Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
11th June (NS) — 29th May (OS)
29th May O.S.
ELEUTHERIUS of ROCCA d’ARCE, (Date Uncertain), a pilgrim, believed to have been from England and the brother of SS. Grimbald (8th July) and Fulk (22nd May), however there is a great deal of doubt as to the veracity of the information on his life that has been passed down.
GERALD of MÂCON, a Bishop of Mâcon (east-central France) for forty years. In his last years, St. Gerald retired from his See and lived as a hermit near Brou in present-day Bourg-en-Bresse, France, where he reposed 927.
JOHN de ATARÉS, a hermit in the Pyrenees Mountains of Aragon (the location of the present-day town of Santa Cruz de la Serós, Spain). St. John reposed circa 750. In the tenth century the monastery of San Juan de la Peña was built into the rock where St. John had his hermitage. In its day, the monastery was the centre of Christianity of the Kingdoms of Navarre and Aragon (present-day Spain).
MAXIMINUS (MAXIMIN) of TRIER, a native of Silly near Poitiers in Vienne (south-eastern France), in 333 St. Maximinus was consecrated the sixth Bishop of Trier (south-western Germany). A fervent foe of Arianism, St. Maximinus played significant roles in the Councils Sardica (343), Milan (345), and chaired the Council of Cologne (346). St. Jerome (30th September) said St. Maximinus was “a generous defender of the Faith and one of the most courageous Bishops of his time”. St. Maximinus also hosted SS. Athanasius the Great and Paul the Confessor during their exiles. St. Maximinus reposed circa 349.
MAXIMUS of VERONA, a sixth century Bishop of Verona (northern Italy).
RESTITUTUS, martyred in Rome circa 299, during the Diocletianic Persecution.
SISINIUS, MARTYRIUS, and ALEXANDER, Martyrs of Trentino, St. Sisinius, a deacon, and brothers SS. Martyrius, a lector, and Alexander, a porter, were sent by St. Ambrose of Milan (7th December) to enlighten the Tyrol (western Austria). Warmly received by St. Vigilius of Trent (26th June), they enjoyed great success bringing pagans to Christ. However, this earned the enmity of the area’s pagan leadership, who martyred them in 397.
ULRIC of EINSIEDELN, a son of the hermit St. Gerold of Saxony (19th April). St. Ulric received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of Our Lady of the Hermits (Kloster Einsiedeln) in Einsiedeln in present-day Schwyz, Switzerland. Following the repose of his father, St. Ulric became a hermit in the cell St. Gerold had occupied. St. Ulric reposed circa 978.
VOTUS, FELIX, and JOHN de ATARÉS, brothers who became hermits along with St. John (vide supra) in the Pyrenees Mountains of Aragon (the location of the present-day town of Santa Cruz de la Serós, Spain). SS. Votus and Felix reposed circa 750. In the tenth century, the monastery of San Juan de la Peña was built into the rock at the location of their hermitage. In its day, the monastery was the centre of Christianity of the Kingdoms of Navarre and Aragon.
11th June N.S.
BLITHARIUS (BLIER), (Seventh Century), a native of Scotland who accompanied St. Fursey (16th January) to Neustria (in present-day France). St. Blitharius settled in present-day Champagne region in north-eastern France. He is described as having been a man who spent his whole life in penance and prayer.
FELIX and FORTUNATUS of AQUILEIA, two brothers who were brutally tortured to death circa 296 in Aquileia (north-eastern Italy) during the Diocletianic Persecution.
HEREBALD (HERBAND) of BRETAGNE, (Eighth Century), a Briton who went to Brittany (north-western France) where he lived as a hermit.
TOCHUMRA, (Date Unknown), there are two St. Tochumras listed for this day, neither of whom have Lives extant. According to the noted hagiographer and historian John Colgan O.F.M. (†c. 1657), the first was the titular saint of the parish of Tochumrach in the See of Fenabore (Killfenora) in Co. Clare; the second from the See of Kilmore, in Co. Cavan, both in Ireland. Her intercession was called upon by women in labour. No further information about either of them is extant.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.