Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
15th April (NS) — 2nd April (OS)
2nd April O.S.
ABUNDIUS, originally from Thessalonica, Greece, St. Abundius was the fourth Bishop of Como (northern Italy). His reputation as a theologian led Pope St. Leo the Great (10th November) to appoint him Papal Legate to the Fourth Ecumenical Council in Chalcedon in 451 St. Abundius reposed in 469.
BRONACH (BROMANA), (Date Unknown), We have neither dates nor particulars concerning this saint, though she is listed in the Martyrologies of Tallaght and Donegal. The Félire Óengusso (Martyrology of Ængus) lists her as the mother of St. Moeliai (23rd June). St. Bronach is sometimes called the Virgin of Glen-Seichis, Glen-Seichis being the earlier name of Kilbrony or Kilbronach in Co. Down, Ireland, which takes its present name from her. A high cross made of Mourne granite stands over the traditional site of her grave in the old cemetery.
CONSTANTINE, King St. Constantine II of Scotland was killed in battle against heathen invaders in 874, and is venerated locally as a martyr. He was buried at Iona.
LONOCHILUS (LONGIS, LENOGISIL) and AGNOFLEDA, St. Lonochilus was a priest-monk and founder of a monastery in Maine (present-day France), who reposed in 653. St. Agnofleda was a nun in the same area who reposed in 638. Nothing further is known of their lives.
MUSA, (Sixth Century), St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September) wrote of St. Muse, a child in Rome who was granted the gift of visions and mystical experiences.
NICETIUS (NIZIER), succeeding his uncle, St. Sacerdos (12th September), as Bishop of Lyons (present-day France) in 553, St. Niceties served that See until his repose in 573.
RUFUS, (Date Unknown), St. Rufus was a hermit at St. Kevin’s (3rd June) “monastic city” in Glendalough (present-day Co. Wicklow Ireland). His relics are entombed in the main church. According to the noted hagiographer and historian John Colgan O.F.M. (†c. 1657), St. Rufus was consecrated a bishop before his repose, though there is no other information extant to support this assertion.
URBAN of LANGRES, the sixth Bishop of Langres from 374 until his repose circa 390. His episcopacy coincided with a period of persecution of Christians, and at one point St. Urban was forced to hide in a vineyard. During this time he converted many of the vineyard’s workers.
15th April N.S.
ANASTASIA and BASILISSA (VASILISSA), members of the Imperial Roman nobility, who were converted by the Apostles Peter and Paul (29th June). Following the Apostles martyrdom, SS. Anastasia and Basilissa secretly buried their bodies. When this came to the attention of the authorities, SS. Anastasia and Basilissa were arrested, brutally tortured, and finally beheaded, circa 68.
EUTYCHIUS, (Date Unknown), a martyr in Ferentino in Roman Campagna.
HUNNA, the daughter of a duke and wife of a nobleman in Alsace (France), who devoted herself to serving the poor women of Strasbourg (Alsace, France). St. Hunna reposed in 679.
LAURENTINUS SOSSIUS, a five-year-old boy who was martyred on Good Friday in Valrovina near Vicenza (Italy) in 485.
MARO, EUTYCHES, and VICTORINUS, companions of St. Flavia Domitilla (12th May), whom they accompanied in exile to the Island of Pandataria (from the Ancient Greek Πανδατερία) in the Tyrrhenian Sea. They were later taken to Rome where they were martyred circa 99.
MUNDUS (MUNDE, MUND, MOND), an Abbot of a great monastery in Argyle, Scotland. St. Mundus was known for leading a prayerful and austere life, and also admired for his zealous missionary work. He founded several monasteries in Argyle as well. St. Mundus reposed circa 962.
NIDGER (NIDGAR, NITGAR), an Abbot of Ottobeuren in Bavaria (Germany), who then served as the sixteenth Bishop of Augsburg (Bavaria, Germany), from 822 until his repose circa 829.
PATERNUS (PADARN), There are several saints named Paternus, and it is difficult to separate the various Lives and legends. It seems this St. Paternus was born in Brittany (France), studied in Ireland, and then went to Wales where he co-founded the monastery of Llanbadarn Fawr near Aberystwyth. It is probable that in later life he went to Normandy (France) where he was consecrated Bishop of Avranches. St. Paternus was known for his care of the poor as much as for the austerity of his life, and reposed circa 550.
PATERNUS (PERN), a late fifth century–early sixth century Bishop of Vannes in Brittany (France). As stated in the previous entry, it is almost impossible to untangle the lives of the several SS. Paternus.
RUADAN (RUADHAN, RODAN), Another saint who is counted amongst the 'Twelve Apostles of Ireland', St. Ruandan was a leading disciple of St. Finian of Clonard (12th December). He founded the monastery of Lothra in North Tipperary, which grew to over one hundred and fifty monks under his leadership. English Roman Catholic priest and renowned hagiographer Fr. Alban Butler (†1773) states St. Ruandan was consecrated a bishop, though he mentions no See and there is no other record of consecration. St. Ruadan reposed in 584.
SILVESTER, an (possibly second) Abbot of the Abbey of Moutier-Saint-Jean of Réôme (abbaye de Moutiers-Saint-Jean) near Dijon in Burgundy (France) in the early seventh century St. Silvester reposed circa 625.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.