Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
10th January (NS) — 28th December (OS)
28th December O.S.
ANTONY of LÉRINS, a native of Lower Pannonia (a part of present-day Hungary), who spent most of his adult life as a hermit near Lake Como in Lombardy. Unfortunately, he and some of the nearby hermits, attracted a large number of disciples and St. Antony fled to Lérins where he spent the last two years as a hermit, reposing circa 520.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
CASTOR, VICTOR, and ROGATIAN, (Date Unknown), three martyrs in North Africa of whom nothing further is known.
DOMNIO, (Fourth Century), a priest in Rome, who also collected old texts many of which were used by St. Jerome (30th September) as source materials.
MAUGHOLD (MACCALDUS) of MAN, according to tradition St. Maughold of Man was an Irish bandit who was converted to Christianity by St. Patrick (17th March). St. Maughold was then sent to the Isle of Man where he lived as a hermit for a time before he was selected by the Manx people to succeed SS. Romulus and Conindrus (vide infra) as bishop. He is remembered as having had a very fruitful episcopate. St Maughold reposed circa 488, and is the Patron Saint of the Isle of Man. St. Maughold is commemorated on the calendar of the Moscow Patriarchate on 27th April.
ROMULUS and CONINDRUS, contemporaries of St. Patrick (17th March), SS. Romulus and Conindrus were two of the first evangelise the Isle of Man. They were undoubtedly bishops, and it is possible they were sent to the Isle of Man by St. Patrick, and later returned to Ireland to assist in its conversion, however there are no particulars of their lives extant. SS. Romulus and Conindrus reposed circa 450.
10th January N.S.
AGATHO, Pope of Rome from 678 until his repose in 681. Originally from Sicily, St. Agatho was a businessman for most of his life, who then received monastic tonsure, and prior to his election to the papacy he was the treasurer of the church of Rome. St. Agatho was elected seventy-ninth Pope of Rome in 678. As Pope, St. Agatho worked to resolve the conflict between SS. Wilfrid (12th October) and Theodore (19th September) over the boundaries of the See of York. He also fought against the Monothelite heresy, and his writings played a crucial role in formulating the decision of the Sixth Œcumenical Council in Constantinople in 680 against Monothelitism. St. Agatho reposed in 681.
DERMOT (DIARMIS, DIARMAID), (sixth century), Known from his earliest years for his sanctity, he was the spiritual father and teacher of St. Kieran of Clonmacnoise (9th September). St. Dermot went on to found, and serve as first abbot of a monastery on Innis-Clotran Island (Inchcleraun), Co. Longford Ireland.
JOHN CAMILLUS the GOOD, consecrated thirty-seventh Bishop of Milan in 641, St. John Camillus was the first Bishop of Milan in eighty years able to reside in Milan following the Lombard invasion. He was an indefatigable defender of orthodoxy against the heresies of Arianism and Monothelitism. St. John Camillus reposed circa 660.
PETER ORSEOLO (URSEOLUS), a Venetian who served as Admiral of the Venetian fleet and then Doge of Venice. After two years as Doge he abandoned the world and entered the Abbey of Saint-Michel-de-Cuxa in the Pyrenees, where he received monastic tonsure. There he was a disciple of St. Romuald (19th June), who ultimately advised St. Peter to live as a hermit, which he did, until his repose in 987.
PETRONIUS, born in Avignon, St. Petronius received monastic tonsure at Lérins Abbey, and finally served as second (or possibly third) Bishop of Die from circa 456 until his repose circa 463.
SETHRID (SÆTHRYTH), a stepdaughter of Anna, King of East Anglia, and half-sister of SS. Etheldred (Audrey) (23rd June) and Ethelburgh (7th July). St. Sethrid received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of Notre-Dame de Faremoutiers under St. Burgundofara (3rd April), whom she succeeded as abbess. St. Sethrid reposed circa 660.
THOMIAN (TOIMEN), St. Thomian was the seventeenth Archbishop of Armagh, from circa 623 until circa 660. Always renowned for his great sanctity of life, he is also remembered for a letter he wrote to Rome concerning the Paschal Controversy.