Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
7th September (NS) — 25th August (OS)
25th August O.S.
AREDIUS (YRIEIX, YRIEZ), abbot of Limoges, and chancellor to Theudebert II, King of Austrasia. St. Aredius was the founder of a monastery south of Limoges that is now called Saint-Yrieix, and is the namesake for the various French towns and villages called St. Yrieix. St. Aredius reposed 591.
EBBA the ELDER, St. Ebba the Elder was a sister of SS. Oswald (5th August) and Oswin (20th August) and received monastic tonsure at Lindisfarne. She went on to become the founding Abbess of the double monastery at Coldingham in Scotland. St. Ebba maintained friendships with SS. Cuthbert (20th March) and Adamnán of Iona (23rd September), and was the spiritual mother of St. Etheldreda (23rd June). St. Ebba reposed 683.
Troparion of St. Ebba the Elder — Tone VIII
In thee, O mother, that which is fashioned according to the image of
God was preserved; for, having taken up thy cross, thou didst follow
Christ, and by thine example didst teach that the flesh is to be
disdained as passing, but that the soul must be cared for as a thing
immortal. Wherefore, thy spirit doth rejoice with the angels,
O venerable Ebba.
EUSEBIUS, PONTIAN, VINCENT, and PEREGRINUS, martyrs at Rome under Commodus (circa 192) whose relics were translated to France in the ninth century
GENESIUS (GENÈS) of ARLES, a notary in Arles, who, when an imperial decree ordering the persecution of Christians was read in his presence, he declared himself to be a Christian and fled. He was captured and martyred (circa 303).
GENESIUS the ACTOR, an actor who, after having performed several plays mocking Christianity, had a conversion experience, proclaimed his faith in Christ. St. Genesius, even when facing torture and death, refused to renounce his faith, and was martyred. This even took place during the reign of Diocletian (284 – 305).
GERUNTIUS of ITALICA, (First Century), a missionary in Spain during the first century who is believed to have served as Bishop of Talco (Seville), and been martyred.
GREGORY of UTRECHT, a disciple of St. Boniface (5th June). Following the martyrdom of St. Boniface, St. Gregory assumed leadership of the Church of Utrecht. He has always been styled Bishop of Utrecht, though it is unclear whether he received Episcopal consecration. St. Gregory reposed 781.
HUNEGUND, having been betrothed against her will, whilst on a pilgrimage to Rome, with her bridegroom, she was released from her marital vows and received monastic tonsure from Pope St. Vitalian (27th January). After returning to France she entered the abbey at Homblieres where she spent the rest of her life, reposing 690.
MAGINUS (MAXIMUS), a hermit, and wonder-worker, in the mountains near Tarragonia in Spain. He was beheaded circa 304. The name Magi, which is common is Tarragonia, maybe derived from his name.
MARCIAN of SAIGNON, a native of Saignon in the department of Vaucluse in southern France. St. Marcian was the founding abbot of the Abbey of St. Eusebius, Saignon, in the Diocese of Apt, and reposed 485.
NEMESIUS and LUCILLA, Nemesius, a deacon, and Lucilla, his daughter, are numbered amongst those Christians martyred in Rome under the Emperor Valerian (254 – 260).
PATRICIA, a noblewoman from Constantinople, possibly related to the imperial family, who fled to Rome in order to escape marriage. Whilst in Rome she received monastic tonsure. returning to Constantinople, she renounced any claim to the imperial crown, and distributed her wealth to the poor. St. Patricia then set out on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, however her ship encountered a storm and she was shipwrecked on the shores of Naples, shortly afterwards she succumbed to disease and reposed circa 665. St. Patricia is one of the patron-saints of Naples.
WANNUS (GUARINUS, WARREN), (Seventh Century), the son of St. Sigrada (8th August), and brother St. Leodegarius (2nd October). St. Wannus was martyred by stoning under Ebroin, the Frankish mayor of the palace of Neustria, near Arras, France, 676.
7th September N.S.
ALCMUND, St. Alcmund was consecrated seventh Bishop of Hexham in Northumberland on 24th April, 767 and remained in that See until his repose 7th September, 781. We know little of his life, but the historical record shows he was greatly venerated at Hexham. St. Alcmund was buried next to St. Acca (20th October) near the east wall of the cathedral at Hexham. About two and a half centuries later, all memory of St. Alcmund and his tomb seems to have been lost. However, it is related by, the twelfth century English chronicler and monk at Durham Priory, Symeon of Durham that St. Alcmund appeared to Dregmo, a resident of Hexham, urging him to tell Alfred, the sacristan of Durham, to have St. Alcmund’s relics translated to a more honourable place within the church. Alfred approached the priest at Hexham with this information and they began the process of translation of the relics. However, unknown to anyone else, Alfred took a finger from the relics to bring back to Durham. This caused the saint’s relics to become immovable by any man or group of men. St. Alcmund appeared again that night to Dregmo showing him his hand with the missing finger, informing him that until the missing bone was replaced, it would be impossible to move his body. Dregmo told the congregation the next day of this visitation and the sacristan, prostrating himself, revealed that he had taken the finger, and begged forgiveness. He then returned the missing finger and the clerics who were present were able, without any effort, to lift the holy body and transfer it into the church. Hexham Cathedral was sacked again in 1154 and again restored though the relics of the Hexham saints, including Alcmund, were placed in a single shrine. However, the church and shrine, did not survive a border raid by the Scots in 1296, and both were completely destroyed.
ANASTASIUS the FULLER, a fuller in Aquileia (about 15 km / 10 mi. west of Italy’s present-day border with Slovenia), who relocated his business to Solin, or possibly Split in Dalmatia. Although this was during the time of persecution of Christians under Diocletian, St. Anastasius openly confessed his faith, preaching Christ as the true God, and even painted a cross on his door. For this, he was arrested, tried, and condemned to death by drowning in 304.
AUGUSTALIS (AUTAL), although there seems to be no question St. Augustalis was a bishop, there is debate as to See. The most likely theory is that he was a third or fourth century Bishop of Arles.
BALIN (BALANUS, BALLOIN), (Seventh Century), St. Balin is commonly believed to have been the brother of St. Gerald (13th March), and one of the four sons of an Anglo-Saxon king. Along with his brothers, St. Balin accompanied St. Colman of Lindisfarne (18th February) to Iona. They then went to Ireland where they settled at Tecsaxon, “The House of the Saxons,” in the Diocese of Tuam, in the province of Connaught.
CARISSIMA, a fifth century anchoress in a forest near her native town of Albi in Gaul, and later at a monastery at Vieux in the present-day Tarn department in southern France.
CLODOALDUS (CLOUD), a grandson of King Clovis and St. Clotilde (3rd June), who lived for many years as a hermit. St. Clodoaldus later moved to Paris where he was ordained to the priesthood, and later founded a monastery, now called Saint-Cloud in his honour. St. Clodoaldus reposed circa 560.
EVORTIUS (EUVERT), there is no reliable information on this saint extant. He most likely was a Roman cleric chosen to be Bishop of Orléans during the reign of St. Constantine the Great. St. Evortius reposed circa 340, the Abbey of Saint-Euvert at Orléans was founded to enshrine his relics.
FACIOLUS, a monk at St. Cyprian Abbey in Poitiers who reposed circa 950.
GRATUS, the patron saint of Aosta in the Italian Alps. As a priest St. Gratus, representing Eustasius his Bishop, attended the Council of Milan in 451, where the Tome of Leo was read and approved, affirming the Fourth Ecumenical Council’s condemnation of Eutyches‘ Christological heresy. At some point following the Council, St. Gratus succeeded Eustasius, and was consecrated second Bishop of Aosta. St. Gratus reposed sometime after 470, however the exact year is unknown.
GRIMONIA (GERMANA), (Fourth Century), there is very little information on the life of St. Grimonia extant. She is said to have been a young woman from Ireland, who went to Picardy where she lived as a hermit, and was martyred defending her virtue.
HILDUARD (HILWARD, GARIBALD), appointed missionary bishop of Flanders in 733, St. Hilduard also founded of Saint-Peter’s Abbey in Dikkelvenne in Flanders, present-day Belgium. He reposed circa 750.
MADALBERTA, daughter of SS. Vincent Madelgarus (20th September) and Waldetrudis (9th April). She was educated Maubeuge Abbey, in northern France near the present Belgian border, by her aunt, St. Aldegund (30th January), the foundress of Maubeuge. She later received monastic tonsure at Maubeuge, and circa 697 succeed her sister, St. Aldetrudis (25th February), as Abbess. St. Madalberta reposed 706.
MEMORIUS (NEMORIUS, MESMIN) and COMPANIONS, said to have been a deacon in Troyes, who, along with four others, was sent by St. Lupus (29th July) to ask Attila to spare the town. Attila responded by having them all beheaded, 451.
PAMPHILUS, a native of Greece consecrated a Bishop of Capua by Pope St. Siricius (26th November). St. Pamphilus reposed circa 400 and his relics were enshrined in Benevento.
REGINA (REINE), though venerated at Autun from a very early date, there are no details of her life extant. According to tradition St. Regina was a young woman who was martyred in Autun, defending her chastity, most likely during the persecutions under Decian (250), however some have placed her martyrdom as during the reign of Maximian (circa 286).
TILBERT (GILBERT), St. Tilbert succeeded St. Alcmund (vide supra) as Bishop of Hexham in Northumbria, England, serving from 781 until his repose in 789. He was widely venerated as a saint during his lifetime, as well as after his repose.