Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
13th March (NS) — 28th February (OS)
28th February O.S.
HILARY (HILARUS), 46th Pope of Rome, prior to his election to the Bishopric of Rome, St. Hilary served as an aide to Pope St. Leo the Great (10th November), Papal Legate at the Robber Council of Ephesus in 449, worked on updating the method of calculating Pascha. Following the repose of St. Leo the Great in 461, St. Hilary was elected his successor. As Pope, he fought the Christological heresies of Nestorianism and Arianism, held several councils at Rome, his council of 465 is the earliest Roman council whose records are extant, and continued St. Leo the Great’s policy of strengthening papal authority in Gaul and Hispania. St. Hilary reposed in 468.
LLIBIO, (Sixth Century) St. Llibio is the patron saint of Llanlibio in the Isle of Anglesey (Ynys Môn) off the north-west coast of Wales. According to Church of England priest, hagiographer, and all round scholar Sabine Baring Baring-Gould (†1924) he was one of the sons of Seithenin, who, along with his brothers, joined Dwnawd’s monastery at Bangor after the flooding of the Plain of Gwyddno.
MACARIUS, RUFINUS, JUSTUS, and THEOPHILUS, a group of potters martyred during the Decian Persecution, circa 250.
MAIDOC (MADOC), there is no definitive information on this saint extent, though it is most likely he is the sixth century bishop (or perhaps only abbot), after whom Llanmadog in Glamorganshire is called.
OSWALD, (in leap years 29th February), the nephew of St. Oda of Canterbury (2nd June) under whom he began his studies. St. Oswald later went to the Abbey of St. Benedict on the Loire (abbaye de Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire — Fleury Abbey) to continue his studies and receive monastic tonsure, and ultimately, ordination to the priesthood. Returning to England, St. Oswald was consecrated Bishop of Worcester, and worked with SS. Dunstan (19th May) and Æthelwold (1st August), with enormous success, to revive monastic life, and religious discipline in Anglo-Saxon England. He personally founded monasteries at Ramsey and Worcester, and was subsequently promoted to the Archbishopric of York (972). St. Oswald reposed whilst on his knees engaged in his daily practice of washing the feet of twelve poor people, circa 990.
ROMANUS of CONDAT, at the age of thirty-five he went to live as a hermit in the Jura mountains, where he was followed by his brother St. Lupicinus (21st March). As was so often the case, St. Romanus attracted many disciples for which he founded the Abbey of St. Claude (abbaye de Saint-Claude) at Condat and Leuconne (present-day Saint-Lupicin, serving as joint Abbot, as well as a third one at near-by La Beaume where their sister was abbess. St. Romanus reposed circa 460.
RUELLINUS (RUELLIN), a sixth century Bishop of Tréguier in Brittany.
SILLAN (SILVANUS), a disciple of St. Comgall (10th May) at Bangor in Co. Down, and one of his successors there as abbot. Although there is no further certain knowledge of him, he seems to have had a great reputation for sanctity. Various sources have placed the year of his repose as either 606 or 610.
13th March N.S.
ANSOVINUS, a wonderworking hermit priest at Castel Raimondo near Torcello (part of present-day Metropolitan Venice), who was consecrated Bishop of Camerino (in the present-day Italian Marches) by Pope Leo IV (†855). While Bishop, St. Ansovinus was confessor to Emperor Louis the Pious (r. 813–840) and attended the Council of Rome in 861. St. Ansovinus reposed in 868.
GERALD, St. Gerald founded the monastery, and Diocese of Mayo in western Ireland. He was one of the English monks who accompanied St. Colman (18th February) when he retired to Ireland, following the Synod of Whitby. St. Colman made him abbot of the English monastery he founded at Mayo, which he ruled with great success, reposing at a very advanced age in 732.
HELDRAD (ELDRAD), originally from Provence, he spent his fortune on good works, and then went on a pilgrimage to Rome, where he became a monk at the Abbey of SS. Peter and Andrew (Abbazia di Novalesa) in Novalesa, part of present-day Turin, Italy. St. Heldrad served as Abbot of Novalesa for thirty years, reposing in 842.
KEVOCA (KENNOTHA, QUIVOCA), an Irish or Scottish saint of whom nothing is now known with any certitude. Some claim that he is the same saint as St. Mochoemoc (vide infra), founder and first Abbot of Liath-Mochoemoc in Co. Tipperary, Ireland. However, in ancient Scottish Calendars St. Kevoca is listed as a female saint.
MOCHOEMOC (MOCHAEMHOG, PULCHERIUS, VULCANIUS), the nephew of St. Ita (15th January), he received monastic tonsure at Bangor Abbey (in present-day Co. Down, Ulster) when St. Comgall (10th May) was Abbot. St. Mochoemoc later was the Abbot-founder Liath-Mochoemoc Abbey in Co. Tipperary, Ireland. He reposed circa 655.
RAMIRUS and COMPANIONS, St. Ramerirus, Prior of St. Claudius Abbey, Léon, Spain, along with the rest of the monks were martyred whilst chanting the Creed by Arian Visigoths circa 600–630.
RODERICK (RUDERICUS, RODRIGO) and SALOMON (SOLOMON), St. Roderick was a priest in Moorish Spain. One of his brothers converted to Islam and then told the athorities St. Roderick had converted as well. When the authorities asked if it was indeed true that he had converted. St. Roderick denied this proclaiming his faith in Christ. The authorities decided that he had become a Muslim and then apostatised. For this he was imprisoned. In prison he shared a cell with St. Salomon, with whom he was beheaded in 857. SS. Roderick and Salomon are counted amongst the group collectively known as The Martyrs of Córdoba.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.