Dr. John (Ellsworth) Hutchison-HallWritings on Orthodox Christian theology and related miscellanea.
Western Saints of the Orthodox Church — 5th June
ADALAR (ADALHER), fellow worker with St. Boniface (vide infra) in the evangelisation of Friesland. St. Adalar was martyred, along with St. Boniface, at Dokkum in Friesland 755.
BONIFACE, Enlightener of Germany, following education at monasteries at Exeter and Winchester, and numerous years as a monastic, St. Boniface, responding to a missionary calling, left England (716) to evangelise Friesland. Several years later, Pope St. Gregory II (11th February) consecrated St. Boniface bishop (later elevating him to Archbishop, and then Metropolitan beyond the Rhine) and charged him with the conversion of the Germanic peoples. St. Boniface established his See at Mainz, and for over twenty years, blessed by God, St. Boniface brought many to Christ. He then resigned his See and returned to Friesland to finish the work he had begun decades earlier. At Dokkum in Friesland, St. Boniface and fifty-two of his companions, including SS. Adalar (vide supra), and Eoban (vide infra), were martyred by pagans they were trying to convert, 755. St. Boniface was interred at Fulda Abbey, in the present-day German state of Hesse.
EOBAN, an Irishman and member of SS. Willibrord (7th November) and Boniface (vide supra) mission to Friesland. Appointed Bishop of Utrecht by St. Boniface, St. Eoban was one of the martyrs along with SS. Boniface and Adalar at Dokkum 755.
FELIX of FRITZLAR, a monk at Fritzlar Abbey and contemporary of St. Boniface (vide supra). St, Felix martyred by a pagan mob circa 790.
Let us stand fast in what is right and prepare our souls for trial. . . . Let us be neither dogs that do not bark nor silent onlookers nor paid servants who run away before the wolf. – St. Boniface
FLORENTIUS, JULIAN, CYRIACUS, MARCELLINUS, and FAUSTINUS (MARTYRS of PERUGIA), a group of martyrs who were beheaded at Perugia (250) during the Decian Persecution.
MEINWERK, a member of the House of Immedinger, St. Meinwerk held several ecclesiastical positions, including Chaplain to the Court of Otto III, prior to being consecrated Bishop of Paderborn in 1009. During the twenty-seven years St. Meinwerk served the See of Paderborn, he undertook many construction projects, building monasteries and churches, which earned him the sobriquet ‘the Builder Bishop. St. Meinwerk repose 1036, and was buried in the crypt of the church at Abdinghof Abbey in Paderborn.
SANCTIUS (SANCHO, SANCIUS), a life-long Christian and native of Gaul captured during war with the Moors. St. Sanctius was then taken to Cordoba where he was educated at court and then enrolled in the Emir’s Guards. He was martyred (851) by impalement for his refusal to embrace Islam.
TUDNO, St. Tudno was a sixth century Welsh saint for whom Llandudno in Gwynedd is named. No other information on his life is extant.
WACCAR, GUNDEKAR, ELLEHER, and HATHAWULF, monks and members of the group working with St. Boniface (vide supra) that were martyred at Dokkum, 754.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.