Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
23rd June (NS) — 10th June (OS)
ARESIUS, ROGATIUS and COMPANIONS, (Date Unknown), seventeen African martyrs, of whom nothing further is known, though some martyrologies include them with SS. Basilides and Companions (vide infra).
BARDO, St. Bardo received monastic tonsure at Fulda Abbey, then was made Abbot of Werden, in Essen on the Ruhr A.D. 1029. Two years later, St. Bardo was consecrated Metropolitan Archbishop of Mainz. Throughout his life St. Bardo was known for his asceticism, care for the poor, and his gift of clairvoyance. St. Bardo reposed circa A.D. 1052.
BASILIDES, TRIPOS, MANDAL and COMPANIONS, a group of Christians numbering twenty-three who were martyred on the Aurelian Way during the reign of Aurelian (r. A.D. 270 – 275). The paucity of facts regarding the lives of these saints has led the Bollandists amongst other authorities to consider the possibility that this St. Basilides is in fact the better known St. Basilides of 12th June, who was also martyred on the Aurelian Way.
CENSURIUS, consecrated the successor of St. Germanus (31st July) A.D. 448 as Bishop of Auxerre. St. Censurius served that See for thirty-eight years until his repose A.D. 486.
CRISPULUS and RESTITUTUS, martyrs during the reign of Nero (r. A.D. 54 – 68). There is no information on their lives extant. Most authorities place their martyrdom in Rome, though ninth century A.D. theologian Abp. Rabanus Maurus posits their martyrdom took place in Spain, which is repeated by sixteenth century A.D. ecclesiastical historian Caesar Cardinal Baronius.
EVERMUND (EBREMUND), the married founder of several monasteries, including the Abbey of Notre-Dame de Fontenay-Louvet in present-day Fontenai-les-Louvets, Normandy. By mutual agreement, St. Evermund and his wife separated and entered monasteries. St. Evermund entered Fontenay-Louvet, later serving as its Abbot. He reposed circa A.D. 720.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
GETULIUS, CAEREALIS, AMANTIUS and PRIMITIVUS, St. Getulius was the husband of St. Symphorosa (18th July), and brother of St. Amantius. Both St. Getulius and St. Amantius had been officers in the Imperial Roman Army, and very publicly converted to Christianity. This infuriated Emperor Hadrian to no end, and he sent the officers SS. Caerealis and Primitivus to arrest SS. Getulius and Amantius. However, they converted SS. Caerealis and Primitivus which resulted in all four being clubbed to death circa A.D. 120.
ILLADAN (ILLATHAN, IOLLADHAN), St. Illadan was an Abbot-Bishop (possibly the first) of Rathliibthien in present-day Co. Offaly, Ireland. There is no information on his life extant except for mention in the Life of his disciple St. Áed mac Bricc (10th November). St. Illadan most probably reposed circa A.D. 540.
ITHAMAR, St. Ithamar succeeded St. Paulinus (10th October) as Bishop of Rochester in England. Born in Kent, he was the first native English bishop. St. Bede the Venerable (25th May) takes pains to point out that whilst St. Ithamar was “of the Kentish nation, but not inferior to his predecessors for learning and conduct of life”. St. Ithamar reposed circa A.D. 656.
LANDERICUS of NOVALESE, a monk at the Abbey of SS. Peter and Andrew in present-day Novalesa, Italy. A gang of robbers, whom St. Landericus apparently had chastised, martyred him by drowning in a near-by river circa A.D. 1050.
LANDRY (LANDERICUS), shortly after his consecration as Bishop of Paris in A.D. 650, St. Landry observing that disease often caused death and frequent epidemic, concluded that keeping the ill in an organised centre would not only facilitate better care, but also reduce the risk of diseases spreading. Towards this end, St. Landry founded the Hospital of St. Christopher next to the Cathedral of Notre Dame. Hôtel-Dieu de Paris as it is now known was the first hospital in Paris, and is the oldest continuously operation hospital in the world. In addition, St. Landry encouraged the founding of monasteries in his See. He reposed circa A.D. 661.
MAURINUS, (Date Unknown), during reconstruction of the Abbey Church of Saint Pantaleo at Cologne (A.D. 966) builders discovered a tomb with the inscription “Here lie the bones of Saint Maurinus, Abbot and Martyr, who was martyred in the porch of this church on June 10.” Upon examination, the relics showed signs of torture, and that he suffered a violent death. As German hagiographer and church historian Laurentius Surius (+1578) has documented, many miracles were experienced by those who sought St. Maurinus’ intercession at his tomb. Soon a popular cultus developed in Cologne, and St. Maurinus was added to martyrologies from then on.
MAXIMUS, (Fourth Century), consecrated Bishop of Naples A.D. 359, St. Maximus spent most of his episcopacy in exile for defending the decrees of the First Ecumenical Council (A.D. 325) against the Arian rulers. St. Maximus reposed circa A.D. 361, and is venerated as a martyr.
23rd June N.S.
AGRIPPINA, according to tradition St. Agrippina was a maiden and member of the Roman nobility who was tortured and then either beheaded or scourged to death for being a Christian circa A.D. 262.
ETHELDREDA (AUDREY, ETHELDRED), St. Etheldreda (often known by the diminutive Audrey) was an East Anglian princess, a Northumbrian queen, and the founder and first Abbess of the double monastery at Ely in Cambridgeshire, England. The daughter of Anna, a Christian king of the East Angles, she was married while still young to a prince of the South Gyrvians, though she remained a virgin. Upon his death three years later, St. Etheldreda withdrew to the Isle of Ely in Cambridgeshire to live as a hermit. After five years, she was persuaded by her family to return to the world and marry Egfrith of Northumbria, but she refused to consummate this marriage as well, and after twelve years, St. Etheldreda obtained Egfrith’s consent to become a nun. She received monastic tonsure from St. Wilfrid of York (12th October) at Coldingham circa A.D. 672 where her aunt St. Ebba the Elder (25th August) was Abbess. About a year later, St. Etheldreda founded the double monastery of Ely, serving as its Abbess until her repose in A.D. 679.
Troparion of St. Etheldreda — Tone III
Let us praise the virgin Etheldreda,
flame of faith above the church of Ely, Mother Abbess,
intercessor and protector for all.
In her the image of God was restored to shine,
and she was crowned with great glory by our Saviour Christ,
ever praying in the Spirit before the Father’s throne that
His great mercy may be granted unto us
FELIX of SUTRI, a priest in Sutri in Tuscany during the reign of Emperor Valerian whose enthusiastic preaching and success in bringing people to Christ brought him to the attention of the authorities. St. Felix was arrested and was scourged to death (A.D. 257).
HIDULPHUS (HILDULPH), the husband of St. Agia (18th April), St. Hildulphus was a Count of Hainault in present-day Belgium, and courtier at the royal palace of Austrasia. He was also a co-founder of the Abbey of Saint-Pierre of Lobbes, and by mutual consent, SS. Agia and Hidulphus separated and entered monasteries, St. Agia entered an abbey in Mons and St. Hidulphus entered Lobbes. St. Hildulphus reposed circa A.D. 707.
JAMES of TOUL, consecrated Bishop of Toul in eastern Gaul A.D. 756. St. James reposed at the tomb of St. Benignus (1st November) at Dijon while returning from a pilgrimage to Rome, A.D. 769.
JOHN, a priest beheaded in Rome during the persecutions under Julian the Apostate, A.D. 362.
MOELIAI (MOELRAY), St. Moeliai was baptised by St. Patrick (17th March) and later was the founded Abbot of Nendrum Monastery on Mahee Island in Strangford Lough, Co. Down, Ulster. He reposed circa A.D. 493.
WALHERE, (Date Unknown), a priest in present-day Wallonia Belgium. St. Walhere was murdered by a fellow cleric whom he had chastised, and has been venerated as a martyr since.