Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
29th August (NS) — 16th August (OS)
16th August O.S.
AMBROSE, the patron saint of Ferentino in present-day Lazio central Italy, St. Ambrose a fourth-century centurion in the Roman army. He was subjected torture and then executed for his faith during the persecutions under Diocletian. In A.D. 1108 the relics of St. Ambrose were enshrined in the Ferentino Cathedral (Duomo di Ferentino; Basilica Cattedrale dei Santi Giovanni e Paolo).
ARMAGILLUS (ARMEL), a Welsh missionary to Brittany, and cousin of St. Samson of Dol(28th July), St. Armagillus was one of the missionaries who founded the monasteries of Saint-Armel-des-Boscheaux in Ille-et-Vilaine, and Plou-Ermel (Ploërmel). St. Armagillus is also commemorated in the name of civil parish and village of St. Erme in Cornwall, England.
ELEUTHERIUS, fifteenth Bishop of Auxerre from A.D. 533 until his repose A.D. 561.
SIMPLICIAN, a close friend and advisor of St. Ambrose of Milan (7th December), whom he succeeded as Bishop of Milan in A.D. 397. St. Simplician reposed A.D. 400.
STEPHEN of HUNGARY, considered the first King of Hungary (A.D. 997). Together with his wife Gisela, he began the work of enlightening their subjects. St. Stephen organised dioceses and founded monasteries (among them Pannonhalma, which still exists). He reposed A.D. 1038, and is one of the most popular saints in Hungary, and feast day is celebrated as a state holiday commemorating the foundation of the nation.
TITUS, a deacon martyred (circa A.D. 410) during the sack of Rome by the Goths while he was providing aid to the beleaguered population.
29th August N.S.
ADELPHUS, (Fifth Century), believed to have been the tenth Bishop of Metz, he succeeded St. Rufus (7th November) ruling the See for seventeen years. Unfortunately, nothing certain is known of him, as all information on his life was added to the various martyrologies at much later dates. Hence, the aforementioned is really based upon conjecture; however, the existence of his cultus going back to an early date is without question.
ALBERIC, a hermit in Italy who reposed circa A.D. 1050, and whose relics are enshrined in the Benedictine San Anastasio Church in the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Marino-Montefeltro. Nothing further is known of him.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
CANDIDA, (Date Unknown), one of a group martyred on the Ostian Way outside the gates of Rome. Her relics were enshrined in the church of St. Praxedes in the ninth century A.D. She has been variously described as both a virgin martyr and simply a martyr, but nothing is actually known about her.
EDWOLD, St. Edwold was most likely the brother of St. Edmund the Martyr, King of East Anglia (20th November). He lived as a hermit at Cerne, in Dorsetshire, in the latter half of the ninth century, and after his death was venerated as a saint. No further information on his life is known to us.
EUTHYMIUS, (Fourth Century), a Roman who fled to Perugia with his wife and son, St. Crescentius (14th September), during the persecutions under Diocletian. He reposed in Perugia in the early fourth century.
MEDERICUS (MERRI), born in Autun in eastern France to a noble family, he received monastic tonsure at St. Martin’s in Autun at the age of thirteen, eventually serving as its abbot. The last few years of his life were spent as an anchorite. He is said to have reposed circa A.D. 700 whilst on a pilgrimage to the tomb of St. Germanus of Paris (28th May). St. Medericus is the patron saint of Paris’ Right Bank and the Église Saint-Merri located in Rue Saint Martin in the 4th Arrondissement of Paris commemorates his name.
SABINA of Rome, it seems she was a wealthy Roman widow who was converted by the pious example of her Orthodox servant St. Seraphia (29th July). She was most likely martyred during the persecution of Hadrian (circa A.D. 127), and the historical Basilica di Santa Sabina all’Aventino on the Aventine Hill in Rome is dedicated to her.
SABINA of Troyes, commonly thought to be the sister of St. Sabinian of Troyes (29th January). According to tradition she was baptised in Rome by the future Pope St. Eusebius (26th September); but as her parents were still pagans, she decided to join her brother in Troyes. Nearing the city, she heard of his martyrdom and prayed that she might join him soon in heaven; and she is said to have reposed immediately upon completion of her prayer circa A.D. 276.
SEBBE (SEBBA, SÆBBI), St. Sebbe was joint King of Essex with his brother Sighere, from A.D. 664 to 683. Following Sighere’s repose in A.D. 683, St. Sebbe ruled as sole King until A.D. 694, when he abdicated the throne and entered the monastery of Westminster (the present-day Westminster Abbey), which he had founded. St. Sebbe spent the next three years in prayer and repentance. He reposed A.D. 697 and was buried in St. Paul’s Cathedral in London. His tomb survived the fire at St. Paul’s in A.D. 1087, and his relics were translated to a black marble sarcophagus in the mid-twelfth century A.D. Unfortunately, his relics did not survive the Great Fire of London in A.D. 1666. A plaque commemorating St. Sebbe was erected in the Wren designed cathedral.
VELLEICUS (WILLEIC), (Eighth Century), an Anglo-Saxon abbot who joined St. Swithbert (16th March) in his evangelisation of the Germans. St. Velleicus later served as Abbot of Kaiserswerth, in present-day Düsseldorf Germany.