Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
11th October (NS) — 28th September (OS) 2019
ANNEMOND (CHAMOND) of LYONS, Archbishop of Lyons (east-central France), friend of St. Wilfrid of York (12th October), and godfather of Chlothar III, King of Neustria and Burgundy, (r. 658–673). He was murdered in 657 by the tyrannical Mayor of the Palace of Neustria Ebroin (†680/1) in Chalon-sur-Saône, in the present-day region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France.
CONWALL (CONVAL) of STRATHCLYDE, an Irish priest, St. Conwall went to Scotland where he became a disciple of St. Kentigern Mungo (13th January) and worked to spread the Gospel. He reposed circa 630.
EUSTOCHIUM, the third daughter of St. Paula of Rome (26th January). St. Eustochium received monastic tonsure from St. Jerome (30th September) in 382. In 386, SS. Eustochium and Paula accompanied St. Jerome to Bethlehem where St. Eustochium assisted St. Jerome with his Bible translation work — he dedicated his commentaries on Isaias (Isaiah) and Ezekiel to her. Whilst in Bethlehem St. Jerome founded several monasteries, making St. Paula abbess of them. Following the repose in 404 of St. Paula, St. Eustochium succeeded her mother as abbess, serving until her repose in 419.
EXUPERIUS (SOUPIRE) of TOULOUSE, fifth Bishop of Toulouse (southern France) from circa 400 until his repose circa 411. As bishop St. Exuperius finished construction of the Basilica of St. Saturninus, begun by his predecessor, but he is best remembered for his great austerity, simplicity of life, and selfless charity not just to the people of his diocese, but also to the monks of the Holy Land, Egypt, and Libya. St. Jerome (30th September) praised his virtues, and in appreciation for his gifts, St. Jerome dedicated his Commentary on Zacharias to St. Exuperius.
FAUSTUS of RIEZ, born circa 408 in Brittany (north-western France), St. Faustus received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of Our Lady of Lérins (abbaye Notre Dame de Lérins) on one of the Lérins Islands in the Mediterranean Ocean off the Côte d’Azur in France, and later served as its Abbot. He was consecrated second Bishop of Riez (in present-day Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) circa 459. Throughout his life, St. Faustus was a resolute opponent of both Arianism and Pelagianism; and continued the work of St. John Cassian (23rd July) defending orthodox doctrine against heresy. St. Faustus reposed circa 490.
LIOBA of BISCHOFFSHEIM, one of the group of nuns from Wimborne Abbey in Dorset, England, who, at St. Boniface's (5th June) request, left England for Frisia (present-day Netherlands) in 748 to assist him in his Apostolic labours. St. Boniface made her Abbess of the newly founded Abbey at Bischoffsheim. St. Lioba and her nuns played a key role in the conversion of the Germans. She reposed circa 781, and was buried, like St. Boniface, at Fulda Abbey (Kloster Fulda) in the present-day German state of Hesse.
MACHAN, (Date Unknown), a Scot who trained in Ireland before going to Rome, where he was consecrated bishop. St. Machan then returned to Scotland. However, aside from an entry in the Aberdeen Breviary alluding to his miracles, nothing certain is known of his life.
MARTIAL of NORTH AFRICA, LAURENCE of NORTH AFRICA, and COMPANIONS, (Date Unknown), a group of twenty-two martyrs in Numidia (present-day Algeria). Beyond the names of two of their company, SS. Martial and Laurence, nothing is known of them.
PATERNUS of AUCH, a second century Bishop of Auch in present-day south-western France.
PRIVATUS of ROME, a Roman who was scourged to death in 223, in the persecutions of Christians during the reign of the Emperor Severus Alexander (r. 222–235).
SILVINUS of BRESCIA, a fifth century Bishop of Brescia in Lombardy (northern Italy). St. Silvinus reposed in 444.
SOLOMON (SALONIUS) of GENOA, the first Bishop of Genoa (north-west Italy), St. Solomon reposed circa 269.
STACTEUS, (Date Unknown), a martyr in Rome of whom no further information is extant.
TETTA, St. Tetta was an Abbess of Wimborne in Dorset, England, and a friend of St. Boniface (5th June). St. Tetta sent nuns from Wimborne to support St. Boniface in his evangelisation of the Germans. St. Tetta reposed in the second half of the eighth century, and many miracles were attributed to her intercession.
WENCESLAS (WENCESLAUS, VIACHESLAV), Prince of Bohemia (western Czech Republic), he was raised as a Christian by his grandmother, the future martyr St. Ludmilla of Czechia (16th September). St. Wenceslas' promotion of Christianity throughout Bohemia was met with great hostility by the native pagans. St. Wenceslas was martyred circa 935 — the result of a plot fomented by a group of pagan nobles and Boleslaus, his pagan brother and heir to the throne. St. Wenceslas is the patron-saint of Czechia, and is the subject of the popular Carol, Good King Wenceslas, published by John Mason Neale in 1853.
WILLIGOD of MOYENMOUTIER and MARTIN of MOYENMOUTIER, (Seventh Century), originally monks at St. Hidulf's (11th July) monastery in Moyenmoutier (eastern France). SS. Willigod and Martin founded a monastery at Romont in the present-day Swiss canton of Fribourg, serving as the first and second Abbots, respectively.
ÆTHELBURH (ETHELBURGH, ETHELBURGA) of BARKING, an East Anglian Princess who followed her brother St. Erconwald of London (30th April) into monastic life and served as the first abbess of the double monastery at Barking, Essex. St. Bede the Venerable (25th May) writes of many miracles which took place at Barking during her time as Abbess. Shortly before St. Æthelburh’s repose, St. Thorgyth of Barking (25th January) had a vision in which she saw a body wrapped in a shroud, shining with a bright light. As she watched, the body was drawn up to Heaven on cords which were brighter than gold. A few days later St. Æthelburh fell asleep in the Lord (circa 676).
AGILBERT (AGLIBERT) of PARIS, a Frankish aristocrat who began his ecclesiastical career at the Abbey of Our Lady of Jouarre (abbaye Notre-Dame de Jouarre) in Jouarre (north-central France). According to St. Bede the Venerable (25th May) St. Agilbert was consecrated bishop without a See before leaving for Ireland where he seems to have spent some time studying. In 650 he was invited by Cenwalh, King of Wessex (r. c. 642–672) to succeed St. Birinus of Dorchester (3rd December) as the second Bishop of Wessex, with his See centred at Dorchester-on-Thames (Oxfordshire). Disputes with the King over the territory of his See and St. Agilbert’s limited command of the local tongue led him to flee north it would appear to Northumbria. There he is said to have ordained St. Wilfrid of York (12th October) to the priesthood at Ripon (North Yorkshire) and accompanied St. Wilfrid to the Synod of Whitby (664), where they advocated for the adoption of Roman practices vide (Paschal Controversy). Not long after the Synod, St. Agilbert returned to Gaul where he took part in the episcopal consecration of St. Wilfrid, and soon was elevated to the See of Paris (circa 666–668) St. Agilbert served as Bishop of Paris until his repose circa 679–690, and was buried in the crypt at Jouarre Abbey.
ANSILIO, (Seventh Century), a monk at the Abbey of St. Peter (abbaye Saint-Pierre de Lagny) in present-day Lagny-sur-Marne (about 28km / 17mi east of Paris). Nothing further seems to be known of him.
BRUNO the GREAT, The youngest son of Henry I the Fowler, King of East Francia (r. 919–936) and St. Matilda of Saxony (14th March), and brother of Otto I the Great, Holy Roman Emperor (r. 936–973). St. Bruno served as Abbot of Imperial Abbey of Lorsch (Reichsabtei Lorsch) in the present-day German state of Hesse, and the Princely Abbey of Corvey (Fürststift Corvey) in the present-day German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, where he restored monastic discipline before he was consecrated Archbishop of Cologne (North Rhine-Westphalia) in 953. Soon after was made Duke of Lorraine by Otto. St. Bruno was a zealous pastor whose episcopate marked a new age in the city’s growth — spiritually, scholarly, and physically; many of the next generation of German ecclesiastical leaders were educated at St. Bruno's court, and he not only extended the then cathedral to the point where it was said to rival St. Peter's in Rome, he built churches and founded the Abbey of St. Pantaleon (Abtei St. Pantaleon) at Cologne. St. Bruno reposed in 965 whilst on a mission to Reims (north-eastern France), and was buried at St. Pantaleon's Abbey.
CANICE (CAINNECH, KENNETH) of AGHABOE, most of what we know of St. Canice is based upon legend. However, it is possible to glean a few facts from the Vita Columbæ by St. Adomnán of Iona (23rd September) in which he makes multiple references to St. Canice. St. Canice was born in present-day Co. Londonderry, Northern Ireland, and went to Clonard Abbey (Co. Meath, Ireland) to study under the great ‘Teacher of the Irish western-saints’ St. Finian of Clonard (12th December), with the group that came to be known as the ‘Twelve Apostles of Ireland’. He then went on the study under St. Mobhi of Glasnevin (12th October) at Glasnevin Abbey in present-day Co. Dublin, Ireland. When plague forced that community to disperse, St. Canice went to Wales to be a monk at Llancarfan under St. Cadog of Llancarfan (24th January). In time, St. Canice went north to assist in the evangelisation of the Scots. In Scotland he built the first church in what is now St. Andrews, and earned such respect amongst the Scots that he is one of the three favourite Irish saints in Scotland (along with SS. Bridget of Ireland (1st February) and Columba of Iona (9th June). St. Canice the returned to Ireland where he founded several monasteries on lands granted to him by the local king. His primary establishment was the Abbey of Aghaboe (in present-day Co. Laois) of which he served as Abbot. Towards the end of his life St. Canice wrote a commentary on the Gospels, which came to be known as the Glas-Chainnigh or Chain of Cainnech. St. Canice reposed and was buried at Aghaboe, towards the end of the sixth century at the age of eighty-four. He is the patron saint of Kilkenny, Co. Kilkenny, Ireland.
EMILIAN of RENNES, (Date Unknown), according to pre-2001 editions of the Roman Martyrology St. Emilian was a hermit at Rennes Brittany (north-western France), however, there is no local record of his existence.
EUFRIDUS, a seventh century monk near Asti in Piedmont (north-western Italy), whose relics were enshrined in the Cathedral of St. Lawrence (Cattedrale di San Lorenzo) in Alba also in Piedmont. Nothing further is known of his life.
FIRMINUS (FIRMIN) of UZÈS, a native of Narbonne in southern Gaul (France). Educated by his uncle Roricius, the third Bishop of Uzès (southern France), St. Firminus served as fourth Bishop of Uzès, from 538 until his repose in 553. His relics are enshrined at the Cathedral of St. Theodore of Uzès (Cathédrale Saint-Théodorit d'Uzès).
GERMANUS of BESANÇON, (Fourth Century), an early Bishop of Besançon (eastern France), there are no reliable details of his life extant, but it appears certain that he was martyred by heretics (probably Arians) towards the end of the fourth century.
GRATUS (GRAT) of OLORON, the first Bishop of Oloron in Aquitaine (south-western France), it is believed he took part in the Council of Agde (southern France) in 506, and reposed later that year.
GUMMARUS (GOMER), a son of the Lord of Emblem (near present-day Lier in northern Belgium), member of the court of Pepin the Short, King of the Franks (r. 751–768), and later a soldier. St. Gummarus married a young noblewoman who proved to be a cruel and capricious harridan who was abusive to servants and tenants. This behaviour weighed heavily on the deeply devout St. Gummarus, and in time he and his wife separated. St. Gummarus became a hermit at Nivesdonck, and soon attracted disciples. The area around his hermitage grew into present-day northern Belgium town of Lier. St. Gummarus reposed circa 774.
JULIANA of PAVILLY, a servant girl who received monastic tonsure at Pavilly Abbey in Normandy (north-western France), where she was a spiritual child of the Abbess, Benedicta. Upon Benedicta’s repose, St. Juliana was unanimously chosen to be the Abbess. St. Juliana reposed circa 750.
PLACIDIA, there is no verifiable information on St. Placidia extant, however according to tradition she was a monastic who lived in Verona (northern Italy) in the mid-fifth century, reposing circa 460.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.