Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
10th February (NS) — 28th January (OS)
28th January O.S.
ANTIMUS, an eighth century Abbot of The Abbey of St. Peter of Brantôme (L'abbaye Saint-Pierre de Brantôme) in south-western Gaul.
BRIGID and MAURA, (Date Unknown), two daughters of a Scottish chieftain who, whilst on a pilgrimage to Rome, were martyred in Picardy. However, there is some question as to the veracity of their legend.
CANNERA (CAINDER, KINNERA), St. Cannera was an Irish holy virgin who, from an early age, lived as an anchoress near Bantry Co. Cork. After receiving a vision of St. Senan’s (8th March) sanctity, she sought him out, and, having received Holy Communion at his hands, reposed circa 530. She was buried at St. Senan’s monastery on Scattery Island (Inis Cathaigh).
FLAVIAN, a Roman Prefect (or possibly Deputy-Prefect) who converted to Christianity and was martyred at Civitavecchia (approximately 50 km / 30 mi north-west of Rome) during the Diocletianic Persecution circa 300 – 304.
GLASTIAN, St. Glastian was a Scottish bishop who acted as a mediator between the Picts and the Scots during their last civil war. Serving as the comforter, spiritual father, and charitable protector of many thousands of both nations, he did much to alleviate the suffering of the Picts under the subjugation of the Scots. He reposed 830 and is the patron saint of Kinglassie (Cille MoGhlasaidh) in his native Fife, and is venerated in Kyntire as well.
JOHN of REOMAY (JEAN de RÉOMÉ), the Roman Martyrology called St. John "A Man of God", and from an early age, St. John lived as a hermit in present-day Moutiers-Saint-Jean near the Réôme River (approximately 65 km / 40 mi north-west of Dijon). In time many disciples gathered round him, disturbing his solitude. Seeking to continue his life of seclusion, St. John went to the Abbey of Our Lady of Lérins, however, he was ordered to return to his hermitage, and serve as abbot of the community that had gathered. That community came to be known as the Abbey of St. John of Réome (abbaye Saint-Jean de Réome). St. John reposed in 539.
ODO of BEAUVAIS, though St. Odo initially planned on a career in the military, for reasons no longer known, he received monastic tonsure at the Royal Abbey of St. Peter of Corbie (L'abbaye royale Saint-Pierre de Corbie) in Picardy. St. Odo was made Abbot of Corbie in 851, and then consecrated Bishop of Beauvais in 861. St. Odo reposed in 880.
VALERIUS (VALERO), Bishop of Saragossa (Zaragoza) in present-day Spain from 290 to 315. His tenure as Bishop was interrupted when he was arrested and exiled during the Diocletianic Persecution, until the Edict of Toleration (311) permitted his return. St. Valerius reposed in peace in Saragossa in 315.
10th February N.S.
AUSTREBERTA, a native of northern France. St. Austreberta fled her home to avoid being forced into an arranged marriage. She received monastic tonsure from St. Omer (9th September) at Abbeville. In her later years, St. Austreberta served as the first Abbess of Pavilly, where she reposed in 704.
BALDEGUNDIS, a sixth century Abbess of Saint-Croix Abbey in Poitiers. St. Baldegundis reposed circa 580.
DESIDERATUS (DÉSIRÉ), (Sixth Century), the 19th Bishop of Clermont succeeding St. Avitus (21st August). No further information on St. Desideratus is extant.
ERLUPH, a native of either Scotland or Ireland, St. Erluph went to Saxony to evangelise, and was later consecrated Bishop of Werden. In 830, St. Erluph was martyred by pagans.
MARTYRS of ROME, ten soldiers martyred on the Via Lavicana in Rome circa 250. Of the ten, Amantius, Hyacinthus, Ireiueus, and Zoticus, are the only names that have come down to us.
MEREWENNA, of noble Irish birth, she was the first Abbess of Romsey in Hampshire after its restoration under King Edward the Peaceful. Under her leadership, the monastery prospered and even attracted royalty, including the princess St. Elfleda (8th February). St. Merewenna reposed circa 970.
PROTHADIUS (PROTAGIUS), a seventh century Bishop of Besançon in Gaul. St. Prothadius succeeded St. Nicetius (8th February) circa 614. He reposed in 624.
SALVIUS, an Abbot at Albelda in northern Aragon. St. Salvius reposed in 962.
SCHOLASTICA, twin sister of St. Benedict (11th July). St. Scholastica is considered the first female Benedictine and led a community in Plombariola near Monte Cassino, reposing circa 543. St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September), in his Life and Miracles of St. Benedict (Book Two of the Dialogues), says that St. Benedict saw her soul ascend to heaven in the form of a dove.
SILVANUS, (Date Unknown), most likely a Bishop of Terracina, which is midway between Rome and Naples. The Martyrologium Hieronymianum lists him as a Confessor. Nothing further is known about St. Silvanus.
SOTERIS, a young Roman maiden, who, during the Diocletianic Persecution was arrested, tortured, and then put to death. On more than one occasion St. Ambrose of Milan (7th December) used the story of her life and martyrdom and an example Milanese maidens should strive to emulate.
TRUMWIN, consecrated by St. Theodore of Canterbury (19th September) as Bishop of the Southern Picts in Scotland, St. Trumwin was a close friend of St. Cuthbert (26th October). According to St. Bede the Venerable (25th May), he was in attendance at the Synod on the Alne (684). He suffered greatly in his work amongst the Picts, and often had to flee from province to province. When the Picts overran his monastery, St. Trumwin retired to Whitby, where he served as spiritual father to the nuns there under St. Elfleda (8th February), reposing in the beginning of the eighth century.
ZOTICUS, IRENAEUS, HYACINTH, AMANTIUS, and COMPANIONS, a group of ten soldiers martyred in Rome in 120. They were buried on the Via Lavicana. Aside from these four names, nothing is known about these martyrs.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.