Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
13th March (NS) — 28th February (OS)
28th February O.S.
HILARY (HILARUS), 46th Pope of Rome, prior to his election to the Bishopric of Rome, St. Hilary served as an aide to Pope St. Leo the Great (10th November), Papal Legate at the Robber Council of Ephesus in 449, worked on updating the method of calculating Pascha. Following the repose of St. Leo the Great in 461, St. Hilary was elected his successor. As Pope, he fought the Christological heresies of Nestorianism and Arianism, held several councils at Rome, his council of 465 is the earliest Roman council whose records are extant, and continued St. Leo the Great’s policy of strengthening papal authority in Gaul and Hispania. St. Hilary reposed 468.
LLIBIO, St. Llibio is the patron saint of Llanlibio in the Isle of Anglesey (Ynys Môn) off the north-west coast of Wales. According to Baring-Gould he was one of the sons of Seithenin, who, along with his brothers, joined Dwnawd’s monastery at Bangor after the flooding of the Plain of Gwyddno.
MACARIUS, RUFINUS, JUSTUS, and THEOPHILUS, a group of potters martyred during the Decian Persecution, circa 250.
MAIDOC (MADOC), there is no definitive information on this saint extent, though it is most likely he is the sixth century bishop (or perhaps only abbot), after whom Llanmadog in Glamorganshire is called.
OSWALD, (in leap years 29th February), the nephew of St. Oda of Canterbury (2nd June) under whom he began his studies. St. Oswald later went to Fleury to continue his studies and receive monastic tonsure, and ultimately, ordination to the priesthood. Returning to England, St. Oswald was consecrated Bishop of Worcester, and worked with SS. Dunstan (19th May) and Ethelwold (1st August), with enormous success, to revive monastic life, and religious discipline in Anglo-Saxon England. He personally founded monasteries at Ramsey and Worcester, and was subsequently promoted to the Archbishopric of York (972). St. Oswald reposed whilst on his knees engaged in his daily practice of washing the feet of twelve poor people, circa 990.
ROMANUS of CONDAT, at the age of thirty-five he went to live as a hermit in the Jura mountains, where he was followed by his brother St. Lupicinus (21st March). As was so often the case, St. Romanus attracted many disciples for which he founded Abbeys at Condat, and Leuconne, serving as joint Abbot, as well as at near-by La Beaume where their sister was abbess. St. Romanus reposed circa 460.
RUELLINUS (RUELLIN), a sixth century Bishop of Tréguier in Brittany.
SILLAN (SILVANUS), a disciple of St. Comgall (10th May) at Bangor in Co. Down, and one of his successors there as abbot. Although there is no further certain knowledge of him, he seems to have had a great reputation for sanctity. Various sources have placed the year of his repose as 606 and 610.
13th March N.S.
ANSOVINUS, a wonderworking hermit priest at Castel Raimondo near Torcello, who was consecrated Bishop of Camerino by Pope Leo IV. While Bishop, St. Ansovinus was confessor to Emperor Louis the Pious, attended the Council of Rome in 861. St. Ansovinus reposed in 840.
GERALD, St. Gerald founded the monastery, and Diocese of Mayo in western Ireland. He was one of the English monks who accompanied St. Colman (18th February) when he retired to Ireland, following the Synod of Whitby. St. Colman made him abbot of the English monastery he founded at Mayo, which he ruled with great success, reposing at a very advanced age 732.
HELDRAD (ELDRAD), originally from Provence, he spent his fortune on good works, and then went on a pilgrimage to Rome, where he became a monk at the monastery of Novalese. St. Heldrad served as Abbot of Novalese for thirty years, reposing in 842.
KEVOCA (KENNOTHA, QUIVOCA), an Irish or Scottish saint of whom nothing is now known with any certitude. Some claim that he is the same saint as St. Mochoemoc (vide infra), founder and first Abbot of Liath-Mochoemoc in Tipperary. However, in ancient Scottish Calendars St. Kevoca is listed as a female saint.
MOCHOEMOC (MOCHAEMHOG, PULCHERIUS, VULCANIUS), the nephew of St. Ita (15th January), he received monastic tonsure at Bangor Abbey when St. Comgall (10th May) was Abbot. St. Mochoemoc later was the Abbot-founder Liath-Mochoemoc. Abbey at Tipperary. He reposed circa 655.
RAMIRUS and COMPANIONS, St. Ramerirus, Prior of St. Claudius Abbey, along with the rest of the monks were martyred whilst chanting the Creed by the Arian Visigoths either circa 554 or 630.
RODERICK (RUDERICUS, RODRIGO) and SALOMON (SOLOMON), St. Roderick, a priest in Moorish Spain denounced by a brother who had become a Muslim. When question by the authorities, who were told he was a Muslim, asked if it was indeed true that he had converted. Denying this, St. Roderick proclaimed his faith in Christ. Ruled an apostate he was imprisoned where he shared a cell with St. Salomon, with whom he was beheaded in 857.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.