Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
6th September (NS) — 24th August (OS)
24th August O.S.
AUREA, from the many accounts of the life of St. Aurea it may be deduced that after being subjected to a multitude of tortures, she was martyred by being thrown into the sea at Ostia near Rome c.270.
AUDOENUS, (AUDEON, OUEN, OWEN, DADO), whilst serving in various high offices at the Courts of Clotaire and Dagobert, St. Audoenus met and formed a close friendship with St. Eligius (1st December). They resolved to enter the Church and together were consecrated bishops; St. Eligius of Noyon, and St. Audoenus succeeding St. Romanus (23rd October) at Rouen. St. Audoenus served his See for over forty years, doing much to promote Christianity, and was acclaimed a saint shortly after his repose, at Clichy, 683.
BREGWIN, little is known of the life of St. Bregwin, as there are no contemporary records extant, though some of his letters to St. Lull of Mainz (16th October) still survive. His Life by Eadmer, a twelfth-century English historian, theologian, ecclesiastic, and bishop, offers little more than the dates of his tenure as the twelfth Archbishop of Canterbury, and allusions to ‘many miracles’. St. Bregwin reposed 764; he was buried in the Chapel of St. John the Baptist at the East end of Canterbury Cathedral.
PATRICE (PATRICK, PATRICIUS), (Date Unknown), though he is listed on this date in the old Roman Martyrology as an Abbot of Nevers in present-day France, there is nothing definitively known about him, and he has been deleted from more recent martyrologies.
PATRICK, this saint is known as St. Patrick the Elder to differentiate him from his celebrated namesake and possible relative, St. Patrick of Ireland (17th March). Few details of his life are known to us. It is variously reported that he reposed (c.450) at Kilkenny, Co. Kilkenny in Ireland, or at Glastonbury, Somerset, in England, though it seems that at some point his relics were enshrined at Glastonbury. Neither of these Irish St. Patricks are to be confused with the St. Patrice (Patrick) (vide supra), Abbot of Nevers in France, who is also commemorated on 24th August.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
PTOLEMY, (First Century), a disciple of the Apostle Peter (29th June) who sent him to evangelise the people of Tuscany. He was martyred in Nepi.
ROMANUS of NEPI, a Bishop and martyr of Nepi in Tuscany. He is generally considered to have been a disciple of St. Ptolemy (vide supra), and also was sent by the Apostle Peter (29th June).
SANDRATUS (SANDRADUS), a monk of the monastery of St. Maximinus at Trier, who was sent by the Emperor Otto I to institute needed reforms to the monastery of St. Gall (972). Having successfully completed that mission, St. Sandratus was made Abbot of Gladbach and Abbot of Weissenburg.
YRCHARD (IRCHARD, YARCARD), (Fifth Century), St. Yrchard was a disciple of St. Ternan (12th June) who consecrated him missionary bishop to work amongst the Picts. Nothing further about St. Yrchard is known to us.
6th September N.S.
ARATOR, the fourth Bishop of Verdun, he reposed circa 460. There is no further information on this saint extant.
AUGUSTINE, SANCTIAN and BEATA, three Spain Christians who had fled to Gaul to escape persecution, but were martyred near Sens, in Burgundy, circa 273.
BEGA (BEGH, BEE), (Seventh Century), traditionally thought to have been a native of Ireland, St. Bega is believed to have received monastic tonsure from St. Aidan (31st August). She left Ireland and went to England, initially founding a monastery at what is now known as St. Bee’s Head in Cumberland. St. Bega is credited with the founding of several other monasteries as well. There are several saints of her era with quite similar Lives, and the information on St. Bega dates from the mid-thirteenth century. Contemporary scholarship considers her a composite saint, however, it is possible she is the same saint as the virgin Hieu (2nd September) mentioned by St. Bede the Venerable (25th May). Baring-Gould enumerates three distinct St. Bees; this one, the second a nun in Yorkshire, and the third the Abbess of Kilbees.
CAGNOALD (CHAINOALDUS, CHAGNOALD, CAGNOU), a brother of SS. Faro (28th October), a Bishop of Meaux; and Burgundofara (3rd April) foundress of the Abbey of Faremoûtiers. St. Cagnoald received monastic tonsure at the Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul of Luxeuil in Burgundy, where he was a disciple of St. Columbanus (23rd November). St. Cagnoald accompanied St. Columbanus to Bobbio in Emilia-Romagna, where he helped found Bobbio Abbey (Abbazia di San Colombano), and later served as the sixth Bishop of Laon, reposing circa 635.
DONATIAN, PRAESIDIUS, MANSUETUS, GERMANUS, FUSCULUS, and LAETUS, (Fifth Century), some of the more prominent amongst the orthodox Christians in Africa who were driven into exile by Hunneric the Arian King of the Vandals, in that an account of their martyrdom is given by Victor of Utica in his History of that Persecution. It is said that they numbered in all nearly five thousand in a single year. Laetus, a most zealous Prelate, was, however, burned at the stake; whilst the others, some priests, some laymen, were scourged and banished.
ELEUTHERIUS, Abbot of St. Mark’s near Spoleto, St. Eleutherius was known as a wonderworker, which Pope St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September) personally experienced, and wrote of. Towards the end his life St. Eleutherius resigned his Abbotship and took up residence at St. Gregory’s monastery in Rome where he reposed circa 590, soon after his relics were translated to Spoleto.
FAUSTUS, an Abbot of the monastery of Santa Lucy in Syracuse, where amongst his disciples was St. Zosimus (30th March), a future Bishop of Syracuse. St. Faustus reposed circa 607.
FELIX and AUGEBERT, (Seventh Century), two British prisoners of war who were sold as slaves in Gaul. They were ransomed by Pope St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September), who had them placed in a monastery for training to missionize their homeland. During their time in the monastery St. Felix was ordained to the priesthood, and St. Augebert to the deaconate; unfortunately, before they were able to return to Britain, both were martyred by pagans near Chaumont sur Marne in present-day north eastern France.
MACCALLIN (MACALLAN, MACCULIN DUS), St. Maccallin served as Bishop of Lusk, Co. Fingal, Ireland in the late fifth century. Oral tradition states he may have either lived in, or been buried in, a cave and that the name “Lusk” derives from an old Irish word Lusca meaning ‘cave’ or ‘underground chamber’. St. Maccallin apparently spent some time in Scotland where he is venerated as well. Nothing more is known of his life.
MAGNUS (MAGNOALDUS, MAGINOLD, MANG), the only information on St. Magnus’ life is based upon the obviously anachronistic eleventh century Vita S. Magni, hence, in reality there is no reliable information on his life extant. According to tradition St. Magnus was an Irishman who probably accompanied SS. Columbanus (23rd November), and Gall (16th October), as far as Bavaria. There St. Magnus evangelized the eastern part of the Allgäu, Bavaria (earning him the title Apostle of the Algäu), and founded Füssen Abbey (later St. Magnus’ Abbey), also in Bavaria. The year of his repose has variously been given as 655, 666, and even possibly 750.
PETRONIUS, a Bishop of Verona, who reposed circa 450. No further information about this saint is extant.