Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
18th June (NS) — 5th June (OS) 2020
ADALAR (ADALHER) of ERFURT, fellow worker with St. Boniface of Mainz (vide infra) in the evangelisation of Friesland (northern Netherlands). St. Adalar was martyred in 755, along with St. Boniface, at Dokkum in Friesland.
BONIFACE of MAINZ, Enlightener of Germany, following education at monasteries at Exeter and Winchester (England), and numerous years as a monastic, St. Boniface, responding to a missionary calling, left England in 716 to evangelise Friesland (northern Netherlands). Several years later, Pope St. Gregory II (11th February) consecrated St. Boniface bishop (later elevating him to Archbishop, and then Metropolitan beyond the Rhine River) and charged him with the conversion of the Germanic peoples. St. Boniface established his See at Mainz (Germany), and for over twenty years, blessed by God, St. Boniface brought many to Christ. He then resigned his See and returned to Friesland to finish the work he had begun decades earlier. At Dokkum in Friesland, St. Boniface and fifty-two of his companions, including SS. Adalar (vide supra), and Eoban (vide infra), were martyred in 755 by pagans they were trying to convert. St. Boniface was interred at Fulda Abbey, in the present-day German state of Hesse.
EOBAN, an Irishman and member of SS. Willibrord of Echternach (7th November) and Boniface of Mainz's (vide supra) mission to Friesland (northern Netherlands). Appointed Bishop of Utrecht (central Netherlands) by St. Boniface, St. Eoban was one of the martyrs along with SS. Boniface (vide supra) and Adalar (vide supra) in 755 at Dokkum, Friesland.
FELIX of FRITZLAR, a monk at the Abbey of St. Peter (Kloster St. Peter) in Fritzlar (in present-day nothern Hesse, Germany) and contemporary of St. Boniface of Mainz (vide supra). St. Felix was martyred circa 790 by a pagan mob.
Let us stand fast in what is right and prepare our souls for trial. . . . Let us be neither dogs that do not bark nor silent onlookers nor paid servants who run away before the wolf. – St. Boniface
FLORENTIUS, JULIAN, CYRIACUS, MARCELLINUS, and FAUSTINUS (Martyrs of Perugia), a group of martyrs who were beheaded in 250 at Perugia during the Decian Persecution.
MEINWERK of PADERBORN, a member of the House of Immedinger, St. Meinwerk held several ecclesiastical positions, including Chaplain to the Court of Holy Roman Emperor Otto III (r. 996–1002), prior to being consecrated Bishop of Paderborn (in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany), in 1009. During the twenty-seven years St. Meinwerk served the See of Paderborn, he undertook many construction projects, building monasteries and churches, which earned him the sobriquet ‘the Builder Bishop'. St. Meinwerk reposed in 1036, and was buried in the crypt of the church at Abdinghof Abbey in Paderborn.
SANCTIUS (SANCHO, SANCIUS) of CÓRDOBA, a life-long Christian and native of Gaul (France) captured during war with the Moors. St. Sanctius was taken to Córdoba where he was educated at the court of Emir Abd ar-Rahman II (r. 822–852) and then enrolled in the Emir’s Guards. St. Sanctius was martyred in 851 by impalement for his refusal to convert to Islam.
TUDNO of CAERNARVON, St. Tudno was a sixth century Welsh saint for whom Llandudno in Gwynedd, Wales is named. No other information on his life is extant.
WACCAR, GUNDEKAR, ELLEHER, and HATHAWULF, monks and members of the group working with St. Boniface (vide supra) they were martyred at Dokkum, Friesland (northern Netherlands) in 754.
ALENA of DILBEEK, raised a pagan in Dilbeek on the outskirts of present-day Brussels, Belgium. Unbeknownst to her parents St. Alena converted to Christianity. St. Alena’s father found out about her conversion, and one day as she was on her way to Mass, St. Alena was waylaid by guards her father had dispatched to intercept her and return her to the family home. St. Alena resisted, and the guards killed her, circa 640.
AMANDUS of BORDEAUX, consecrated the third Bishop of Bordeaux (south-western France) circa 404, St. Amandus resigned six years later and was succeeded by St. Severinus of Bordeaux (23rd October). However, upon the repose of St. Severinus in 420, St. Amandus returned to the See. Much of the extant information on St. Amandus’ life is from the works of St. Paulinus of Nola (22nd June) who was a catechumen of St. Amandus and later his spiritual child. St. Amandus reposed circa 431.
CALOGERUS the ANCHORITE, a native of Greece who lived his last thirty-five years as a hermit, and noted exorcist, near Girgenti in Sicily. St. Calogerus reposed circa 486.
CYRIACUS and PAULA of MÁLAGA, two Christians who circa 305, were stoned to death at Málaga (southern Spain) during the Diocletianic Persecution. No further information is extant.
FORTUNATUS the PHILOSOPHER, driven from his See in northern Italy, St. Fortunatus settled in Gaul (France) at Chelles, near Paris. He reposed circa 569.
GREGORY, DEMETRIUS, and CALOGERUS of FRAGALATA, (Fifth Century), exiled from their home in North Africa by Arian Vandals. SS. Gregory, a bishop; Demetrius, an archdeacon; and Calogerus, a monk; took up residence in Fragalata near Messina in Sicily and spent the rest of their days evangelising the area.
GUY of BAUME, a monk at the Abbey of St. Peter of Baume-les-Messieurs (abbaye Saint-Pierre de Baume-les-Messieurs) in the French Jura, who succeeded St. Berno of Cluny (13th January) as Abbot of Baume in 925. St. Guy resigned his abbacy circa 940 to live as a hermit, reposing later that year.
MARK and MARCELLIAN, convert twin brothers and sons of St. Tranquillinus of Rome (6th July). They were arrested during the reign of Emperor Maximian (r. 286–305). Sentenced to death, pagan relatives managed to have their execution delayed in the hopes they might entice SS. Mark and Marcellian to return to paganism. The entreaties fell on deaf ears as the saints refused to renounce Christ, and were martyred, circa 287.
OSMANNA (OSANNA) of NORTHUMBRIA, (Seventh or Eighth Century), many martyrologies conflate the two St. Osmannas venerated today. The first, St. Osmanna of Northumbria, was a Northumbrian princess, possibly a daughter of Aldfrith, King of Northumbria (r. 685–704/5) and St. Cuthburh (31st August). Following her repose St. Osmanna was buried at Hoveden (present-day Howden, Yorkshire, England). Miracles have been reported at her tomb.
OSMANNA (OSANNA) of JOUARRE, this St. Osmanna was also from the British Isles, and possibly a member of one of the royal families. She moved from Britain to Gaul (France), where she received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of Our Lady of Jouarre (abbaye Notre-Dame de Jouarre) in Jouarre (north-central France), and lived there until her repose circa 700.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.