Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
4th October (NS) — 21st September (OS)
21st September O.S.
ALEXANDER, (Second Century), a bishop in Greater Rome, St. Alexander was arrested and tortured after his miracles brought him to the notice of the authorities. He was beheaded on the Claudian Way, about thirty kilometres (twenty miles) from Rome. In the fourth century his relics were translated by Pope St. Damasus (11th December) and enshrined in Rome.
GERULPH, a Flemish nobleman and heir to a vast estate, killed (circa 746) shortly after Chrismation by an avaricious relative, whom St. Gerulph pardoned with his dying breath.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
MABYN, (Sixth Century), according to Cornish tradition, St. Mabyn was one of the many children of King St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April). The village and civil parish of St. Mabyn is named for her, and St. Mabyn Parish Church located in St. Mabyn, Cornwall, England, is said to have been founded by her. The earliest mention of her is in a twelfth century Life of St. Nectan (17th June). The saints Mabon and Mabenna are often mentioned either together or are conflated, and are generally associated with St. Teio (9th February). Baring-Gould speculates that St. Mabon may have been St. Teio’s brother and the true founder of the parish church, as well as Llanvabon (a parish in South Wales), and that the attribution to a female St. Mabyn came about after the true history had been lost. The only certainty regarding these saints is that they have had a strong cultus in Wales and Cornwall, are associated with St. Teio, and have lent their names to some locations in Wales and Cornwall.
MAURA, a young maiden in Troyes in Champagne, who dedicated her brief life to prayer and good works. St. Maura reposed in 850, at the age of twenty-three.
PAMPHILUS, (Date Unknown), an early martyr in Rome of whom nothing further is known.
4th October N.S.
AUREA, a native of Syria who was appointed Abbess of St. Martial in Paris by St. Eligius (1st December). St. Aurea led the abbey for thirty-three years, before she and 160 nuns of her community reposed of the plague, 666.
PETRONIUS, the son of a Prætorian Prefect, who converted to Christianity, and after returning from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, was ordained to the priesthood. St. Petronius was consecrated eighth Bishop of Bologna in 431, and served that See until his repose 450. As Bishop, St. Petronius built the Basilica di Santo Stefano. He is also patron saint of Bologna.
QUINTIUS (QUENTIN), a devout Christian and courtier at the court of a Frankish king (possibly Sigebert of Austrasia). When he rebuffed the queen’s advances, explaining that his faith prohibited adultery, she had St. Quintius murdered at L’Indrois near Montresor, circa 570.