Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
2nd December (NS) — 19th November (OS)
19th November O.S.
ATTO, Abbot of Tordino near Teramo in Abruzzo which had been founded by monks from Monte Cassino. St. Atto reposed circa 1010.
CRISPIN, a fourth century Bishop of Ecija in Andalusia who was beheaded in the persecutions under Maximian Herculeus. St. Crispin has a special office in the Mozarabic Breviary and Missal.
ERMENBURGH, also known as Domna Ebba (Lady Ebba, shortened to Domneva), was a Kentish princess and mother of SS. Mildred of Thanet (13th July), Milburgh (23rd February), and Mildgytha (17th January). Following the death of her husband St. Ermenburgh founded the Abbey of Minster in Thanet, in present-day Minster, Kent, England. The date of St. Ermenburgh’s repose is uncertain, but generally believed to be circa 700.
JAMES of SASSEAU, a native of Constantinople and career army officer, who after many various postings finally ended up in Gaul where he retired. St. James then entered religious life. He was ordained to the priesthood at Clermont, received monastic tonsure at Bourges, and ended his days as a hermit in Sasseau. St. James reposed circa 865.
MAXIMUS, according to the Roman Martyrology, St. Maximus was martyred at Rome during the reign of Emperor Valerian (254-259). It is possible he was a priest. Nothing further is known of his life.
MEDANA, (Eighth Century), an Irish holy virgin who settled in Galloway in Scotland. Nothing further is known of her life.
SEVERINUS, EXUPERIUS, and FELICIAN, martyred (170) at Vienne during the reign of Marcus Aurelius (161 – 180).
TUTO (TOTTO), founder of Ottobeuren Abbey in Ottobeuren Bavaria in 764. St. Tuto reposed in 815.
2nd December N.S.
BIBIANA (VIBIANA, VIVIAN), (Date Unknown), aside from her name, nothing certain is known about St. Bibiana. A later legend which connects her with the martyrdom of SS. John and Paul (26th June), though popular, has no basis in fact.
CHROMATIUS, the second Archbishop of Aquileia (north-eastern present-day Italy) from 388 until his repose in 407. At the Synod of Aquileia St. Chromatius advocated for a strong condemnation of Arianism. St. Chromatius was also friends with SS. John Chrysostom (13th November), Ambrose of Milan (7th November), and Jerome (30th September).
EUSEBIUS, MARCELLUS, HIPPOLYTUS, MAXIMUS, ADRIA, PAULINA, NEON, MARY MARTANA, and AURELIA, a group of martyrs during the reign of Valerian (254-259), who were tortured and then killed. Eusebius, a priest, Marcellus, his deacon, Neon and Mary, lay people, were beheaded; Adria and Hippolytus were scourged to death; Paulina tortured to death; Maximus was drowned in the Tiber.
EVASIUS, an early, perhaps first, Bishop of Brescia in Lombardy. No further information is extant.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
LUPUS of VERONA, (Date Unknown), a Bishop of Verona of whom nothing further is known.
PONTIAN and COMPANIONS, St. Pontian, along with four others whose names are no longer known, was martyred during the Valerian persecutions, circa 259.
SECURUS, SEVERUS, JANUARIUS, and VICTORINUS, martyred by the Arian Vandals in North Africa circa 450.
SILVERIUS, the son of Pope Hormisdas. He was a subdeacon when elected Bishop of Rome. He was hated by the Empress Theodora for objecting to the Monophysite Bishop Anthimus and condemned for high treason. He was finally exiled to an island off Naples where he was left to die and perhaps martyred, circa 537.