Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
3rd October (NS) — 20th September (OS)
20th September O.S.
CANDIDA, according to the Roman Martyrology, St. Candida was martyred in Carthage under Emperor Diocletian’s co-emperor Maximian (late third century). However, according to the Bollandists, there is a compelling basis for doubting the veracity of the primary source documents upon which the date of her martyrdom is predicated upon.
EUSEBIA, Abbess of Saint-Cyr in Marseilles. St. Eusebia, along with roughly forty nuns, was martyred by the Saracens. There are various years recorded for the martyrdom ranging from the sixth century to ninth century
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
EUSTACE, THEOPISTES, AGAPITUS, and THEOPISTUS, according to tradition SS. Eustace, an officer; Theopistes, his wife; and their sons Agapitus and Theopistus were a Roman family of some distinction, who were put to death as Christians during the persecutions during the reign of Hadrian (circa 118).
GLYCERIUS, seventeenth Archbishop of Milan from 436 until his repose circa 438. Very little is known of the life of St. Glycerius, he was a deacon in Milan before his election as Archbishop and possibly a tutor of the Western Roman Emperor, Valentinian III.
VINCENT MADELGAIRE (MADELGARUS), St. Vincent Madelgaire was the husband of St. Waldetrudis (9th April), with whom he had four children, all of whom became saints: Landericus (10th June), Dentlin (16th March), Madalberta (7th September), and Aldetrudis (25th February). Around the year 653, they mutually decided to enter monasteries, with St. Vincent Madelgaire receiving tonsure at Hautmont Abbey, of which he was the founder, taking the name Vincent. He later served as Abbot of Hautmont, and circa 670 St. Vincent Madelgaire founded a monastery on his estate at Soignies where he reposed 677.
3rd October N.S.
CANDIDUS, (Date Unknown), one of the many early martyrs in Rome who were either martyred or buried at a place called the Ursus Pileatus on the Esquiline Hill. No further details are extant.
CYPRIAN, a disciple of St. Cæsarius of Arles (27th August), who consecrated him as Bishop of Toulon (A.D. 516). He appears to have been present at the Synod of Arles of 524, and in the following years to have attended a number of other councils, where he showed himself an ardent opponent of Semipelagianism. St. Cyprian reposed 546.
EWALD THE FAIR and EWALD THE DARK, two hieromonks from Northumbria with the same name who were styled ‘the fair’ and ‘the dark’ because of their hair colour. As was common at that time, they spent time studying in Ireland, and later travelled to Friesland to assist St. Willibrord (7th November) in his evangelical labours. They were martyred together in Aplerbeck, now a suburb of Dortmund circa 695.
FROILAN, a native of Lugo Spain, who, along with his friend St. Attilanus (5th October), helped revitalise monastic life at Moreruela Abbey close to Zamora in Castile. St. Froilan was consecrated Bishop of Léon in 900 serving until his repose 1005.
GERARD of BROGNE, a member of the Lower Austrasian nobility, St. Gerard started out as a soldier, though even as a young man he displayed remarkable piety. He transformed a small chapel on his family’s estate into a large church, and eventually entered the Abbey of Saint-Denis in Paris, received monastic tonsure, and was ordained to the priesthood. St. Gerard returned to his native Namur where he built and served as Abbot of a new monastic community. During the twenty-two years he was Abbot, St. Gerard reformed several monasteries in the region and fought the carelessness of the clergy. St. Gerard reposed 959 at his Abbey in Brogne.
MAXIMIAN, originally a Donatist, St. Maximian converted to orthodox Christianity and was later consecrated Bishop of Bagaia in Numidia (present-day Algeria). As bishop, he prohibited the Donatists from using the basilica of Calvianum, and in retaliation they threw him from a tower to his death 404.
MENNA (MANNA), a maiden from Lorraine. The details of her life extant are not reliable, but she is believed to have reposed circa 395.
UTTO, a nephew of St. Gamelbert (27th January), the founder of St. Michael’s Abbey at Metten (Abtei Metten) in Bavaria. St. Utto served as the first Abbot of Metten, he reposed 820.
WIDRADUS (WARÉ), the Abbot responsible for reviving the monastery of Flavigny near Dijon. He also founded the monastery of Saulieu near Autun. St. Widradus reposed 747.