Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
12th March (NS) — 27th February (OS)
27th February O.S.
ALNOTH, the bailiff at St. Werburgh’s (3rd February) monastery at Weedon in Northamptonshire, St. Alnoth later lived as an anchorite at Stowe. He was martyred there by bandits circa 700.
BALDOMERUS (GALMIER), a blacksmith and locksmith in Lyons. Late in life St. Baldomerus retired to the monastery of Saint-Just, where he received monastic tonsure and was ordained to the sub-diaconate. St. Baldomerus reposed circa 650.
COMGAN, St. Comgan was an Abbot of Glenthsen or Killeshin in Ireland who reposed circa 565. Nothing further is known of this saint.
HEREFRITH, a Bishop of Lindsey, St. Herefrith was most likely martyred by the Danes circa 869. It is entirely possible that he was the last Bishop of Lindsey before the Danes wintered at Torksey in 872-3, after which the episcopal succession ceased. His relics were amongst those translated by St. Ethelwold (1st August) to Thorney. There was a church of St. Herefrith at Louth mentioned in several records from the 13th – 15th centuries.
HONORINA (HONORINE), (Date Unknown) , one of the earliest Gaulish martyrs, with a cultus in Normandy which dates from the beginning of the Christian presence it that region. Unfortunately, her Acts have been lost and there is no further information about her extent.
JOHN of GORZE, a brilliant student at the monastery of Saint-Mihiel in Metz, reputed to have an eidetic memory. Following his studies, he administered some landed estates, but soon made a pilgrimage to Rome, following which he spent some time at the Abbey of Monte Cassino. Returning to his native Lorraine in 933, St. John helped to restore, and then received monastic tonsure at, Gorze Abbey. He later spent two years as the ambassador of Emperor Otto II to the Emir and Caliph Abd ar-Rahman III (r. 912 – 961) in Cordoba. In 960 St. John became Abbot of Gorze and reposed circa 974.
LEANDER, the elder brother of SS. Florentina (20th June), Fulgentius (16th January), and Isidore of Seville (4th April). Having received monastic tonsure at an early age, he devoted his life to prayer, and study. St. Leander developed a reputation for piety and learning and as a result was made Archbishop of Seville. As Archbishop, St. Leander revised the Mozarabic Rite, introduced the Nicene Creed to the Mass, but most importantly converted the sons of the Arian Visigoth King Leovigild, St. Hermengild (13th April) and Prince Reccared to orthodox Christianity, and ultimately brought the Visigoths back to orthodox Christianity as well. St. Leander reposed circa 600 and was succeeded by his brother, St. Isidore of Seville (4th April), as Archbishop.
12th March N.S.
ALPHEGE the ELDER, he was called the Elder to distinguish him from his more famous namesake, the Martyr of Canterbury and Greenwich (19th April). He was a monk of singularly holy life, and encouraged many others to become monks, notably his relative St. Dunstan (19th May), whom he ordained priest. St. Alphege succeeded St. Birnstan (4th November) in the See of Winchester (935), where he reposed; his relics were enshrined there (951).
MAMILIAN (MAXIMILIAN), a third century martyr in Rome of whom nothing further is known.
MAXIMILIAN, when drafted St. Maximilian refused to serve on the grounds military service was inconsistent with his faith. As a result, he was beheaded in 295 at Thebeste in Numidia (present-day Algeria).
MURA MCFEREDACH (MURAN, MURAMES), St. Mura McFeredach was the first Abbot and patron saint of Fahan, on the Inishowen Peninsula, in Co. Donegal. His staff and bell were held to have miraculous powers and were greatly venerated. The year of his death in the seventh century is unknown.
PAUL AURELIAN, a Romano-Briton prince who was educated at Llantwit Major with SS. David (1st March), Gildas the Wise (29th January), Illtyd (6th November), and Samson (28th July). After his time at Llantwit, St. Paul, along with twelve other monks, went to Brittany where they established a monastery at Porz-Pol on the Isle of Ouessant. Later St. Paul was convinced to accept elevation to the bishopric of Ouismor, now known as Saint-Pol-de-Léon. St. Paul reposed circa 575.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.