Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
11th May (NS) — 28th April (OS)
28th April O.S.
ADALBERO of DILLINGEN or AUGSBURG (ADELBERO von DILLINGEN or AUGSBURG), scion of the Counts of Dillingen (Duchy of Swabia, present-day Bavaria, Germany), and uncle of St. Ulric (4th July). St. Adalbero received monastic tonsure in 850 at Dillingen Abbey. He served as tutor to the future King Louis IV (Louis the Child) (r. 900–911), and as Abbot of the Imperial Abbey of Ellwangen (Reichskloster (Fürstpropstei) Ellwangen). St. Adalbero was consecrated Bishop of Augsburg in present-day Bavaria, Germany circa 887 serving until his repose in 909.
APHRODISIUS, CARALIPPUS, AGAPIUS, and EUSEBIUS, (Date Uncertain), early martyrs in Languedoc (present-day region of Occitanie in the south of France). Various traditions place them in the first, second, or third centuries Their lives were memorialised by St. Gregory of Tours (17th November).
ARTEMIUS of SENS, a native of Sens who became Bishop of that See. He attended both the Second (581 or 582) and Third (585) Synods of Mâcon. St. Artemius was also the spiritual father of St. Bond (15th September). St. Artemius reposed in 609.
CRONAN of ROSCREA, the founder of several monasteries in Ireland, the major one being at Roscrea, Co. Tipperary. St. Cronan was known for his wonderworking, and had many disciples. St. Cronan reposed circa 640; his relics were enshrined in the church at Roscrea.
GERARD, (Probably Seventh Century), traditionally believed to have been one of four pilgrims from England — the other three were Ardwine, Bernard, and Hugh — who all reposed in Galinaro in the south of present-day Italy whilst on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. There is some doubt amongst scholars as to the historical authenticity of their existence, and if they did indeed exist, the century in which they flourished.
MARK of GALILEE, according to tradition, St. Mark was a native of Galilee who went to Italy where he was converted by St. Peter (29th June). The Apostle then dispatched him to the Abruzzi (southern Italy) to enlighten the local population and serve as first Bishop of that See. St. Mark’s mission was quite fruitful, though he was martyred 92.
PAMPHILUS of SULMONA, a seventh century Bishop of Sulmona and Corfinium in the Abruzzi (southern Italy). St. Pamphilus was renowned as a wonderworker, and his seemingly endless charity and love for the poor.
POLLIO of CYBALAE, a reader of the church of Cybalae in Pannonia (present-day Vinkovci, Croatia). St. Pollio, along with a group of fellow Christians, was martyred, circa 304, during the Diocletianic Persecution.
PRUDENTIUS of TARAZONA, St. Prudentius became a hermit at the age of fifteen, and seven years later began evangelising the area around Calahorra Aragon (Spain). A wonderworker of some renown, he was soon ordained to the priesthood. After serving as Canon in the church at Calahorra, St. Prudentius was consecrated Bishop of Tarazona, Aragon. St. Prudentius reposed in the late seventh century.
URSICINUS of RAVENNA, a physician sentenced to death for being a Christian. As the time of his martyrdom came closer, St. Ursicinus’ began to weaken and thoughts of apostasy entered his mind. However, with the support and encouragement of St. Vitalis of Milan (vide infra), St. Ursicinus remained resolute and was beheaded for his faith, circa 67.
VALERIA of MILAN, (First or Second Century), wife of St. Vitalis of Milan (vide infra), and mother of SS. Gervase and Protase (19th June). St. Valeria was martyred along with her husband St. Vitalis (vide infra).
VITALIS of MILAN, (First or Second Century), husband of St. Valeria (vide supra), and father of SS. Gervase and Protase (19th June). St. Vitalis is believed to have given moral and emotional support to St. Ursicinus of Ravenna (vide supra) whilst facing martyrdom.
11th May N.S.
ANASTASIUS of LÉRIDA, a soldier of the Imperial Roman Army martyred in 303 at Lérida in Catalonia (Spain) during the Diocletianic Persecution.
ANTHIMUS of ROME, a priest in Rome, very successful in bringing people to Christ, and at the same time avoiding the attention of the authorities. Though when St. Anthimus converted a Prefect, the authorities took notice. He was arrested and sentenced to be drowned in the Tiber. However, when the sentence was carried out, he was miraculously pulled from the river by an angel. St. Anthimus recommenced his evangelisation, but was soon arrested again, and this time beheaded on the Via Salaria outside of Rome, in 303.
EVELLIUS of PISA, an advisor to Emperor Nero (r. 54–68), who was so impressed by the faith and patience of martyrs that he converted to Christianity. St. Evellius then fled the imperial court and Rome, but was captured and beheaded in Pisa circa 66.
FREMUND of DUNSTABLE, St. Fremund was an Anglo-Saxon hermit, and perhaps a member of the Royal Family of Mercia. He appears to have been martyred in 866 by Viking marauders. His relics were enshrined at Dunstable in Bedfordshire, England.
GENGULPHUS (GANDOUL, GANGLOFF, GANGULF) of BURGUNDY, a nobleman and courtier in the Merovingian court in Burgundy. When his wife proved to be a serial adulteress, St. Gengulphus lived as a hermit in his castle. He was murdered by one of his wife’s paramours in 760. Due to the circumstances of his death, and the miracles wrought at his tomb, St. Gengulphus has been honoured as a martyr.
ILLUMINATUS of SAN SEVERINO, a late tenth century monk at Abbey of San Mariano (Abbazia di San Mariano) in present-day valle Fabiana, San Severino Marche, Italy.
MAJOLUS (MAIEUL) of CLUNY, a priest at Lyon (east-central France), who, when chosen to become Bishop of Besançon, fled to the Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul of Cluny (abbaye Saint-Pierre et Saint-Paul de Cluny — Cluny Abbey) where he received monastic tonsure. When the Abbot, Aymard, became blind, he resigned, and St. Majolus was elected Abbot of Cluny. His education and piety led him to be called upon to advise not just other monastic communities seeking to improve their discipline, but secular authorities as well, especially Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor (r. 973–983). St. Majolus reposed at Sauvigny (north-eastern France) in 994, whilst on his way to Paris.
MAMERTUS of VIENNE, second Archbishop of Vienne (south-eastern France), it is believed he is the Bishop Mammertus listed amongst the attendees of the Council of Aries in 475. St. Mamertus reposed later that year.
MAXIMUS, BASSUS, and FABIUS of SABINA, three Christians martyred in 304, on the Via Salaria outside Rome during the Diocletianic Persecution.
POSSESSOR of VERDUN, Bishop of Verdun (north-eastern France) from 470 until his repose circa 485. St. Possessor shepherded his flock during a time of endless waves of Frank, Vandal, and Goth invasions.
PRINCIPIA of ROME, a disciple of St. Marcella (31st January) in Rome. St. Principia reposed circa 420.
SISINIUS, DIOCLETIUS, and FLORENTIUS, Martyrs of Osimo, martyred in 303 at Osimo near Ancona (Italian Marches) during the Diocletianic Persecution.
TUDY (TUDINUS, TEGWIN, THETGO), (Fifth Century), a disciple of St. Brieuc of Brittany (1st May). St. Tudy was a monk, missionary in Brittany (France) and Cornwall (England), and finally Abbot of the Abbey of St. Winwalöe of Landévennec (abbaye Saint-Guénolé de Landévennec — Landévennec Abbey) in Brittany.
WALBERT (VAUBERT) of HAINAUT, a Duke of Lorraine (France), and Count of Hainaut (Belgium). St. Walbert was married to St. Bertille of Thuringia (3rd January) with whom he fathered SS. Waldetrudis (9th April) and Aldegund (30th January). Nothing further seems to be known of his life. St. Walbert reposed circa 678.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.