Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
22nd October (NS) — 9th October (OS)
9th October O.S.
DENIS (DIONYSIUS), RUSTICUS, and ELEUTHERIUS, St. Denis has for many years been regarded as the patron saint of France. According to St. Gregory of Tours (17th November), he was sent to preach the Gospel at Lutetia Parisiorum (present-day Paris) in Gaul circa 250. There he served as the first Bishop of Paris. He was beheaded with the priest Rusticus and the deacon Eleutherius at Montmartre (Hill of the Martyrs) circa 258, the Abbey of Saint-Denis, where French kings were interred, was built on the site of their martyrdom. According to a later legend, St. Denis carried his severed head from Montmartre to his burial place at Vicus Catulliacus, the present Parisian suburb of St. Denis.
DEUSDEDIT, the fifteenth Abbot of Monte Cassino, a man of great learning and holiness of life, who was especially renowned for his almsgiving. St. Deusdedit was kidnapped and attempts were made to extort money in exchange for his release, however, he was subject to torture during his captivity resulting in his repose in 836. St. Deusdedit was subsequently venerated as a martyr.
DOMNINUS (DONNINO), a native of Parma who, according to tradition, was a chamberlain in Emperor Maximian Herculeus (A.D. 286 – 305) Milanese court and a secret convert to Christianity. When Maximian discovered the conversion, he ordered St. Domninus’ arrest. However, St. Domninus fled heading towards Rome, but was captured and beheaded on the Via Claudia (A.D. 304).
GEMINUS, patron saint of San Gemini in Umbria. He reposed circa 815.
GHISLAIN (GISLENUS, GUISLAIN), an anchorite who lived in the forest in Hainault, near present-day Mons in Belgium. As disciples gathered around him St. Ghislain built the monastery of SS. Peter and Paul, now Saint-Ghislain, where he served as abbot for about thirty-five years before reposing circa 680.
GUNTHER, Duke of Thuringia, and related to several of central European royal families, and until the age of fifty, St. Gunther enjoyed a worldly life as a member of Court. Then in 1005, he was brought to repentance by St. Godehard of Hildesheim (4th May) and in penance for his heretofore misspent life, resolved to enter monastic life. For this reason, the following year, St. Gunther, following a pilgrimage to Rome, received monastic tonsure at Niederaltaich Abbey in Bavaria. However, his pride and worldly ambition soon reared its head and St. Gunther, against the council of St. Godehard, insisted on becoming Abbot of Göllingen Abbey in North Thüringen, which St. Gunther had endowed and retained ownership of. Needless to say, as a novice in the monastic life, he was not successful in this role, and in humility went to live as a hermit in the Bavarian Forest near the Czech border about 100 km (60 miles) east of Regensburg. In time, a community grew around him which became the Rinchnach Priory, a dependency of Niederaltaich. St. Gunther reposed at Hartmanitz (present-day Hartmanice in the Czech Republic) 1045.
LAMBERT and VALERIUS (BELLÈRE, BERIHER), disciples of St. Ghislain (vide supra) in Hainault near Mons in present-day Belgium. They reposed circa 680.
SABINUS (SAVIN), a hermit who is also known as the Apostle of the Lavedan. According to tradition, St. Sabinus was a native of Barcelona, educated at Poitiers and received monastic tonsure at Abbey of St. Martin of Ligugé in Vienne. He is believed to have reposed circa 820.
22nd October N.S.
BENEDICT (BENOÎT) of MASSERAC, originally an abbot at Petras, St. Benedict travelled west settling in Masserac near Nantes. There he lived as a hermit. In time, the number of disciples who gathered round him were such to necessitate a monastery, which he built and served as abbot. St. Benedict reposed in 845.
BERTHARIUS, a scion of the Capetian dynasty, St. Bertharius left the world and entered St. Benedict’s monastery at Monte Cassino. In 856 he was selected to serve as Abbot of Monte Cassino, and in 844, along with several of his monks, was martyred by Saracens, whilst at prayer.
DONATUS of FIESOLE, an Irishman well known for his piety and erudition. Whilst returning from a pilgrimage to Rome, passed though Tuscany, where, due to his renown, was selected, by popular acclaim, to be Bishop of Fiesole near Florence (c. 824). St. Donatus served the See of Fiesole for some fifty years, reposing circa 874.
MAROVEUS, a monk at the Abbey of St. Columbanus at Bobbio, in present-day Emilia-Romagna, Italy. St. Maroveus went on to found an abbey at Precipiano near Tortona in Piedmont. He reposed circa 650
MELLON, St. Mellon, or Milanius as he is styled in the Roman Martyrology, is the subject of many traditions, with little factual basis. It is commonly believed he was a native of Wales or Cornwall, and whilst in Rome, was sent to evangelise northern Gaul. There he founded and served as the first Bishop of the See of Rouen. St. Mellon is said to have been a wonderworker, and following a long and fruitful episcopacy, retired to live as a hermit. Reposing 11th November, 314.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
MODERAN (MODERAMNUS, MORAN), Consecrated seventh Bishop of Rennes in Britany, in 703, St. Modern ruled that See until circa 720. In that year, he resigned his See, made a pilgrimage to Rome, and spent the rest of his years as a hermit at Berceto in present-day Emilia-Romagna, Italy, reposing circa 730.
NEPOTIAN (NEPOTIANUS), the fifth Bishop of Clermont, in the Auvergne region of present-day France, from circa 386 until circa 388.
NUNCTUS (NOINT), a seventh century abbot of a monastery near Mérida in Hispania. Bandits murdered St. Nunctus in 668, and he has been venerated as a martyr ever since.
NUNILO and ALODIA, daughters of a Muslim father and Christian mother, raised as Christians in Huesca, Emirate_of_Córdoba (present-day Spain). After being widowed, their mother married another Muslim. Their step-father treated them with great brutality, and ultimately had them imprisoned. SS. Nunilo and Aldodia were beheaded in 852 in the persecution of Christians during the reign of Emir Abd ar-Rahman II (r. 822–852).
PHILIP, little is known about St. Philip, aside from serving as Bishop of Fermo. It is commonly accepted that St. Philip was martyred circa 270. His relics are enshrined in the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary in Fermo.
VERECUNDUS, a Bishop of Verona who reposed in 522. No further details of his life are extant.