Orthodox Saints of the Pre-Schism See of Rome
16th July (NS) — 3rd July (OS) 2020
BLADUS, (Date Unknown), St. Bladus is traditionally counted as one of the early bishops of the Isle of Man. Although he was venerated as a saint by his flock shortly after his repose, there is no longer any documentary evidence regarding his life extant.
BYBLIG (BIBLIG, PEBLIG, PIBLIG, PUBLICIUS), (Date Unknown), a holy man honoured in parts of Wales, however there is nothing certain known about him.
DATHUS (DATHIUS, DATUS) of RAVENNA, the eighth Bishop of Ravenna, in the present-day Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. It is said he was elected bishop when a dove miraculously appeared over his head. 190 is given as the year of his repose.
GERMANUS of MAN, not to be confused with his better-known namesake, St. Germanus of Auxerre (31st July), St. Germanus of Man was a monk traditionally counted amongst the nephews of St. Patrick of Ireland (17th March). Though there is no reliable information on his life extant, it is believed that after spending time in monasteries in Ireland, Wales, and Brittany (northern France), he was sent to the Isle of Man as a bishop. He reposed circa 474, and his memory is still kept in the British Isles in several place-names including Germain and Jarman.
GUNTHIERN, a Welsh prince who lived as an anchorite in Brittany (northern France). He reposed circa 500.
GUTHAGON, (Eighth Century), a native of Ireland, possibly a royal, who lived as an anchorite at Oostkerk in Flanders (Belgium).
HELIODORUS of ALTINUM, (Eighth Century), originally from Dalmatia (Croatia), and friend and benefactor of fellow countryman, St. Jerome (30th September). St. Heliodorus, is credited with being especially helpful with the logistics of producing the Vulgate translation of the Bible. He served for a while as Bishop of Altinum, a small town, since destroyed, near Venice (north-eastern Italy). St. Heliodorus is also remembered as a stalwart opponent of Arianism. The exact date of his repose is uncertain, he is recorded as assisting at the first Council of Aquileia in 381, and there is a letter extant from St. Jerome to him dated 396.
IRENAEUS and MUSTIOLA of CHIUSI, St. Irenaeus, was a deacon, and St. Mustiola, a noble lady seemingly related through marriage to Emperor Claudius II(r. 268–270). They were martyred in 273 at Chiusi in Tuscany (central Italy) for ministering to imprisoned Christians, and ensuring proper burials following their martyrdoms.
LEO II, a native of Sicily who was 80th Pope of Rome from 681 until his repose in 683. During his papacy, the former Pope Honorius I (r. 625–638) was censured by the Sixth Œcumenical Council for not denouncing Monothelitism. St. Leo is also credited as the author of several Liturgical Hymns.
DOMNIO of BERGAMO, an uncle of St. Eusebia of Bergamo (29th October). Like his niece, St. Domnio was martyred at Bergamo in Lombardy (north-west Italy) by beheading during the Diocletianic Persecution (late third century).
GENEROSUS of POITOU, the Abbot of the Abbey of Saint-Jouin-de-Marnes in Poitou present-day south-western France. St. Generosus reposed circa 682.
HELIER of JERSEY, (Sixth Century), A native of Tongres in present-day Belgium, St. Helier went to Jersey in the Channel Islands where he lived as a hermit. He was martyred by the heathens he was endeavouring to convert to Christianity. St. Helier is the patron saint of Jersey and the capital, St. Helier, takes its name from him.
IRMENGARD, a great-granddaughter of Charlemagne, King of the Franks (r. 768–814), St. Irmengard served the Abbess of the Imperial Abbey of Buchau (Reichsstift Buchau) in Swabia (south-western Germany), and later the Imperial Abbey of Frauenchiemsee in Bavaria (southern Germany). St. Irmengard reposed in 866.
REINELDIS (RAINELDIS, REINALDES), GONDOLF, and GRIMOALD of SAINTES, Martyrs of Saintes, a nun at Saintes in Flanders (present-day Halle Belgium), daughter of St. Amalburga of Mauberge (10th July) and sister of St. Gudula of Brussels (8th January). St. Reineldis was martyred together with SS. Gondolf and Grimoald by the Huns circa 680.
SISENANDUS (SISENANDO) of CÓRDOBA, Martyr of Córdoba, a deacon in Córdoba. In 851, St. Sisenandus was beheaded after being charged with blasphemy during the reign of Emir Abd ar-Rahman II (r. 822–852).
TENENAN of LÉON, (Seventh Century), there is little information on this Saint extant, and that which is available is murky and not all that reliable. It seems he was originally from the British Isles and that he went to Brittany (north-western France), where he lived as an anchorite. At some point St. Tenenan was consecrated Bishop of Léon (south-western France). His relics were enshrined in Plabennec (Brittany).
VALENTINE of TREVES, according to the Roman Martyrology St. Valentine was an early fourth century Bishop of Treves (present-day Trier in Germany’s Rhineland-Palatinate). His absence from lists of prelates of that See have led many contemporary scholars to hypothesise that he is likely to be have been the Valentine who was Bishop of Tongeren and Maastricht (south-west Netherlands). Both are said to have been martyred circa 305, during the Diocletianic Persecution.
VITALIAN of OSIMO, an eighth century Bishop of Osimo in the Italian province of Ancona, who served that See for over three decades. St. Vitalian reposed in 776.
VITALIAN of CAPUA, (Date Unknown), a Bishop of Capua in Campania (southern Italy). No further information on his life is extant.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
In many cases there are several spelling versions of the names of saints from the British Isles. I use the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography version as the primary version with the more prevalent version in parenthesis e.g. Ceadda (Chad) of Lichfield.