Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
14th June (NS) — 1st June (OS)
1st June O.S.
ATTO of OCA, a monk at Oña in Old Castile (Spain), where he was a disciple of St. Iñigo (vide infra). St. Atto later served as Bishop of Oca-Valpuesta (Spain), reposing circa 1044.
CAPRASIUS of LÉRINS, a hermit on the Île de Saint-Honorat, one of the Lérins Islands in the Mediterranean Ocean off the Côte d’Azur in present-day France. There he was joined there by SS. Venantius (30th May) and Honoratus (16th January). Later all three spent time living and studying in monastic communities in Greece, Egypt, and the Holy Land. St. Caprasius succeeded St. Honoratus as Abbot of the Abbey of Our Lady of Lérins (abbaye Notre Dame de Lérins) when St. Honoratus was consecrated Bishop of Arles (southern France). St. Caprasius reposed circa 430.
CLARUS (CLAIR) of AQUITAINE, (Fifth Century), the first Bishop of Aquitaine (south-western France). All that is known of this saint is based upon pious legends as there is no contemporaneous documentation of his life. St. Clarus was martyred whilst attempting to convert the local pagans. His relics are enshrined in the Cathédrale Saint-Gervais-et-Saint-Protais de Lectoure (Lectoure Cathedral) in present-day south-western France.
CRESCENTIUS (CRESCENTIAN), said to have been an Imperial Roman soldier and convert to Christianity, who was martyred by pagans in 303 near Città di Castello in Umbria (Italy), during the Diocletianic Persecution. However, it is highly possible St. Crescentius is entirely apocryphal.
FELINUS and GRATIAN, two soldiers in the imperial army who were martyred in 250 at Perugia during the Decian Persecution.
"Is this not the task of philosophy to enquire about the divine?" --Saint Justin the Philosopher.
FORTUNATUS of SPOLETO, a parish priest near Spoleto in Umbria (Italy), and wonderworker. St. Fortunatus was also known for his skills as a pastor, and care for the destitute. He reposed circa 400.
GAUDENTIUS of OSSERO, consecrated Bishop of Ossero in Istria (present-day Croatia) in 1030. Having been slandered by some of the area’s nobility, St. Gaudentius went to Rome to defend himself against the charges. As he was returning to his See, St. Gaudentius fell ill in Ancona in the Marches (Italy). After recovering he resigned his See (1032) and spent the rest of his life as a monk, reposing in 1044.
IÑIGO (EÑECO), the second Abbot of the Monastery of Holy Saviour of Oña (monasterio de San Salvador de Oña), in the Kingdom of Castile (Spain). Known for his sanctity of life and wonderworking, St. Iñigo served as Abbot from 1038 until his repose in 1057.
JUSTIN the PHILOSOPHER (JUSTIN MARTYR), raised a pagan in the Holy Land, as an adult St. Justin was a philosopher who, about the age of thirty, converted to Christianity from his reading of the Scriptures and observing the strength and stoicism of martyrs. He went to Rome where he opened a school and turned his philosophical training to Christian Apologetics, resulting in a plethora of important works. Though most of his writing hasn't survived, his still extant books Dialogue with Trypho and Apologies are amongst the most important Christian writings of the second century Alas, his prominence as a defender of the Faith attracted the attention of the authorities who beheaded him circa 165.
JUVENTIUS, (Date Unknown), a Roman martyr of whom nothing is known.
PROCULUS of BOLOGNA, the Bishop of Bologna from 540, until he was martyred by Ostrogoths in 542. St. Proculus is also commemorated on 12th July.
PROCULUS the SOLDIER, generally believed to have been a Roman officer martyred circa 304 in Bologna during the Diocletianic Persecution. The relics of St. Proculus are enshrined in the Church of San Procolo, Bologna.
REVERIANUS, PAUL, and COMPANIONS, Martyrs of Autun, a bishop and priest respectively who seem to have been sent to Gaul (France) by Pope St. Felix I (30th May) to enlighten the Autun region during the reign of Emperor Aurelian (r. 270–275). Aurelian persecuted Christians with great enthusiasm and ruthless efficiency. SS. Reverianus and Paul could not escape the slaughter, and they were arrested circa 273, along with ten laymen, subjected to dreadful tortures and then beheaded.
RONAN, (Date Uncertain), the life of St. Ronan is inextricably linked to that of St. Rumon (30th August) and another St. Ronan (of Locronan in Brittany, present-day France) (also 1st June) who was an Irish missionary in Brittany. The two saints may be the same person. This St. Ronan seems to have been an early bishop of an unknown See who preached in Cornwall, England and perhaps Britany where the village of Locronan (place of Ronan) memorialises him. St. Ronan(s) are venerated at Tavistock in Devonshire and elsewhere in England, as well as Brittany.
SECUNDUS of AMELIA, there is no verifiable historical record of his existence. According to pious tradition, St. Secundus of Amelia in Umbria (Italy) was martyred in 304 by drowning during the Diocletianic Persecution.
SIMEON of SYRACUSE or TRIER, a native of Syracuse in Sicily, who was educated in Constantinople. St. Simon went to the Holy Land as a pilgrim, where he then received monastic tonsure and ordination to the Diaconate at Bethlehem. After some time in Bethlehem, St, Simeon went to live as a hermit on the Jordan River, and then settled as a hermit on Mt. Sinai. The Abbot of Mt. Sinai dispatched St. Simeon to Normandy (northern France) to solicit funds from the Duke of Normandy. St. Simeon settled near Trier in the present-day German state of Rhineland-Palatinate, where he lived as a hermit under the direction of the Abbot of St. Martin’s Abbey (Abtei St. Martin) where he remained until he reposed in 1035.
WISTAN (WINSTON) of EVESHAM, St. Wistan was a Mercian Prince who was martyred in 850 for zealously upholding Church discipline at a location now known as Wistanstow in Shropshire, England. He was buried at Repton Abbey in Derbyshire, England; his relics were later translated to Evesham Abbey in Worcestershire, England 84km / 52mi to the south of Repton.
WITE, (Date Unknown), St. Wite (also called St. Candida in an attempt to Latinise her name) was an anchoress who was martyred by the Danes in Dorset in England. Her relics were enshrined at the Church of St. Candida and Holy Cross in Whitchurch Canonicorum, Dorset, England. They remain there to this day, the only relics to survive in a parish church in England. Her holy well is at the nearby village of Morcombelake Dorset.
14th June N.S.
ANASTASIUS, FELIX, and DIGNA, Martyrs of Córdoba, three more Christians martyred at Córdoba during the reign of Emir Muhammad I of Córdoba (r. 852–886). SS. Anastasius and Felix were monks, and St. Digna a nun, at the double monastery at Tábanos. They were beheaded in 853.
CEARAN (CIARAN) the DEVOUT, St. Cearan was Abbot of Belach-Cluin in Co. Meath, Ireland. He was given the surname “The Devout” because of the holiness of his life. St. Cearan reposed in 870.
DOGMAEL of WALES, St. Dogmael was a monk who evangelised in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey (Ynys Môn) in Wales and later in Brittany (France). He lived at the end of the fifth, and beginning of the sixth century, no further information on his life is extant.
ETHERIUS (AETHERIUS) of VIENNE, a Bishop of Vienne (south-eastern France), who flourished in the early seventh century. Nothing further is known of him.
GEROLD of EVERUX, A courtier at the court of Charlemagne, King of the Franks (r. 768–814). St. Gerold left the world and became a monk at the Abbey of St. Peter / abbaye Saint-Pierre (later the Abbey of St. Wandrille / abbaye Saint-Wandrille) in Fontenelle, Normandy (France). He was consecrated Bishop of Evreux in 787, towards the end of his life, St. Gerold resigned his See and returned to Fontenelle to finish his days as a simple monk. He reposed in 806.
HARTWIG of SALZBURG, consecrated twelfth Archbishop of Salzburg in 991. St. Hartwig served his See until his repose in 1023.
LOTHARIUS of SÉEZ, the founder of a monastery in the forest of Argentan near the River Orne in Normandy (France). Later, he served over three decades as Bishop of Séez in the Tarentaise Valley of south-eastern present-day France. St. Lotharius reposed circa 756, not long after St. Lotharius’ repose, the monastery he founded was re-named Saint-Loyer-des-Champs, in his honour.
MARCIAN of SYRACUSE, (Date Uncertain), according to Sicilian tradition the Apostle Peter (29th June) sent St. Marcian to Sicily to serve as the first Bishop of Syracuse. However, as the most reliable authorities have been unable to place the date of his repose earlier than circa 254, it is much more likely that St. Marcian was a third century bishop sent by the Pope of Rome of the day, who is regarded in the Roman Catholic Church as the successor of the Apostle Peter.
MARK of LUCERA, a fourth century bishop in southern present-day Italy. St. Mark is believed to have reposed circa 328, and was the object of a localised cultus.
NENNUS (NENUS, NEHEMIAS) of ARRAN, a seventh century abbot of monasteries on the Isles of Arran and Bute in Ireland.
PSALMODIUS, an Irish or Scottish disciple of St. Brendan the Voyager (16th May). St. Psalmodius went to Gaul (France) where he lived as a hermit near Limoges until his repose in the late seventh century.
QUINTIAN (QUINCTIAN), (Date Unknown), according to the Roman Martyrology St. Quintian was a Bishop of Rodez in the south of present-day France. However, the opinion of contemporary hagiographic scholars is this an error, as St. Quinctian of Rodez became a Bishop of Auvergne, and is venerated on 13th November. Today’s St. Quintian was most likely a simple priest.
RICHARD of ST. VANNES, in 1004 St. Richard was chosen Abbot of St. Vannes Abbey (abbaye Saint-Vanne de Verdun) in Verdun. St. Richard was nicknamed 'Gratia Dei' ('Thanks be to God'), a phrase he frequently said. He reposed in 1046.
VALERIUS and RUFINUS of SOISSONS, possibly missionaries from Rome, St. Valerius and Rufinus were arrested in Soissons (northern France) circa 287, during the Diocletianic Persecution. In court, they both very publicly proclaimed their faith in Christ resulting in their torture and then martyrdom.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.