Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
11th September (NS) — 29th August (OS)
29th August O.S.
ADELPHUS, (Fifth Century), believed to have been the tenth Bishop of Metz, he succeeded St. Rufus (7th November) ruling the See for seventeen years. Unfortunately, nothing certain is known of him, as all information on his life was added to the various martyrologies at much later dates. Hence, the aforementioned is really based upon conjecture; however, the existence of his cultus going back to an early date is without question.
ALBERIC, a hermit in Italy who reposed circa 1050, and whose relics are enshrined in the Benedictine San Anastasio Church in the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Marino-Montefeltro. Nothing further is known of him.
CANDIDA, (Date Unknown), one of a group martyred on the Ostian Way outside the gates of Rome. Her relics were enshrined in the church of St. Praxedes in the ninth century She has been variously described as both a virgin martyr and simply a martyr, but nothing is actually known about her.
EDWOLD, St. Edwold was most likely the brother of St. Edmund the Martyr, King of East Anglia (20th November). He lived as a hermit at Cerne, in Dorsetshire, in the latter half of the ninth century, and after his death was venerated as a saint. No further information on his life is known to us.
EUTHYMIUS, (Fourth Century), a Roman who fled to Perugia with his wife and son, St. Crescentius (14th September), during the persecutions under Diocletian. He reposed in Perugia in the early fourth century.
MEDERICUS (MERRI), born in Autun in eastern France to a noble family, he received monastic tonsure at St. Martin's in Autun at the age of thirteen, eventually serving as its abbot. The last few years of his life were spent as an anchorite. He is said to have reposed circa 700 whilst on a pilgrimage to the tomb of St. Germanus of Paris (28th May). St. Medericus is the patron saint of Paris’ Right Bank and the Église Saint-Merri located in Rue Saint Martin in the 4th Arrondissement of Paris commemorates his name.
SABINA of ROME, it seems she was a wealthy Roman widow who was converted by the pious example of her Orthodox servant St. Seraphia (29th July). She was most likely martyred during the persecution of Hadrian (circa 127), and the historical Basilica di Santa Sabina all'Aventino on the Aventine Hill in Rome is dedicated to her.
SABINA of TROYES, commonly thought to be the sister of St. Sabinian of Troyes (29th January). According to tradition she was baptised in Rome by the future Pope St. Eusebius (26th September); but as her parents were still pagans, she decided to join her brother in Troyes. Nearing the city, she heard of his martyrdom and prayed that she might join him soon in heaven; and she is said to have reposed immediately upon completion of her prayer circa 276.
SEBBE (SEBBA, SÆBBI), St. Sebbe was joint King of Essex with his brother Sighere, from 664 to 683. Following Sighere’s repose in 683, St. Sebbe ruled as sole King until 694, when he abdicated the throne and entered the monastery of Westminster (the present-day Westminster Abbey), which he had founded. St. Sebbe spent the next three years in prayer and repentance. He reposed 697 and was buried in St. Paul’s Cathedral in London. His tomb survived the fire at St. Paul’s in 1087, and his relics were translated to a black marble sarcophagus in the mid-twelfth century Unfortunately, his relics did not survive the Great Fire of London in 1666. A plaque commemorating St. Sebbe was erected in the Wren designed cathedral.
VELLEICUS (WILLEIC), (Eighth Century), an Anglo-Saxon abbot who joined St. Swithbert (16th March) in his evangelisation of the Germans. St. Velleicus later served as Abbot of Kaiserswerth, in present-day Düsseldorf Germany.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
11th September N.S.
ADELPHUS, a grandson of St. Romaricus (8th December), whom he succeeded as Abbot of Remiremont in eastern Gaul. St. Adelphus reposed circa 670.
ÆMILIAN (EMILIAN), according to the oldest of records of the Church of Vercelli in Piedmont, St. Æmilian was consecrated Bishop of Vercelli after living as a hermit for forty years. He reposed, a centenarian, in 520. No further information seems to be extant.
ALMIRUS (ALMER, ALMIRE), a hermit at Gréez-sur-Roc in present-day north-western France. St. Almirus reposed circa 560.
BODO, a member of Austrasian nobility and brother of St. Salaberga (22nd September). St. Bodo married, though he and his wife jointly decided to enter monastic life, with St. Bodo receiving tonsure at the Abbey of Saint-Vincent de Laon. St. Bodo rather reluctantly accepted his selection to be the sixteenth Bishop of Toul, and as bishop founded Bon-Moutier Monastery, the Abbey of Étival, and the Abbey of Othonville. St. Bodo reposed circa 678.
DEINIOL (DANIEL), very little is known of St. Deiniol’s life. He is considered the founding Abbot of Bangor, and thought to have been consecrated Bishop of Bangor by St. Dubricius (14th November). St. Deiniol reposed circa 584 and was buried on the Isle of Bardsey off the Llyn Peninsula in Gwynedd, Wales. Following his repose, the cathedral at Bangor and several other churches in Wales were dedicated to his honour.
FELIX and REGULA, a brother and sister who, at the time of the martyrdom of St. Maurice and the Theban Legion (22nd September) under Maximian Herculeus (circa 287), took refuge in Switzerland. Unfortunately, they were found and martyred near Zürich, circa 287.
PATIENS, Archbishop of Lyons from circa 456 until his repose circa 491, who according to his contemporary St. Sidonius Apollinaris (21st August), despite the austerity of his life, he made himself “all things to all men”. St. Patiens played an active role in fighting the heresies of his day, but is chiefly remembered for devoting all of his income to the poor. St. Patiens reposed circa 491.
PROTUS and HYACINTH, according to tradition SS. Protus and Hyacinth were brothers who served in the household of St. Eugenia (24th December), and had been baptized along with her. SS. Protus and Hyacinth were martyred in Rome during the persecution under Emperor Valerian (257-259).
VINCENT of LEÓN, an Abbot of St. Claudius in León Spain who was martyred by the Arian Visigoths. There is some disagreement about the date of his martyrdom, with some sources giving circa 554, and others circa 630 as the date.