Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
13th June (NS) — 31st May (OS)
31st May O.S.
CANTIUS, CANTIAN, CANTIANILLA, and PROTUS, Martyrs of Aquileia, members of the Roman nobility, who fled Rome along with their tutor, St. Protus, and settled in Aquileia (north-eastern Italy), to avoid the Diocletianic Persecution. In Aquileia, the authorities ordered them to make pagan sacrifices. When the four refused, they were summarily executed circa 304.
CRESCENTIAN, a martyr in Sardinia circa 130, during the persecutions under Emperor Hadrian (r. 117–138).
LUPICINUS, a Bishop of Verona (northern Italy) at some point between the fourth and seventh centuries. St. Lupicinus is called ‘the most holy, the best of bishops’ in early writings which have been preserved in Verona.
PASCHASIUS, a Roman deacon, and author of several theological treatises. St. Paschasius reposed circa 512.
PETRONILLA, a fourth century Roman maiden and subject of many legends and traditions, some outright false, and others of questionable veracity. St. Petronilla’s cultus dates from the earliest times.
WINNOW, MANCUS, and MYRBAD, SS. Winnow, Mancus, and Myrbad were three sixth century Irish saints who lived in Cornwall, England where there are several churches dedicated to their honour. Nothing further is known of them.
13th June N.S.
DAMHNADE, (Date Uncertain), St. Damhnade was a holy virgin who was greatly venerated in Counties Cavan and Fermanagh in Ireland. Nothing is really known of her life or the dates she flourished, though without support, the noted hagiographer and historian John Colgan O.F.M. (†c. 1657) identifies her as being St. Dymphna (15th May) of Gheel near Antwerp in present-day Belgium. The Félire Óengusso, also without support, claims she was a sister of St. Fursey (16th January).
FANDILAS of PEÑAMELARIA, one of the forty-eight martyrs of Córdoba (850–859). St. Fandilas was Abbot of the monastery of San Salvador (Peña Melaria) near Córdoba, and in 853 was beheaded in Cordoba by order of the Emir Muhammad I of Córdoba (r. 852–886) for publicly displaying his faith in the presence of Muslims, which was considered blasphemy by the Muslim conquerors.
FELICULA of ROME, a Roman maiden martyred circa 90 for refusing to marry a pagan during the reign of Emperor Domitian (r. 81–96). St. Felicula was imprisoned for a fortnight without food or water, then racked, and left in a ditch to die.
FORTUNATUS and LUCIAN of NORTH AFRICA, (Date Unknown), martyrs in North Africa. There may have been six or more Christians martyred with them.
PEREGRINUS (CETHEUS), believed to have been a late fifth century bishop in the Abruzzi (Italy), and said to have been drowned in the River Aterno by Arian Lombards after interceding on behalf of a condemned prisoner.
RAMBERT (RAGNEBERT, RAGNOBERT), a courtier to Theodoric III, King of Neustria and Burgundy (r. 656–690/1), whose death was ordered by the tyranical Mayor of the Palace of Neustria Ebron (†680/1). St. Rambert was ambushed in the Jura mountains and murdered circa 680, and has since been honoured as a martyr.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.