Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
16th May (NS) — 3rd May (OS)
3rd May O.S.
ADALSINDIS of BÈZE, a sister of St. Waldalenus (15th May), and abbess of a convent near Bèze in Burgundy (France). St. Adalsindis reposed circa 680.
ÆTHELWINE (ETHELWINE, ETHELWIN, ELWIN) of LINDSEY, (Eighth Century), the second Bishop of Lindsey, and a devoted friend of St. Ecgberht (24th April). St. Elwin resigned his See at the beginning of the eighth century and accompanied St. Egbert to Ireland, reposing shortly thereafter.
ALDWYN of PARTNEY, (Eighth Century), St. Aldwyn was an Abbot of Partney in the present-day East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. Nothing further is known of this saint.
ALEXANDER I, sixth Pope of Rome from circa 108 until his martyrdom circa 116–119. Pope St. Alexander baptised St. Balbina of Rome (31st March), and whilst imprisoned and awaiting execution, converted the fellow captives who are commemorated as the Martyrs of Ostia on 10th April.
ALEXANDER, EVENTIUS, and THEODULUS, Martyrs of Rome, three martyred priests who were burned and beheaded in Rome circa 113. Their relics were later interred in the church of Santa Sabina in Rome.
ANSFRIED (ANSFRID, ANSFRIDUS) of UTRECHT, a Count of Brabant, Courtier, and soldier for Holy Roman Emperors Otto III (r. 996–1002) and Henry II (r. 1014–1024). In his mid-thirties, St. Ansfrid, feeling a call to monastic life, founded the Abbey of St. Michael (Thorn Abbey / abdij van Thorn / Stift Thorn) in Limburg (present-day Netherlands) for his wife and daughter. He then founded the Abbey of St. Michael in Heiligenberg near present-day Leusden, the Netherlands (moved circa 1050 to Utrecht and re-named St. Paul’s Abbey) with a view to settling there and living out his days as a monk. However, Emperor Otto III had different plans and made St. Ansfrid nineteenth Archbishop of Utrecht. Towards the end of his life, St. Ansfrid became blind, retired to Heiligenberg Abbey, and finished his life as a monk. St. Ansfridus reposed in 1010.
GLUVIAS (GLYWYS), (Sixth Century), St. Gluvias was a son of SS. Gwynllyw (29th March), King of Glywysing in South Wales, and Gwladus (Gladys) (29th March), and a brother of St. Cadoc (24th January). He was also a grandson of King St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April), and a nephew of St. Petroc (4th June). St. Gluvias founded a monastery in Cornwall England where there is a church dedicated to him.
JUVENAL of NARNI, the first Bishop of Narni, in present-day Umbria, Italy. St. Juvenal reposed circa 373, it is possible he was martyred, but records are vague.
PHILIP of ZELL, an Anglo-Saxon pilgrim, who returning from Rome, settled as a hermit near Worms in present-day Rhineland-Palatinate Germany. St. Philip reposed circa 770.
SCANNAL, a disciple of St. Columba of Iona (9th June) and missionary in Cell-Coleraine, Co. Londonderry, Ireland. St. Scannal was remarkable for his zeal and success in evangelisation, he reposed circa 563.
16th May N.S.
ANNOBERT (ALNOBERTUS, ALNOBERT) of SÉEZ, a monk at the Abbey of Our Lady of Almenèches (abbaye Notre-Dame de Almenèches) in Normandy (France). St. Annobert was consecrated Bishop of Séez, also in Normandy, circa 685, and reposed circa 689.
Prayer of St. Brendan the Voyager
Shall I abandon, O King of mysteries, the soft comforts of home?
Shall I turn my back on my native land, and turn my face towards the sea?
Shall I put myself wholly at Thy mercy, without silver, without a horse,
without fame, without honour?
O King of the Glorious Heaven, shall I go of my own choice upon the sea?
O Christ, wilt Thou help me on the wild waves?
Troparion of St. Brendan the Voyager — Tone IV
The Divine Likeness has been perfected in thee, O holy Father Brendan,
For taking up the Cross thou hast followed Christ,
And by thy deeds thou hast taught us to disdain the flesh for it passes away,
But to cultivate the soul for it is immortal:
Wherefore, O holy father, thy spirit rejoices with the Angels.
BRENDAN the VOYAGER (the NAVIGATOR), our venerable and God-bearing father Brendan the Voyager, was an Irish monk, and quite possibly the first orthodox Christian to set foot on North American soil. St. Brendan is known in Western Christianity as St. Brendan the Navigator. After founding several monasteries in Ireland, including the famous Abbeys of Ardfert in Co. Kerry and Clonfert in Co. Galway, and authoring a monastic Rule remarkable for its austerity, he embarked upon numerous missionary and pastoral travels to Scotland and perhaps Wales. According to an anonymous Hiberno-Latin work, probably from the ninth century, entitled Navigatio Sancti Brendani Abbatis, St. Brendan, accompanied by a group of monks, sailed west to what many believe might very well have been North America. One of the questions as to the veracity of the story is whether a boat such as the one St. Brendan used would be capable of sailing from Ireland to North America. However, in 1976, British explorer Tim Severin built a replica of the boat St. Brendan would have used, and over two summers sailed from Ireland via the Hebrides, Faroe Islands and Iceland to Newfoundland to demonstrate that the saint's purported voyage was feasible. St. Brendan reposed circa 578 at Annaghdown (Eanach Dhúin), in Co. Galway, Ireland, and was buried in Clonfert Cathedral. He is venerated as the patron saint of sailors, and numbered amongst the ‘Twelve Apostles of Ireland’.
CARANTAC (CARANTOG, CAIMACH, CARNATH), (Fifth Century), St. Carantac was a Welsh prince and disciple of St. Patrick (17th March) with whom he worked in the evangelisation of Ireland in the fifth century. There are sources who consider St. Carantac and St. Carantog to have been two separate saints, however there is insufficient information extant to support this opinion.
CARANTOC, (Sixth Century), St. Carantoc, a Welsh abbot, is credited with founding the church of Llangranog, around which the village of Llangranog, Ceredigion, Wales grew. There are several legends that connect this St. Carantoc with Cornwall and Somerset in England, as well as Brittany, however, there is little information to support these theories, and what does exist seems to be unreliable.
DOMNOLUS of LE MANS, an Abbot of St. Laurent Abbey (abbaye Saint-Laurent) in Paris (France). In 543 St. Domnolus was consecrated Bishop of Cenómano, Neustria (present-day Le Mans, France). Well-loved for his sanctity and holiness of life, and care for his flock, St. Domnolus founded monasteries, churches, and hospitals throughout his See. He also had a prominent role at the Second Council of Tours, held in 566. St. Domnolus reposed circa 581.
FELIX and GENNADIUS of UZALIS, (Date Unknown), two martyrs whose relics were enshrined in Uzalis, Africa Proconsularis (present-day El Alia, Tunisia). No further information about them is extent.
FIDOLUS (PHAL) of AUMONT, the son of a government official in Auvergne (France) who was kidnapped by soldiers of the army of Clovis I, King of the Franks, (r. 481–511) and sold into slavery. St. Fidolus was ransomed by Aventinus, Abbot of Aumont in the present-day village of Saint-Phal, whom he later succeeded as abbot. Following St. Fidolus’ repose, circa 540, the Abbey was re-named Saint-Phal in his honour.
FORT of BORDEAUX, (First Century?), traditionally considered the first Bishop of Bordeaux (France). St. Fort is thought to have been martyred along with an unknown number of fellow Christians.
FRANCOVEUS (FRANCHY), a seventh century monk at the Abbey of St. Martin de la Bretonnière (abbaye Saint-Martin de la Bretonnière in present-day Sainte-Marie, Nièvre, France. Following the destruction of the Abbey, St. Francoveus lived as a hermit near the former abbey.
GERMERIUS of TOULOUSE, consecrated seventh Bishop of Toulouse (south-west France) circa 510. St. Germerius served that See for fifty years, reposing circa 560.
HILARY of PAVIA, a Bishop of Pavia, just south of Milan (northern Italy). St. Hilary worked hard to protect his diocese from the Arian heresy. He reposed in 376.
HONORATUS (HONORIUS, HONORÉ) of AMIENS, the seventh Bishop of Amiens (northern France), St. Honoratus reposed circa 600. The rue Saint-Honoré in the first and eighth arrondissements of Paris are named in his honour.
MAXIMA of FRÉJUS, (Date Unknown), a maiden known for her holiness who lived in the area around Fréjus in the present-day Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region of France.
PEREGRINUS (PEREGRINE, PELLEGRINO) of AUXERRE, a Roman appointed by Pope St. Sixtus II (6th August) to serve as the first Bishop of Auxerre in Burgundy (France). According to the Martyrologium Hieronymianum St. Peregrinus was martyred at Bouhy in Burgundy circa 304 during the Diocletianic Persecution.
PEREGRINUS of TERNI, the first Bishop of Terni in Umbria (Italy). He was a diligent pastor to his flock and brought many people to Christ as well. The date of the repose of St. Peregrinus is variously given as circa 138, 261, or 273.
POSSIDIUS of CALAMA, a disciple and hagiographer of St. Augustine of Hippo (28th August) and later Bishop of Calama in Numidia (present-day Guelma, Algeria). St. Possidius played an important role in combatting the heresies of his day, which led to him being exiled by the Arian Vandals. St. Possidus spent the rest of his life in exile in the Apulia region of southern Italy, reposing circa 440.
PRIMAEL of QUIMPER, a native of Britain who went to Brittany (north-west France) where he lived as a hermit near Quimper. There are several churches in Brittany dedicated to him. St. Primael reposed circa 450.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.