Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
19th June (NS) — 6th June (OS)
6th June O.S.
ALEXANDER, a Bishop of Fiesole in Tuscany who fought the Lombard Kings incursions into control of the Church. His defence of the Church cost St. Alexander his life, when allies of the secular authorities drowned him A.D. 590.
AMANTIUS, ALEXANDER, and COMPANIONS, (Date Unknown), according to tradition these martyrs were four brothers from Cannes who converted to Christianity, and later ordained to the priesthood. St. Amantius was consecrated Bishop of Noyon, with his brothers joined him to serve as priest in his diocese. All were martyred, it is thought together, and possibly with several others, during a localised persecution, perhaps in the second century A.D.
ARTEMIUS, CANDIDA, and PAULINA, St. Artemius a gaoler in a Roman prison along with his wife St. Candida, and their daughter St. Paulina, who were catechised by St. Peter the Exorcist (2nd June) and baptised by St. Marcellinus (2nd June). All were martyred (A.D. 302); St. Artemius by beheading, and SS. Candida and Paulina were buried alive under a pile of stones.
CERATIUS, a Bishop of Grenoble in the mid-fifth century A.D. St. Ceratius was an attendee at the First Council of Orange (A.D. 441). Several legends about St. Ceratius that have developed over the year, of which there is a complete lack of supporting evidence.
CLAUDIUS (CLAUDE) of BESANÇON, a priest-monk and Abbot of the Abbey of Saint-Oyand de Joux in the Jura Mountains. He was consecrated Bishop of Besançon in A.D. 685, and resigned in A.D. 692 to live out the rest of his life at his abbey. St. Claudius reposed circa A.D. 699, later the Abbey of Saint-Oyand de Joux was renamed the Abbey of Saint-Claude.
COCCA (CUCCA, CUACH), (Date Unknown), St. Cocca is the patron saint of Kilcock (from Irish Cill Choca, meaning “Coca’s cell”) in the north of Co. Kildare, Ireland. Whilst no reliable information on her life remains, legend has it she was a sister of St. Kevin (3rd June), and an embroiderer of church vestments, including those for St. Columba (9th June).
EUSTORGIUS, consecrated the twenty-fifth Bishop of Milan A.D. 512, during the six years of his episcopacy, St. Eustorgius spent copious amounts of money to ransom Christians who had been taken prisoners during the wars of that era. St. Eustorgius reposed A.D. 518.
GUDWALL (CURVAL), St. Gudwall was a Welsh bishop who founded monasteries in Devon and Cornwall. According to many sources he is the St. Gurval who succeeded St. Malo (15th November) as Bishop of Aleth in Brittany. His relics are enshrined in Ghent in Belgium.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
JARLATH, St. Jarlath was the first Bishop of Tuam, Co. Galway in Ireland. After studying under St. Benignus of Armagh (9th November) he founded a monastery which soon attracted students from all over Ireland, including SS. Brendan the Voyager (16th May) and Colman of Cloyne (24th November). According to the Félire Óengusso (notes/# Félire_Óengusso) St. Jarlath was notable for his fasting, and mortification, and was endowed with the gift of prophecy. St. Jarlath reposed circa A.D. 550.
JOHN of VERONA, (Seventh Century), the successor of St. Maurus (21st November) as Bishop of Verona. No further information on St. John is extant.
VINCENT of BEVAGNA, martyred A.D. 303 during the Diocletianic Persecution, St. Vincent was the first Bishop of Bevagna in Umbria.
19th June N.S.
DEODATUS (DIÉ, DIDIER, DIEU-DONNÉ, ADÉODAT), a Bishop of Nevers in present-day France, and founder of a monastery at Ebersheim Münster near Strasbourg. St. Deodatus resigned his See to live as an anchorite in the Vosges. A community formed around him, and he then founded and served as Abbot of the monastery of Val-de-Galilée – Jointures. St. Deodatus reposed circa A.D. 680, the town which had grown around his monastery is called St. Dié in his honour.
GAUDENTIUS, CULMATIUS, and COMPANIONS, martyrs (A.D. 364) at Arezzo in Tuscany during the reign of Emperor Valentinian I (r. A.D. 364 – 375). St. Gaudentius, was a bishop, and St. Culmatius, his deacon, along with them were some fifty-three fellow Christians whose names are no longer known.
GERVASE and PROTASE, (Second Century), twin brothers and the sons of SS. Valeria and Vitalis of Milan (28th April). St. Ambrose of Milan (7th December) was guided by a vision to their grave (A.D. 386), and though there no longer anything remembered about them, other than they were early martyrs, St. Ambrose called them the protomartyrs of Milan.
HILDEGRIN, a younger brother of St. Ludger (26th March), and fellow-worker with St. Ludger in enlightening the Saxons. St. Hildegrin was consecrated Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne circa A.D. 802 – 804, serving until A.D. 810 when he resigned to succeed his brother as Abbot of Werden Abbey. St. Hildegrin reposed circa A.D. 827.
INNOCENT, a Bishop of Le Mans for over four decades, St. Innocent was held in high esteem by his flock, and greatly venerated following his repose A.D. 559.
ROMUALD, a member of the Italian nobility, St. Romuald once acted as second for his father in a duel in which his father killed his opponent. Seeking to repent for his actions, St. Romuald received monastic tonsure at Classe, the ancient port of Ravenna, and served as its Abbot A.D. 996 – 999. Following his resignation St. Romuald devoted the next fourteen years to building several hermitages and monasteries around central and northern Italy, the best known one being Camaldoli near Arezzo, in Tuscany (c. A.D. 1012). He then retired to live as hermit for the rest of his years, reposing A.D. 1027.
URSICINUS, the reliability of extant acta of St. Ursicinus is questionable. However, according to tradition, St. was a physician in Ravenna who was arrested and sentenced to death for being a Christian. Whilst in prison awaiting execution, St. Ursicinus is said to have struggled with the temptation of renouncing Christ, but encouragement from St. Vitalis of Milan (28th April) gave St. Ursicinus the strength to accept martyrdom, circa A.D. 67.
ZOSIMUS, martyred in Umbria, A.D. 110, during Emperor Trajan’s (r. A.D. 98 – 117) persecution of Christians.