Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
8th June (NS) — 26th May (OS)
26th May O.S.
BECAN, (Sixth Century), St. Becan, an anchorite near Cork in Ireland, was renowned for his great asceticism.
DYFAN (DERUVIANUS, DAMIAN), St. Dyfan of Merthyr, Protomartyr of Wales, is said to have been one of the missionaries sent to Britain by Pope St. Eleutherius (vide infra) at the request of King St. Lucius (3rd December). The church of Merthyr Dyfan in Barry in the Vale of Glamorgan, south Wales, commemorates his martyrdom circa 180.
ELEUTHERIUS, the thirteenth Pope of Rome, St. Eleutherius succeeded St. Soterius (22nd April) in either 171 or 177, serving until his repose in either 185 or 193. At the request of King St. Lucius (3rd December), St. Eleutherius sent missionaries to Britain circa 180.
FELICISSIMUS, HERACLIUS and PAULINUS, martyrs at Todi in Umbria circa 303, during the Diocletianic Persecution. They believed to have been buried at Santo Stefano, just outside Porta Fratta.
FUGATIUS and DAMIAN, (Second Century), according to the Roman Breviary, SS. Fugatius and Damian were amongst the group of missionaries sent to Britain by Pope St. Eleutherius (vide supra). There are churches dedicated to them in southern Wales.
GUINIZO, a native of Spain, who received monastic tonsure at Abbey of Monte Cassino. Following a destruction of the Abbey, St. Guinizo lived as a hermit on the mountain until his repose circa 1050.
ODUVALD, St. Oduvald was a Scottish nobleman who renounced the world and received monastic tonsure at Melrose Abbey. He was a contemporary of St. Cuthbert (20th March), and went on to serve as Abbot of Melrose. St. Oduvald reposed 698.
PRISCUS and COMPANIONS, St. Priscus, an officer in the Imperial Army, several of his soldiers, and an unknown number (thought to be numerous) of civilians all martyred near Auxerre circa 272. St. Priscus was tried and condemned to death, unlike most of his companions who were martyred without trial.
QUADRATUS, (Date Uncertain), a martyr in Africa Proconsularis. There is a possibility he was martyred along with five others. St. Augustine of Hippo (28th August) gave a sermon in which he praised St. Quadratus.
REGINTRUDIS, there is little information on the life of St. Regintrudis extant. Whilst she and her husband Duke Theodo provided a great deal of support over all to St. Rupert (27th March) in his work to evangelise the Duke’s lands, St. Regintrudis took special interest in the establishment of the monasteries which came to be known as St. Peter’s Abbey and Nonnberg. She helped choose the site and made sure the community was endowed with the properties which would generate income to support the abbey at what came to be known as Nonnberg (mountain of nuns). Following Duke Theodo’s repose, circa 716, St. Regintrudis entered Nonnberg where she received monastic tonsure and eventually served as the community’s fourth Abbess. St. Regintrudis reposed circa 750.
SIMITRIUS and COMPANIONS, a group of twenty-three martyrs in Rome who were arrested while praying and summarily executed, circa 159.
ZACHARY, the first or second Bishop of Vienne. St. Zachary was martyred circa 106, during the reign of Emperor Trajan (98 – 117).
8th June N.S.
BRON, there is no written record of St. Bron extant, however he is mentioned in the Lives of both SS. Patrick (17th March) and Brigid (1st February). From these we learn that he was a disciple of St. Patrick and founding Bishop of Cassel-Irra (also called Killaspugbrone from the Irish: Cill Easpaig Brón, meaning “The Church of Bishop Bró882n”), near present-day Strandhill, Co. Sligo in Ireland. It appears St. Bron reposed circa 511.
CLODULF (CLOU), a son of St. Arnulf (18th July), and raised in the Austrasian Court, St. Clodulf had the potential to enjoy a very successful secular career ahead of him. St. Clodulf preferred serving the Church, and in time he followed in his father’s footsteps as Bishop of Metz. Consecrated 656, he served his See for forty years, until his repose 696.
EUSTADIOLA, following the repose of her husband, St. Eustadiola spent her wealth building the Abbey of Moyenmoutier (later the Abbey of Saint-Hydulphe) in the Vosges. There she received monastic tonsure and lived as a nun and ultimately served as abbess. St. Eustadiola reposed 690.
GILDARD (GODARD), a sixth century Bishop of Rouen, at one time, erroneously, said to have been the (twin) brother of St. Medard (vide infra). St. Gildard is recorded as having assisted at the first Council of Orléans 511.
HERACLIUS of SENS, the fourteenth Bishop of Sens (487 – 515). St. Heraclus was one of the Hierarchs present at the baptism of Clovis at Rheims Cathedral. He was buried (515) at The Abbey of Saint-Jean-lès-Sens, which he had built during his episcopacy.
LEVAN, (Sixth Century), St. Levan was a Celt, possibly from Wales, who went to Cornwall as a missionary and gave his name to the village of St. Levan south west of Penzance.
MAXIMINUS of AIX, (First Century), traditionally counted as the first Bishop of Aix-en-Provence. According to one legend St. Maximinus was one of the Seventy, whilst another is that he was the man born blind, whose sight was restored by Christ (John 9). Neither of these legends is supported by any evidence.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
MEDARD, at one time, erroneously, said to have been the (twin) brother of St. Gildard (vide supra). St. Medard reluctantly accepted consecration as the Bishop of Vermand 530, the following he moved the seat of the diocese to Noyon, to avoid the incursions of the Huns. St. Medard merged the vacant See of Tournai with Noyon (532), a union which lasted some five hundred years. One of the most respected bishops of his day, not long after his repose circa 558, a strong cultus of St. Medard developed, and continues in norther France.
MELANIA the ELDER, the grandmother of St. Melania the Younger (31st December), who following the repose of her husband went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, there she founded a monastery on the Mount of Olives, where she stayed until her repose circa 410.
MUIRCHU (MACCUTINUS), (Seventh Century), St. Muirchu was an Irishman and author of the Life of St. Brigid and Vita sancti Patricii (Life of Saint Patrick), one of the first accounts of the Enlightener of Ireland. Unfortunately, there is no information regarding the life of St. Muirchu extant.
SALLUSTIAN, (Date Unknown), though there is nothing definite known about St. Sallustian’s life he has been honoured in Sardinia for as long as can be recalled. Martyrologies have variously described as a martyr and an anchorite.
SEVERINUS, brother of Victorinus (vide infra), together they liquidated their assets, distributing the proceeds to those in need, then left the world to live as hermits. St. Severinus’ solitude was broken when Pope Vigilius (r. 537 – 555) compelled him to accept consecration as Bishop of Septempeda, (now named Sanseverino after him) in the Marches of Ancona. St. Severinus reposed, 550, shortly before the Ostrogoth Totila sacked his See.
SYRA (SYRIA), (Seventh Century), a sister of St. Fiacre (30th August). St. Syra followed her brother from Ireland to France. Once there it is said she lived as a recluse under St. Burgundofara (3rd April), abbess of Brie.
VICTORINUS, brother of Severinus (vide supra), together they liquidated their assets, distributing the proceeds to those in need, then left the world to live as hermits. As with his brother, St. Victorinus’ solitude was also broken (540) when Pope Vigilius compelled him to accept consecration as Bishop of Camerino. He reposed 543.