. Both Llanwyddelan, Powys and Dolwyddelan (Welsh for the meadow of Gwendolen), Clwyd, Wales derive their names from St. Gwendolen.
GWEN, this St. Gwen was the daughter of Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April), and the sister of St. Cledwyn (1st November). She was martyred by pagan Saxons at Talgarth, Powys, Wales on 18th October, A.D. 492.
Troparion of St. Gwen — Tone IV
O Brychan’s jewel and holy daughter, most pious Gwena,
Thou didst defy the heathen Saxons, thereby winning a martyr’s crown.
Being, therefore, numbered among the saints,
Intercede for us before the Throne of Grace,
that we may be granted great mercy.
GWEN, (Fifth Century), the Lives of the two St. Gwens commemorated on this day are often intertwined, and there is little in the way of reliable information on this St. Gwen. It is believed she was the sister of St. Non (3rd March), which would make her the aunt of St. David (1st March), it has also been claimed she was the mother of SS. Cybi (8th November) and Cadfan (1st November).
JUSTUS of BEAUVAIS, a nine-year-old child from Auxerre traveling with his father to Amiens to ransom a family member. This was during the height of the Diocletianic Persecution, and when soldiers confronted them at Beauvais, St. Justus confessed to being a Christian and was beheaded on the spot. One legend states that St. Justus stood upright and picked up his head, at which sight the soldiers fled. A.D. 285.
MONON (MUNO), a hermit in the Ardennes Forest, originally from Scotland or Ireland. St. Monon was martyred by bandits circa A.D. 645 near Nassogne in present-day Belgium.
TRYPHONIA, (Fifth Century), a Roman widow and martyr. According to one tradition she may have been the widow of the Christian persecutor, Emperor Trajanus Decius or the widow of his son.