Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
2nd September (NS) — 20th August (OS)
20th August O.S.
AMATOR (AMADOUR), (Date Unknown), legend states that St. Amator was the first hermit in Gaul. His cell, at Quercy, about 30 km (18.5 miles) south of Cahors, was a popular place of pilgrimage. In A.D. 1126 his relics were uncovered and found to be incorrupt.
BURCHARD, a native of Hesse who received monastic tonsure at Lobbes. St. Burchard was the author of a twenty volume series on Canon Law known as Decretum Burchardi. He was appointed by Emperor Otto III, and confirmed by Archbishop Willigis of Mainz, to the See of Worms in A.D. 1000. St. Burchard served the See of Worms until his repose in A.D. 1025, during which time he oversaw the creation of numerous monasteries and churches.
EDBERT, King St. Edbert succeeded St. Ceolwulf (15th January) to the throne of Northumbria in present-day England. After twenty years of a prosperous reign, he abdicated in favour of his son and retired to York, where his brother, Ecgbert, was Archbishop. St. Edbert entered the monastery attached to the cathedral and spent the remaining ten years of his life in prayer and penance. King St. Edbert reposed in A.D. 768, and was buried in the porch of the cathedral, alongside his brother who had reposed two years earlier.
HADUIN (HARDUIN), twelfth Bishop of Le Mans, and founder of several monasteries including Notre-Dame-d’Evron. St. Haduin reposed circa A.D. 662.
MEXME (MAXIMUS, MESME), in his Glory of the Confessors St. Gregory of Tours (17th November) tells of a disciple of St. Martin of Tours (11th November) by the name of Mexme, who, in the fifth century A.D. settled in a cave in Chinon as a hermit, and went on to found the first church there which served as the centre of a small monastery which became Chinon Abbey. St. Mexme reposed circa A.D. 470.
OSWIN, (Seventh Century), King St. Oswin was a devout Christian and a close friend of St. Aidan of Lindisfarne (31st August). Following the repose of King St. Oswald (5th August), Northumbria was once again divided in two with King St. Oswin ascending to the throne of Deria, and his cousin Oswy to the throne of Bernicia. Nine years later, he was slain in battle against the forces of Oswy at Gilling near Richmond, Yorkshire, England, and King St. Oswin has since been honoured as a martyr. His tomb at Gilling became a place of pilgrimage until his relics were translated to Tynemouth Priory (about fifteen kilometres east of Newcastle upon Tyne), during the Viking invasions.
PHILIBERT, after being educated by St. Ouen (24th August), St. Philibert received monastic tonsure at Rebais Abbey and was promoted to Abbot at the tender age of twenty. Unfortunately, his lack of experience was too great to overcome and he resigned so that he could visit other monastic communities and study their Rules. In A.D. 654, he was given land by Clovis II on which he founded Jumièges Abbey. Before his repose in A.D. 684, St. Philibert founded several other monastic communities for both men and women, including the monastery of Noirmoutier.
Troparion of King St. Oswin – Tone I
Courtesy and humility shone from thee, O radiant Martyr Oswin.
Trained by Saint Aidan as a Christian ruler, thou didst illumine
northern Britain. Glory to Him Who has strengthened thee; glory to
Him Who has crowned thee; glory to Him Who through thee works
healings for all.
The Viking raid on Noirmoutier in A.D. 799 is the first recorded Viking raid on the Continent with the raiders sacking the monastery of Saint Philibert of Jumièges. The filbert nut derives its name from St. Philibert, since it ripens about 20th August in England.
PORPHYRIUS, (Date Unknown), said to have been a priest martyr in Palestrina near Rome. However, he is most likely apocryphal as the information on his life comes from the unreliable Acta of St. Agapitus of Palestrina.
2nd September N.S.
AGRICOLA (AGRICOLUS), the son of St. Magnus (19th August) the thirty-fourth Bishop of Avignon. St. Agricola received monastic tonsure at Lérins at the age of sixteen, where he acquired a reputation for scholarship and holiness of life. At the age of thirty, he was summoned by his father to serve as his coadjutor, and following the repose of St. Magnus in A.D. 660, St. Agricola succeeded his father as Bishop. He governed the See of Avignon for forty years, reposing A.D. 700 of natural causes.
ANTONINUS, (Date Unknown), the patron saint of Pamiers, Palencia, and Medina del Campo. There are no reliable details of his life extant, and there are reasonable doubts to his historicity and exact identity.
CASTOR, a native of Nîmes who may have been the brother of St. Leontius of Fréjus (1st December). St. Castor was a lawyer who settled in Marseilles following his marriage, but soon he and his wife decided to separate and enter monasteries. St. Castor was the founder of Monanque Abbey in Provence, said to have been the motivation for St. John Cassian to write his De Institutis Coenobiorum, and finally served as the fourth Bishop of Apt. St. Castor reposed circa A.D. 420 of natural causes, and his relics are enshrined at the Cathédrale Sainte-Anne d’Apt.
ELPIDIUS, the successor of St. Antiochus (15th October) as Bishop of Lyons from A.D. 410 until his repose A.D. 422. Though he appears in numerous lists of primates of the See of Lyons, there are no details of his episcopacy, nor an extant Life.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
HIEU (HEIU), (Seventh Century), St. Hieu received monastic tonsure from St. Aidan of Lindisfarne (31st August), and went on the serve as Abbess of Tadcaster in Yorkshire, England. Some sources aver that she is the same saint as St. Bega (6th September).
JUSTUS (JUST) of LYONS, (Also 14th October), a deacon in Vienne who was consecrated 13th Bishop of Lyons in A.D. 350. St. Justus was one of the participants at the Council of Aquileia (A.D. 381) which dealt with Arianism. Shortly after the council, St. Justus resigned his See and, with his deacon, went to Egypt where he lived as a hermit until his repose A.D. 390. Shortly after his repose, his body was brought back to Lyons where he was buried at what came to be the Basilica of Saint-Just.
LOLANUS, (Fifth Century), a variety of legends regarding the life of St. Lolanus have completely obscured the historical record. While some sources profess that he was a nephew of St. Servan (1st July), others claim that he was a native of Cana in Galilee who lived in Rome for seven years before travelling to Scotland where he spent the rest of his life. Still other sources maintain that he was a bishop in Scotland.
MAXIMA, a Roman slave and friend of St. Ansanus of Siena (1st December) who was martyred during the persecution under Diocletian (A.D. 304).
NONNOSUS, very little is known of the life of St. Nonnosus, who does not seem to be listed in any of the ancient martyrologies, however, he is mentioned by St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September) in some of his writings on Italian saints. From this we learn that St. Nonnosus was a contemporary of St. Benedict of Nursia (11th July), and a prior at the San Silvestre monastery on Monte Soratte north of Rome, then later a monk at Suppentonia, near Civita Castellana, reposing circa A.D. 575.
VALENTINUS (VALENTINE), (Fourth Century), the fourth Bishop of Strasbourg, of whom nothing further seems to be known.