Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
12th April (NS) — 30th March (OS)
30th March O.S.
CLINIUS, (Date Unknown), a Greek monk at the Abbey of Monte Cassino, and later Abbot of St. Peter's near Pontecorvo in Lazio, Italy.
FERGUS, (Sixth Century), he was a Bishop of Downpatrick in Co. Down in Ireland. Though he has always been held in great veneration, the details of his life are uncertain, and it is even possible that he was the same man as St. Fergus of Scotland (27th November), who flourished in the eighth century
IRENE of ROME, the widow of St. Castulus of Rome (26th March). St. Irene went to collect St. Sebastian's (20th January) body for burial, and found that he was still, barely, alive and brought him back to her home where she nursed him back to health. St. Irene also tried, unsuccessfully, to talk St. Sebastian into leaving Rome.
MAMERTINUS, a monk, and later Abbot of the Monastery of SS. Cosmas and Damian in Auxerre, in present-day Burgundy, France. St. Mamertinus reposed circa 462.
OSBURGH (OSBURGA), (Eleventh Century), an Abbess, and according to some sources the first of the convent founded at Coventry by King Cnut. There are no particulars about her extant.
PASTOR, reputed to have been Bishop of Orléans at some point in the sixth century. Though St. Pastor is listed in the old martyrologies, he does not appear on any lists of hierarchs of the See.
PATTO (PACIFICUS), believed to have a native of Ireland, St. Patto went to Saxony where he became abbot of a monastery, and later was consecrated Bishop of Werden in present-day Werden-Essen, Germany. St. Patto reposed circa 788.
QUIRINUS, the Roman administrator of the prison in which Pope St. Alexander I (3rd May) was confined. St. Alexander converted him and his daughter St. Balbina (31st March). However, shortly afterwards St. Quirinus was arrested, tortured, and beheaded circa 117, during the reign of Emperor Hadrian (r. 117–138).
REGULUS (RIEUL), the first Bishop of Civitas Silvanectium, Gaul (present-day Senlis, France). St. Regulus reposed circa 260.
TOLA, little is known about this saint, other than that he was originally a hermit at Tola, Co. Meath, Ireland. St. Tola built a monastery for his many disciples, and eventually was consecrated Bishop of Clonard. He is believed to have reposed circa 733.
ZOSIMUS, he entered the monastery of Santa Lucia near Syracuse in Sicily at the age of seven, and thirty years later St. Zosimus was made Abbot. Roughly two decades later he was consecrated Bishop of Syracuse. St. Zosimus reposed circa 660 at the age of ninety.
12th April N.S.
ALFERIUS, (ALPHERIUS, ADALFERICUS), born in Salerno in Campania (south-western Italy) to the noble Pappacarbone family. Following a serious illness, St. Alferius went to Burgundy (France) where he received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul of Cluny (abbaye Saint-Pierre et Saint-Paul de Cluny — Cluny Abbey) in Burgundy (France), where he was a disciple of St. Odilo (11th May). He was recalled by the Duke of Salerno to undertake reforming the monasteries in the Duchy. St. Alferius met with little success and retired to Mt. Fenestra near Salerno, to live as a hermit. As his reputation for holiness of life and wisdom spread, St. Alferius attracted many disciples. Having selected twelve of them, he built the Abbey of the Holy Trinity of La Cava (Abbatia Sanctissimae Trinitatis Cavensis). St. Alferius served as Abbot until the age of 120 years, when he reposed on Holy (Maundy) Thursday 1050, after celebrating the liturgy and washing the feet of his monks.
CONSTANTINE, the first Bishop of Gap, in Province (France). All that is known about St. Constantine is that he was an attendee at, and signatory of the Canons of, the Councils of Epaone (517) and Orange (519), and that he reposed in 529.
DAMIAN, elected Bishop of Pavia in Lombardy (Italy) in 680, St. Damian was a staunch opponent of Monothelitism, and successfully negotiated peace between the Byzantine Emperor and the Lombards. St. Damian is said to have healed a leper with a kiss. He reposed in 710.
ERKEMBODEN (ERKEMBODE), nothing certain is known about St. Erkemboden’s early life. The consensus is that he was an Irishman who went to France to work as a missionary. Some sources state he was accompanied by two companions who were murdered along the way. Regardless, St. Erkemboden settled at the Abbey of St. Peter the Apostle / Saint-Pierre l'apôtre (later the Abbey of St. Bertin of Saint-Omer / abbaye Saint-Bertin de Saint-Omer) in Sithiu (later Saint-Omer) in Pas-de-Calais (France). There he received monastic tonsure and became a disciple of St. Bertin (5th September). Following St. Bertin’s resignation, St. Erkemboden was elected Abbot, and then Bishop of Thérouanne (Pas-de-Calais, France). He served as Abbot and Bishop for twenty-six years, reposing in 714.
JULIUS I, elected thirty-fifth Pope of Rome in 337, he fought Arianism, and defended St. Athanasius the Great throughout his persecutions, and was responsible for the building of several churches in Rome. St. Julius reposed in 352.
TETRICUS, an Abbot of the Abbey of St. Germanus of Auxerre (abbaye Saint-Germain d'Auxerre) in Auxerre in Burgundy (France) who became Bishop of Auxerre by popular acclamation. St. Tetricus was murdered by his Archdeacon in his sleep in 707.
VICTOR, a catechumen martyred circa 300 in Braga in Portugal during the Diocletianic Persecution.
VISSIA, a consecrated virgin martyred circa 250 at Fermo near Ancona during the Decian Persecution.
WIGBERT, an Englishman, went to Ireland and became a disciple of St. Egbert (24th April) at Rathelmigisi in Connaught (Ireland). St. Wigbert then spent two years in Friesland (northern Netherlands) working to enlighten the Friesians, and returned to Ireland, where he lived until his repose in 690.
ZENO, a native of North Africa, St. Zeno was consecrated Bishop of Verona in the Veneto region of Italy in 362. A fierce opponent of Arianism, St. Zeno welcomed a great number of refugees from the Arian persecutions in North Africa. St. Zeno reposed in 371.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.