Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
18th June (NS) — 5th June (OS)
5th June O.S.
ADALAR (ADALHER), fellow worker with St. Boniface (vide infra) in the evangelisation of Friesland. St. Adalar was martyred, along with St. Boniface, at Dokkum in Friesland 755.
BONIFACE, Enlightener of Germany, following education at monasteries at Exeter and Winchester, and numerous years as a monastic, St. Boniface, responding to a missionary calling, left England (716) to evangelise Friesland. Several years later, Pope St. Gregory II (11th February) consecrated St. Boniface bishop (later elevating him to Archbishop, and then Metropolitan beyond the Rhine) and charged him with the conversion of the Germanic peoples. St. Boniface established his See at Mainz, and for over twenty years, blessed by God, St. Boniface brought many to Christ. He then resigned his See and returned to Friesland to finish the work he had begun decades earlier. At Dokkum in Friesland, St. Boniface and fifty-two of his companions, including SS. Adalar (vide supra), and Eoban (vide infra), were martyred by pagans they were trying to convert, 755. St. Boniface was interred at Fulda Abbey, in the present-day German state of Hesse.
EOBAN, an Irishman and member of SS. Willibrord (7th November) and Boniface (vide supra) mission to Friesland. Appointed Bishop of Utrecht by St. Boniface, St. Eoban was one of the martyrs along with SS. Boniface and Adalar at Dokkum 755.
FELIX of FRITZLAR, a monk at Fritzlar Abbey and contemporary of St. Boniface (vide supra). St, Felix martyred by a pagan mob circa 790.
Let us stand fast in what is right and prepare our souls for trial. . . . Let us be neither dogs that do not bark nor silent onlookers nor paid servants who run away before the wolf. – St. Boniface
FLORENTIUS, JULIAN, CYRIACUS, MARCELLINUS, and FAUSTINUS (MARTYRS of PERUGIA), a group of martyrs who were beheaded at Perugia (250) during the Decian Persecution.
MEINWERK, a member of the House of Immedinger, St. Meinwerk held several ecclesiastical positions, including Chaplain to the Court of Otto III, prior to being consecrated Bishop of Paderborn in 1009. During the twenty-seven years St. Meinwerk served the See of Paderborn, he undertook many construction projects, building monasteries and churches, which earned him the sobriquet ‘the Builder Bishop. St. Meinwerk repose 1036, and was buried in the crypt of the church at Abdinghof Abbey in Paderborn.
SANCTIUS (SANCHO, SANCIUS), a life-long Christian and native of Gaul captured during war with the Moors. St. Sanctius was then taken to Cordoba where he was educated at court and then enrolled in the Emir’s Guards. He was martyred (851) by impalement for his refusal to embrace Islam.
TUDNO, St. Tudno was a sixth century Welsh saint for whom Llandudno in Gwynedd is named. No other information on his life is extant.
WACCAR, GUNDEKAR, ELLEHER, and HATHAWULF, monks and members of the group working with St. Boniface (vide supra) that were martyred at Dokkum, 754.
18th June N.S.
ALENA, raised a pagan in Dilbeek on the outskirts of present-day Brussels. Unbeknownst to her parents St. Alena converted to Christianity. St. Alena’s father found out about her conversion, and one day as she was on her way to Mass, St. Alena was waylaid by guards her father had dispatched to intercept her and return her to the family home. St. Alena resisted, and the guards killed her, circa 640.
AMANDUS, consecrated the third Bishop of Bordeaux circa 404, St. Amandus resigned six years later and was succeeded by St. Severinus (23rd October). However, upon the repose of St. Severinus ( 420), St. Amandus returned to the See. Much of the extant information on St. Amandus’ life is from the works of St. Paulinus of Nola (22nd June) who was a catechumen of St. Amandus and later his spiritual child. He reposed circa 431.
CALOGERUS the ANCHORITE, a native of Greece who lived his last thirty-five years as a hermit, and noted exorcist, near Girgenti in Sicily. St. Calogerus reposed circa 486.
CYRIACUS and PAULA, two Christians who were stoned to death at Málaga circa 305, during the Diocletianic Persecution. No further information is extant.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
FORTUNATUS the PHILOSOPHER, driven from his See in northern Italy, St. Fortunatus settled in Gaul at Chelles, near Paris. He reposed circa 569.
GREGORY, DEMETRIUS, and CALOGERUS, (Fifth Century), exiled from their home in North Africa by Arian Vandals. SS. Gregory, a bishop; Demetrius, an archdeacon; and Calogerus, a monk; took up residence near Messina and spent the rest of their days evangelising the area.
GUY, a monk at Saint-Pierre de Baume-les-Messieurs Abbey in the French Jura, who succeeded St. Berno (13th January) as Abbot of Baume in 925. St. Guy resigned his abbacy circa 940 to live as a hermit, reposing later that year.
MARK and MARCELLIAN, convert twin brothers and sons of St. Tranquillinus of Rome (6th July). They were arrested during the reign of Emperor Maximian (r. 250 – 310). Sentenced to death, pagan relatives managed to have their execution delayed in the hopes they might entice SS. Mark and Marcellian to return to paganism. The entreaties fell on deaf ears as the saints refused to renounce Christ, and were martyred, circa 287.
OSMANNA (OSANNA), (Seventh or Eighth Century), many martyrologies conflate the two St. Osmannas venerated today. The first, St. Osmanna (of Northumbria) was a Northumbrian princess, possibly a daughter of King Altfrid and St. Cuthburga (31st August). Following her repose St. Osmanna was buried at Hoveden (present-day Howden Yorkshire). Miracles have been reported at her tomb.
OSMANNA (OSANNA) of JOUARRE, this St. Osmanna was also from the British Isles, and possibly a member of one of the royal families. She moved from Britain to Gaul, where she received monastic tonsure at the Abbaye Notre-Dame de Jouarre, and lived there until her repose circa 700.