Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
11th October (NS) — 28th September (OS)
28th September O.S.
ANNEMOND (CHAMOND), Archbishop of Lyons, friend of St. Wilfrid (12th October), and godfather of Clotaire III. He was murdered by the tyrant Ebroin in Châlon-sur-Saône 657.
CONWALL (CONVAL), an Irish priest, St. Conwall went to Scotland where he became a disciple of St. Kentigern Mungo (13th January) and worked to spread the Gospel. He reposed circa 630.
EUSTOCHIUM, the third daughter of St. Paula (26th January). She received monastic tonsure from St. Jerome (30th September) in 382. In 386, SS. Eustochium and Paula accompanied St. Jerome to Bethlehem where St. Eustochium assisted St. Jerome with his translating of the Bible, he dedicated his commentaries on Isaias and Ezekiel to her. Whilst in Bethlehem St. Jerome founded several monasteries, making St. Paula abbess of them. Following the repose of St. Paula (404), St. Eustochium became abbess, serving until her repose 419.
EXUPERIUS (SOUPIRE), fifth Bishop of Toulouse from circa 400 until his repose sometime after circa 410 - 412. As bishop St. Exuperius finished construction of the Basilica of St. Saturninus, begun by his predecessor, but he is best remembered for his great austerity and simplicity of life, and selfless charity not just to the people of his diocese, but also to the monks of the Holy Land, Egypt, and Libya. St. Jerome (30th September) praised his virtues, and in appreciation for his gifts, St. Jerome dedicated his Commentary on Zacharias to St. Exuperius.
FAUSTUS, born in Brittany circa 408, St. Faustus received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of Our Lady of Lérins, and later served as Abbot. He was consecrated second Bishop of Riez (in present-day Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) circa 459. Throughout his life, St. Faustus was a resolute opponent of both Arianism and Pelagianism; and continued the work of St. John Cassian (23rd July) defending orthodox doctrine against heresy. St. Faustus reposed circa 490.
LIOBA, one of the group of nuns from Wimborne Abbey (Dorset), who, at St. Boniface's (5th June) request, left England for Friesland (748) to assist him in his Apostolic labours. St. Boniface made her Abbess of the newly founded Abbey at Bischoffsheim. St. Lioba and her nuns played a key role in the conversion of the Germans. She reposed circa 781, and was buried, like St. Boniface, at Fulda.
MACHAN, (Date Unknown), a Scot who trained in Ireland before going to Rome, St. Machan was consecrated bishop, and then returned to his native land. Aside from an entry in the Aberdeen Breviary alluding to his miracles, nothing certain is known of his life.
MARTIAL, LAURENCE, and COMPANIONS, (Date Unknown), a group of twenty-two martyrs in the area of northern Africa that corresponds with present-day Algeria.
PATERNUS, a second century Bishop of Auch in present-day southwestern France.
PRIVATUS, a Roman who was scourged to death during the persecutions of Alexander Severus, 223.
SILVINUS, a fifth century Bishop of Brescia in Lombardy. St. Silvinus reposed 444.
SOLOMON (SALONIUS), the first Bishop of Genoa, he reposed circa 269.
STACTEUS, (Date Unknown), a martyr in Rome of whom no further information is extant.
TETTA, St. Tetta was an Abbess of Wimborne in Dorset, England, and a friend of St. Boniface (5th June). St. Tetta sent nuns from Wimborne to support St. Boniface in his evangelisation of the Germans. St. Tetta reposed in the second half of the eighth century, and many miracles were attributed to her intercession.
WENCESLAS (WENCESLAUS, VIACHESLAV), Prince of Bohemia, he was raised as a Christian by his grandmother, the future martyr St. Ludmilla (16th September). He promoted the spread of Christianity throughout Bohemia which was met with great hostility by the native pagans. St. Wenceslas was martyred as a result of a plot fomented by a group of pagan nobles and Boleslaus, his pagan brother and heir to the throne, circa 935. St. Wenceslas is the patron-saint of Czechia, and is the subject of the popular Carol, Good King Wenceslas, published by John Mason Neale 1853.
WILLIGOD and MARTIN, (Seventh Century), founders of the monastery of Romont, they served as the first and second Abbots, respectively.
11th October N.S.
AGILBERT (AGLIBERT), a Frankish aristocrat who began his ecclesiastical career at the Abbaye Notre-Dame de Jouarre (France). According to St. Bede the Venerable (25th May) St Agilbert was consecrated bishop without a See before leaving for Ireland where he seems to have spent some time studying. In 650 he was invited by King Cenwalh of Wessex to succeed St. Birinus (3rd December) as the second Bishop of Wessex, with his See centred at Dorchester-on-Thames. Disputes with the King over the territory of his See and St. Agilbert’s limited command of the local tongue led him to flee north it would appear to Northumbria. There he is said to have ordained St. Wilfrid (12th October) to the priesthood at Ripon and accompanied St. Wilfrid to the Synod of Whitby where they advocated for the adoption of Roman practices. Not long after the Synod, St. Agilbert returned to Gaul where he took part in the episcopal consecration of St. Wilfrid, and soon was elevated to the See of Paris (circa 666 – 668) St. Agilbert served as Bishop of Paris until his repose circa 679 – 690, and was buried in the crypt at Jouarre.
ANSILIO, (Seventh Century), a monk at the Abbey of Saint-Pierre de Lagny in present-day Lagny-sur-Marne (about 28 km / 17 mi east of Paris). Nothing further seems to be known of him.
BRUNO, The youngest son of King Henry I the Fowler and St. Matilda (14th March), and brother of Emperor Otto I the Great. He served as Abbot of Lorsch and Corvey, where he restored monastic observance before he was consecrated Archbishop of Cologne (953), and soon after was made duke of Lorraine by Otto. St. Bruno was a zealous pastor whose episcopate marked a new age in the city’s growth — spiritually, scholarly, and physically; many of the next generation of German ecclesiastical leaders were educated at Bruno's court, and he not only extended the then cathedral to the point where it was said to rival St. Peter's in Rome, he built churches and founded the monastery of St. Pantaleon at Cologne. St. Bruno reposed whilst on a mission to Reims 965, and was buried at the monastery of St. Pantaleon.
EMILIAN, (Date Unknown), according to the pre-2001 editions of the Roman Martyrology St. Emilian was a hermit in Rennes, however, there is no local record of his existence.
ETHELBURGH (ETHELBURGA), an East Anglian Princess who followed her brother St. Erconwald (30th April) into monastic life and served as the first abbess of the double Monastery at Barking, Essex. St. Bede the Venerable (25th May) writes of many miracles which took place at Barking during her time as Abbess. Shortly before St. Ethelburgh’s repose, St. Thorgyth (25th January) had a vision in which she saw a body wrapped in a shroud, shining with a bright light. As she watched, the body was drawn up to Heaven on cords which were brighter than gold. A few days later St Ethelburgh fell asleep in the Lord (circa 676).
EUFRIDUS, a seventh century monk near Asti in Piedmont, whose relics were enshrined in the Cattedrale di San Lorenzo in Alba. Nothing further is known of his life.
FIRMINUS (FIRMIN) of UZÈS, a native of Narbonne in southern Gaul. Educated by his uncle (the third Bishop of Uzès), St. Firminus served as fourth Bishop of Uzès, reposing 553. His relics are enshrined at the Cathédrale Saint-Théodorit d'Uzès.
GERMANUS of BESANÇON, (Fourth Century), an early Bishop of Besançon in Gaul, there are no reliable details of his life extant, but it appears certain that he was martyred by heretics (probably Arians) towards the end of the fourth century.
GRATUS (GRAT), the first Bishop of Oloron in Aquitaine, it is believed he took part in the Council of Agde (506), reposing later that year.
GUMMARUS (GOMER), a son of the Lord of Emblem (near present-day Lier Belgium), member of the court of Pepin the Younger, and later soldier. St Gummarus married a young noblewoman who turned out to be a cruel and capricious harridan, abusive to servants and tenants. This behaviour weighed heavily on the deeply devout St. Gummarus, and in time he and his wife separated. St. Gummarus became a hermit at Nivesdonck, and soon attracted disciples. The area around his hermitage grew into present-day Lier. St. Gummarus reposed circa 774.
JULIANA of PAVILLY, a servant girl who received monastic tonsure at Pavilly Abbey in Normandy, where she was a spiritual child of the Abbess, Benedicta. Upon Benedicta’s repose, St. Juliana was unanimously chosen to be the Abbess. St. Juliana reposed circa 750.
KENNETH (CANICE, CAINNECH, KENNY), most of what we know of St. Kenneth is based upon legend., however, it is possible to glean a few facts from the Vita Columbæ by St. Adamnán of Iona (23rd September) in which he makes multiple references to St. Kenneth. St. Kenneth was born in present-day Co. Londonderry, and went to Clonard Abbey to study under the great ‘Teacher of the Irish western-saints’ St. Finian (12th December), with the group that came to be known as the ‘Twelve Apostles of Ireland’. He then went on the study at Glasnevin under St. Mobhi (12th October). When plague forced that community to disperse, St. Kenneth went to Wales to be a monk at Llancarfan under St. Cadoc (24th January). In time, St. Kenneth went north to assist in the evangelisation of the Scots. In Scotland he built the first church in what is now St. Andrews, and earned such respect amongst the Scots that he is one of the three favourite Irish saints in Scotland (along with SS. Bridget (1st February) and Columba (9th June). St. Kenneth the returned to Ireland where he founded several monasteries on lands granted to him by the local king. His primary establishment was the monastery and Abbey of Aghaboe (in present-day Co. Laois) of which he served as Abbot. towards the end of his life, St. Kenneth retired to an island in Loch Cree (long since drained) where he wrote a commentary on the Gospels, which came to be known as the Glas-Chainnigh or Chain of Cainnech. St. Kenneth reposed and was buried at Aghaboe, towards the end of the sixth century at the age of eighty-four. He is the patron saint of Kilkenny, Co. Kilkenny, Ireland.
PLACIDIA, there is no verifiable information on St. Placidia extant, however according to tradition she was a holy virgin who lived in Verona in the mid-fifth century A.D., reposing circa 460.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.