Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
30th August (NS) — 17th August (OS)
17th August O.S.
AMOR (AMATOR, AMOUR), (Eighth Century), a disciple of St. Pirmin (3rd November), and founder of the monastery of Amorbach in Lower Franconia, present-day Bavaria Germany.
ANASTASIUS, according to tradition, St. Anastasius was a native of Syria, who came to Umbria and settled as a hermit near Perugia. In time, he was elevated to the Episcopacy. As Bishop of Terni, he was known as a most humble and virtuous prelate. He reposed circa A.D. 553.
BENEDICTA and CECILIA, (Tenth Century), two daughters of the King of Lorraine who both received monastic tonsure and later served successively as Abbesses of Susteren Abbey near present-day Roermond, Limburg, Netherlands.
CARLOMAN, the eldest son of Charles Martel, he became King of Austrasia upon the death of his father. He encouraged the foundation of monasteries at Fulda in Germany and Lobbes and Stavelot in Belgium. In August A.D. 747, St. Carloman renounced his kingdom, and received monastic tonsure from Pope Zachary. He founded a monastery on Mt. Soracte, and later went to Monte Cassino. He reposed at Vienne in France A.D. 754, and was buried at Monte Cassino.
EUSEBIUS, a native of Greece, who whilst living in Rome became embroiled in a violent dispute over the readmission of apostates after the persecutions under Diocletian. He was exiled to Sicily by the Emperor Maxentius, reposing almost immediately, circa A.D. 310.
HIERO (IERO), an Irishman who went to the Low Lands to preach the Gospel, and was martyred, most likely at Noordwijk, A.D. 885.
JAMES the DEACON, (Seventh Century), the little we know of St. James is from St. Bede the Venerable’s (25th May) writings on St. Paulinus of York (10th October) in the (Historia Ecclesiastica 2:16 and 2:20). It appears St. James was a member of the mission led by St. Augustine of Canterbury (27th May). St. James served as St. Paulinus’ deacon when he accompanied St. Ethelburgh (5th April) to Northumbria upon her marriage to King St. Edwin (12th October). Following King St. Edwin’s martyrdom (A.D. 633), SS. Ethelburga and Paulinus returned to Kent leaving St. James as the sole member of the mission in Northumbria It is not understood why St. Paulisnus did not ordain St. James to the priesthood when he left him in charge, and St. James remained a deacon until his repose.
Following the complete collapse of the secular power which had supported the Church, Christianity faced active pagan opposition. Nevertheless, St. James, from his base near the village of Catterick in Yorkshire, tirelessly and faithfully ministered to his flock, and won many new souls for Christ as well. He was quite talented musically and skilled in the Roman chants composed by St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September), known to us today as Gregorian Chant. St. James taught these to his flock, and once peace returned and the churches reopened, the services in Northumbria were beautified by these chants. The exact date of St. James’ repose in not known, but it is believed that he lived at least thirty years after the repose of King St. Edwin (A.D. 633), and was personally known to St. Bede the Venerable (A.D. 673-735). According to some sources he participated in the Synod of Whitby which took place A.D. 664.
Troparion of St. James the Deacon – Tone IV
Wholly adorned with the virtues, O James most wise, thou wast a
beauteous ornament of the Church of Christ; for, ordering well its
sacred rituals, thou didst adorn them with psalmody most sweet, and
labouring well in the field of thy Lord, thou didst reap a great
harvest of men’s souls. Wherefore, grant the gift of sacred hymnody
to those in need thereof, that all may sing with fervour: Rejoice,
O most glorious father, great boast of pious deacons!
LIBERATUS, BONIFACE, SERVUS, RUSTICUS, ROGATUS, SEPTIMUS, and MAXIMUS, martyred under the Arian King Hunneric. Liberatus was abbot of a monastery in North Africa, the others were monks. They are said to have been subjected to unspeakable tortures before being killed A.D. 483.
THEODULUS (THEODORE) of GRAMMONT, (Fourth Century), most likely the first Bishop of Valais. He founded the Abbey of Saint-Maurice, the oldest north of the Alps.
30th August N.S.
AGILUS (AIL, AILE, AISLE, AYEUL), a young nobleman in the Frankish Court, who received monastic tonsure from St. Columbanus the Younger (21st November) at Luxeuil Abbey in Burgundy; remaining under St. Columbanus’ successor, St. Eustace (29th March), accompanying him to preach in Bavaria (A.D. 612). Upon returning to Burgundy, St. Agilus was made Abbot of Abbaye Saint-Pierre de Rebais, in present-day north-central France. St. Agilus reposed A.D. 650.
BONIFACE and THECLA, according to the most commonly accepted tradition, SS. Boniface and Thecla were martyred, along with their twelve children, at Hadrumentum (present-day Sousse, Tunisia) during the Decian persecution (A.D. 250). However, there are respected authorities who place the date of their martyrdom approximately fifty years later, asserting it took place under the persecutions of Diocletian. Still yet others are of the opinion that they survived both persecutions, reposing of natural causes at a later date. It has also been argued that their children are one and the same as the Twelve Holy Brothers commemorated on 1st September.
BONONIUS, a native of Bologna, and disciple of St. Romuald (19th June). Sent by St. Romuald to preach in Egypt and Syria, St. Bononio also spent some time as a hermit in the Sinai before returning to Italy. He spent his later life as Abbot of Lucedio near Trino in Piedmont. As Abbot, St. Bononio renewed discipline amongst the community, as well as ministering to laity in the area. St. Bononius reposed A.D. 1026.
FANTINUS the WONDERWORKER, a native of Calabria who received monastic tonsure at the age of thirteen, and later served as an abbot, but spent much of his life as an anchorite. Towards the end of his life he was forced to flee to Greece after Saracens sacked his monastery. St. Fantinus preached in Corinth, Athens, Larissa, and Thessalonica, before reposing peacefully at an advanced age, towards the end of the tenth century A.D., in Greece. Both before and after his death St. Fantinus was renowned for his miracles.
FELIX and ADAUCTUS, martyrs beheaded in Rome most likely during the reigns of Diocletian and Maximian circa A.D. 304. St. Felix was a priest refused to make offering to the pagan gods, and so was ordered beheaded by the Prefect Dracus. As he was being led to execution, an unknown bystander proclaimed his own belief in Chris, and was rewarded with martyrdom along with St. Felix. The name of this person has never been known, hence he has been called Adauctus (Latin for ‘increase’).
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
FIACRIUS (FIACRE, FIAKER, FÈVRE), claimed by both Scotland and Ireland as a native son, St. Fiacrius travelled to Gaul, and was given a blessing by St. Faro of Meaux (28th October), then Bishop of Meaux, to live as an anchorite in a forest in the diocese. St. Fiacrius spent the rest of his life in that forest, though his hermitage soon became a place of pilgrimage, and both in life as in death, is known for the many miracles he worked. St. Fiacrius reposed circa A.D. 670.
GAUDENTIA and COMPANIONS, (Date Unknown), a holy virgin in Rome, who, according to tradition, was martyred with three others. However, the more ancient martyrologies do not list her as a martyr, and all particulars concerning her life are no longer extant.
LOARN, (Fifth Century), St. Loarn, a native of the west of Ireland, was converted by St. Patrick (17th March) when the great Apostle missionised that area. The Martyrology of Tallaght records that St. Loarn was noted for his holiness of life and for unspecified supernatural gifts, he received from God. Though not generally known to have been a priest, the Martyrology of Donegal lists him as “a Priest of Achadh-mor”.
PAMMACHIUS, a Roman senator who was married to Paulina, the second of daughter of St. Paula (26th January). After the repose of his wife (circa A.D. 393 – 397), he and St. Fabiola (17th December) built a hospice at the mouth of the Tiber opposite Ostia, and also received monastic tonsure, dedicating the rest of his life to prayer and the service those less fortunate. St. Pammachius reposed A.D. 410.
PELAGIUS, ARSENIUS, and SYLVANUS, according to tradition they were hermits near Burgos in Old Castile in Spain, who were martyred by the Moors circa A.D. 950.
PETER of TREVI, a native of Carsoli in Abruzzo, who worked to enlighten the peasants of Tivoli, Anagni and Subiaco, amongst whom St. Peter quickly became renowned as a gifted preacher. He reposed whilst still young in Trevi near Subiaco, A.D. 1050.
RUMON, (Sixth Century), St. Rumon is said to have been a bishop and patron saint of Tavistock in England, and Romansleigh Devon is named for him. However, there is no historical record of his life extant and it is possible that he is the same saint as the St. Ronan whose feast is observed on 1st June. In the absence of any definitive documentation, this theory is purely conjectural.