Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
12th August (NS) — 30th July (OS)
30th July O.S.
ABDON and SENNEN, according to tradition SS. Abdon and Sennen were Persian nobles, brought to Rome as captives by Decius after his first successful campaign against the Persians. Once there, they devoted themselves to looking after imprisoned Christians and burying the bodies of Martyrs. They were fed to wild animals in the Amphitheatre during the persecution by Decius after he became Emperor (250).
ERMENGYTH, a sister of St. Ermenburgh (19th November) who lived in great piety as a nun at Minster-in-Thanet, England. She is believed to have reposed circa 680.
MAXIMA, DONATILLA and SECUNDA (MARTYRS of TEBOURBA), three maidens who were martyred in Tebourba Minus, Africa Proconsularis during the Diocletianic Persecution, circa 304.
OLAV (OLOF, OLAF) of SWEDEN, (Ninth Century), a King of Sweden who was martyred by pagan subjects for refusing to make offering to their gods. The location of St. Olav’s martyrdom served as the foundation of the city of Stockholm
PETER CHRYSOLOGUS, a native of Imola in present-day Italy; he was ordained to the diaconate there, and later archdeacon, and finally consecrated eighteenth Archbishop of Ravenna (circa 433). Though he battled both paganism and the Monophysite heresy, St. Peter is best remembered for his eloquence in preaching, thus the name Chrysologus (Golden Speech), St. Peter reposed circa 450. Many of his sermons are still extant.
RUFINUS, (Date Uncertain), according to legend, St. Rufinus was the first Bishop of Assisi, and a martyr. Many scholars postulate he is in all likelihood the same as the St. Rufinus and Companions listed on 11th August. St. Rufinus is also the patron saint of Assisi, Italy.
TATWINE, the tenth Archbishop of Canterbury, succeeding St. Brithwald (9th January). Prior to being elevated to the See of Canterbury St. Tatwine was a monk and then Abbot at Holy Hill Monastery in Breedon, Mercia and was known for his piety and learning. St. Bede the Venerable (25th May) calls him a “vir religione et Prudentia insignis, sacris quoque literis nobiliter instructus” (a man notable for his prudence, devotion, and learning). We see examples of this in the two surviving manuscripts of riddles and four of his Ars de partibus orationis. The Ars is one of only two surviving eighth century Latin grammars from England. His Ars was a reworking of Aelius Donatus’ Ars Minor and Major with the addition of information drawn from other grammarians. It covers the eight parts of speech through illustrations drawn from classical scholars, and was designed for more advanced students. This work was used not only in England but on the continent as well. During his brief episcopate, St. Tatwine appointed Nothbald, Abbot of St. Augustine’s Abbey, and consecrated Bishops for Lindsey and Selsey. St. Tatwine reposed 734, and following his repose Goscelin of Canterbury writes of miracles through his intercession.
URSUS, a hermit at the church of St. Amator in Auxerre who at the age of seventy-five was made elected tenth Bishop of that city. According to tradition he was elected after he had saved the town from a fire by his prayers. 508 is given as the year of his repose.
12th August N.S.
CASSIAN of BENEVENTO, believed to have been a Bishop of Benevento in the south of present-day Italy who reposed circa 340. However, he does not appear in any contemporary lists of bishops of that See.
EUPLUS, martyred in the Sicilian city of Catania ( 304) for possession of, and preaching, the Gospel to the pagan population.
Troparion of The Martyr and Archdeacon Euplius of Catania —Tone IV
As a holy deacon and righteous minister of the Church of Christ,
You contended superbly.
You sailed over the sea of many torments and afflictions,
O all-bless Euplus.
Guide us into the haven of heaven.
Kontakion of The Martyr and Archdeacon Euplius of Catania —Tone I
When the love of Christ was your only defence,
You stood in the midst of your fight and said:
I endure this struggle willingly and with confidence!
You rejoiced, O Euplus, to offer your head to the sword and so complete your course!
EUSEBIUS of MILAN, a native of Greece, St. Eusebius served as the nineteenth Bishop of Milan (circa 449 – 462). In 451, he convened a Council in Milan, where the Tome of Leo was read and approved, hence this local council affirmed the Fourth Ecumenical Council’s condemnation of Eutyches‘ Christological heresy.
GRACILIAN and FELICISSIMA, according to tradition, during the Diocletianic Persecution, St. Gracilian was condemned to death for the Faith. Whilst in prison awaiting martyrdom, a woman brought her blind daughter to St. Gracilian and he miraculously restored the sight of St. Felicissima. She embraced Christ instantaneously and was immediately baptised by St. Gracilian, and condemned to death. SS. Gracilian and Felicissima were martyred by beheading on the same day in the early fourth century.
HERCULANUS of BRESCIA, a mid-sixth century Bishop of Brescia in Lombardy. No other reliable information on his life is extant.
HILARIA, DIGNA, EUPREPIA, EUNOMIA, QUIRIACUS, LARGIO, CRESCENTIAN, NIMMIA, JULIANA, and COMPANIONS, (Fourth Century), a group of twenty-nine Christians in Augsburg who were martyred during the Diocletianic Persecution. St. Hilaria was the mother of St. Afra of Augsburg (5th August), and was burned alive, along with her three maids, Digna, Euprepia, and Eunomia, as they prayed at St. Afra’s tomb. The balance of these martyrs were killed in riots led by pagan mobs.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
JÆNBERT (JAMBERT, JANBERT, LAMBERT), an Abbot of St. Augustine’s Abbey who was consecrated fourteenth Archbishop of Canterbury 2nd February, 765. St. Jænbert reposed 792, and is buried at Canterbury Cathedral.
MEREWENNA, (Date Uncertain), said to have been a daughter of King St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April), St. Merewenna is the patron saint of Marham Church near Bude, Cornwall, England. According to some sources she is the same saint as St. Morwenna (8th July), also a daughter of St. Brychan.
PORCARIUS (PORCHAIRE) and FIVE HUNDRED COMPANIONS, St. Porcarius was Abbot of the Abbey of Our Lady of Lérins when he was warned by an angel in a vision that the monastery was about to be attacked. He immediately sent off by ship all the young students, as well as thirty-six of the younger monks. Soon afterwards the monastery was attacked by Saracens (or more likely Vikings), and with the exception of four monks taken as slaves, the entire community of five hundred were massacred (circa 732).
UST (JUSTUS), (Date Unknown), the patron of the church of St. Just near Penzance, and the town of St. Just, Cornwall, England is named for him. Some accounts state that he was a hermit, others a martyr, and still others claim he was a bishop. It is most likely there were two or more saints of the same name in Brittany, Wales, and Cornwall in the fifth or sixth century. However, the lack of reliable information makes it impossible to state with any amount of certainty specific details of his life.