Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
10th October (NS) — 27th September (OS)
27th September O.S.
ADHENTUS (ABDERITUS, ADERY), (Second Century), a native of Greece, he served as the second Bishop of Ravenna, succeeding St. Apollinaris (23rd July). St. Adhentus’ relics are enshrined in the Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe near Ravenna.
ADOLPHUS and JOHN, two brothers, sons of a Muslim father and a Christian mother. SS. Adolphus and John were martyred after being caught up in the persecutions conducted by Emir Abd ar-Rahman II in Córdoba circa 850.
BARROG (BARRWG, BARNOCH, BARRY), (Seventh Century), St. Barrog was a disciple of St. Cadoc of Wales (24th January), and is the namesake of Barry Island off the coast of Glamorgan, where he lived as an anchorite.
CERAUNUS (CERAN), sixth Bishop of Paris who reposed circa 614, his relics are enshrined in the church of St. Geneviève in Paris.
DEODATUS, (Date Unknown), a martyr in Sora in central Italy, whose relics were enshrined in the cathedral there in 1621. No further information on his life is extant.
FIDENTIUS and TERENCE, (Date Unknown), martyrs whose relics were discovered in the twelfth century at Todi in central Italy. There is no further information extant.
FLORENTINUS and HILARY, (Date Uncertain), two hermits martyred in France by the Vandal invaders of Gaul. Though there is some debate as to most of the details of their lives, it is agreed they had their tongues were torn out before their being beheaded.
GAIUS of MILAN, (First Century), very little is known with any certainty about St. Gaius. He is thought to have been a spiritual child of the Apostle Barnabas, and was the third Bishop of Milan. He served that See for twenty-four years, and is believed to have baptised St. Vitalis (28th April) and SS. Gervase and Protase (19th June).
HILTRUDE, daughter of a Poitevin nobleman, who lived as a hermit near Liessies Abbey, in present-day Nord-Pas-de-Calais France, under the spiritual direction of her brother, Gunrad, who was Abbot. St. Hiltrude reposed circa 790.
MARCELLUS, a native of either Scotland or Ireland who was a monk at Abbey of Saint Gall (Abtei St. Gallen) in Switzerland. St. Marcellus reposed circa 869.
10th October N.S.
ALDERICUS (ALDRIC, AUDRI), after receiving monastic tonsure at the Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul of Ferrières (l'abbaye Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul de Ferrières), in the Centre-Val de Loire region of present-day north-central France, St. Aldericus served as a priest in the Archdiocese of Sens. He later served as Chancellor of the Archdiocese of Sens before being consecrated its Archbishop in 828. St. Aldericus reposed in 841.
CASSIUS and FLORENTIUS, (Late Third Century), according to tradition SS. Cassius and Florentius were members of the Theban Legion (22nd September) who were beheaded at Bonn for the faith. The Bonn Minster, originally the collegiate church of SS. Cassius and Florentius, is situated at the spot where they are believed to have been martyred. SS. Cassius and Florentius are the patron saints of Bonn.
CERBONIUS of Verona, venerated as a Bishop of Verona who reposed circa 400, nothing certain is known of his life.
CERBONIUS, a priest from North Africa who, like most of his fellow Christians, fled the Arian Vandals, settling in Populonia in Tuscany. Known for his holiness of life, St. Cerbonius was chosen to serve as Bishop of Populonia circa 544. He later was exiled to Elba for having hidden Roman soldiers from the invading Ostrogoths. St. Cerbonius spent the rest of his life as a hermit on Elba, reposing in 575. He was buried at Populonia, however his relics were later translated to Massa Marittima in southern Tuscany and enshrined in the Cathedral of Saint Cerbonius.
CLARUS, (Third Century), a missionary to Brittany, who served as the first Bishop of Nantes. According to some traditions, St. Clarus was a disciple of the Apostle Peter (29th June).
FULK, the twenty-first Abbot of Fontenelle (Abbey of St. Wandrille) in Normandy. He reposed in 845.
GEREON, (Late Third Century), believed to have been an officer in the Theban Legion (22nd September), and member of the same detachment as SS. Cassius and Florentius (vide supra), martyred in or near Cologne. St. Gereon's Basilica in Cologne commemorates him.
PATRICIAN, (Fifth Century), a bishop of an unknown See in Scotland. Forced to flee his See by heathen invaders, St. Patrician spent the rest of his life in exile on the Isle of Man. Nothing further is known of his life.
PAULINUS of CAPUA, a pilgrim, most likely British, who, while staying in Capua (near Naples), was selected to be their bishop by the local population, albeit against his will. Acquiescing, St. Paulinus served that See as a model prelate for eight years, reposing in 843.
PAULINUS of YORK, a native of Rome, St. Paulinus, along with SS. Mellitus (24th April) and Justus (10th November), was sent England by Pope St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September) to reinforce St. Augustine’s (27th May) mission. St. Bede the Venerable (25th May) writes in his Historia ecclesiastica, that when St. Ethelburga of Kent (8th September), married King St. Edwin of Northumbria (12th October), St. Paulinus was consecrated the first Bishop of York, and accompanied St. Ethelburga to her new home. Once in Northumbria, St. Paulinus, with the assistance of St. Ethelburga, converted King St. Edwin and was instrumental in the conversion of Northumbria. Following King St. Edwin’s martyrdom in 633, St. Ethelburga returned to Kent accompanied by St. Paulinus, who was then made Bishop of Rochester, serving that See until his repose in 644.
TANCA, a maiden from Troyes in north-central Gaul, who was martyred defending her virginity circa 637.
VICTOR and COMPANIONS, (Late Third Century), a group of three hundred and thirty soldiers of the Theban Legion (22nd September) who were martyred at Agaunum (present-day Saint-Maurice, Switzerland). No further information is extant.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.