Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
16th October (NS) — 3rd October (OS)
3rd October O.S.
CANDIDUS, (Date Unknown), one of the many early martyrs in Rome who were either martyred or buried at a place called the Ursus Pileatus on the Esquiline Hill. No further details are extant.
CYPRIAN, a disciple of St. Cæsarius of Arles (27th August), who consecrated him as Bishop of Toulon (A.D. 516). He appears to have been present at the Synod of Arles of 524, and in the following years to have attended a number of other councils, where he showed himself an ardent opponent of Semipelagianism. St. Cyprian reposed 546.
EWALD the FAIR and EWALD the DARK, two hieromonks from Northumbria with the same name who were styled ‘the fair’ and ‘the dark’ because of their hair colour. As was common at that time, they spent time studying in Ireland, and later travelled to Friesland to assist St. Willibrord (7th November) in his evangelical labours. They were martyred together in Aplerbeck, now a suburb of Dortmund circa 695.
FROILAN, a native of Lugo Spain, who, along with his friend St. Attilanus (5th October), helped revitalise monastic life at Moreruela Abbey close to Zamora in Castile. St. Froilan was consecrated Bishop of Léon in 900 serving until his repose 1005.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
GERARD of BROGNE, a member of the Lower Austrasian nobility, St. Gerard started out as a soldier, though even as a young man he displayed remarkable piety. He transformed a small chapel on his family’s estate into a large church, and eventually entered the Abbey of Saint-Denis in Paris, received monastic tonsure, and was ordained to the priesthood. St. Gerard returned to his native Namur where he built and served as Abbot of a new monastic community. During the twenty-two years he was Abbot, St. Gerard reformed several monasteries in the region and fought the carelessness of the clergy. St. Gerard reposed 959 at his Abbey in Brogne.
MAXIMIAN, originally a Donatist, St. Maximian converted to orthodox Christianity and was later consecrated Bishop of Bagaia in Numidia (present-day Algeria). As bishop, he prohibited the Donatists from using the basilica of Calvianum, and in retaliation they threw him from a tower to his death 404.
MENNA (MANNA), a maiden from Lorraine. The details of her life extant are not reliable, but she is believed to have reposed circa 395.
UTTO, a nephew of St. Gamelbert (27th January), the founder of St. Michael’s Abbey at Metten (Abtei Metten) in Bavaria. St. Utto served as the first Abbot of Metten, he reposed 820.
WIDRADUS (WARÉ), the Abbot responsible for reviving the monastery of Flavigny near Dijon. He also founded the monastery of Saulieu near Autun. St. Widradus reposed 747.
16th October N.S.
AMBROSE (AMBROSE, AMBROSIUS), historically counted as the thirteenth, though many traditions number him as sixteenth, Bishop of Cahors in Aquitaine. The period of his episcopacy was quite tumultuous, and St. Ambrose was forced to quit his See in fear for his life more than once. St. Ambrose finally retired to spend the rest of his life as a hermit near Borges. St. Ambrose he reposed at what is now called Saint-Ambroise-sur-Arnon in Berry circa A.D. 752, soon after returning from a pilgrimage to Rome.
BALDERIC (BAUDRY), the founder and first Abbot of Montfaucon-d’Argonne Abbey in Loraine. St. Balderic and his sister, St. Bova (24th April), were children of Sigebert I, King of Austrasia. Several years after founding Montfaucon, St. Balderic founded Saint-Pierre-les-Dames Abbey in Rheims with St. Bova as the first abbess. St. Balderic was the spiritual father of St. Wandrille 22nd July, who spent a decade of his early years in monasticism at Montfaucon. St. Balderic reposed circa A.D. 640 at Rheims whilst visiting his sister.
BALDWIN (BAUDOIN), Archdeacon of Laon, son of St. Salaberga (22nd September), and brother of St. Anstrudis (17th October). He was murdered, possibly by order of Ebroin (the despotic Mayor of the Palace of Neustria), circa A.D. 680, and subsequently venerated as a martyr.
BERCHARIUS, following his education under St. Nivard (1st September), Archbishop of Rheims, St. Bercharius entered Luxeuil Abbey. Returning to Rheims, he prevailed upon St. Nivard to found the Abbey of Saint-Pierre of Hautvillers, with St. Bercharius as its first Abbot. During his tenure as Abbot St. Bercharius also founded the Abbey of Montier-en-Der (for men) on land he had inherited, and Pellmoutier, Puellarum Monasterium (for women). in the Diocese of Châlons-sur-Marne near Rheims. St. Bercharius was mortally wounded when stabbed by a monk he had reprimanded, when the offender was brought before him rather than condemn the monk, he simply told him to go to on a pilgrimage to Rome where he should seek absolution. St. Bercharius reposed two days after he was stabbed, A.D. 696, and was subsequently venerated as a martyr.
BOLONIA, a fifteen-year-old girl martyred under Julian the Apostate in A.D. 362. No further information seems to be extant.
CONOGAN, a Breton saint whose life is sorely lacking in verifiable details. Possibly a native of Wales, St. Conogan is generally said to have been the second (or third) Bishop of Quimper in Brittany, succeeding St. Corentinus (12th December). St. Conogan reposed A.D. 460.
DULCIDIUS (DULCET, DOUCIS, DULCIDE), the fifth Bishop of Agen, succeeding St. Phaebadius (25th April). He is remembered for the fervour of his worship, charity and care for the poor and the sick, and defence of the faith against Arianism. St. Dulcidius reposed circa A.D. 450.
ELIPHIUS (ELOFF, ÉLIPHE), a native of Ireland who was martyred in Toul (A.D. 362) under Julian the Apostate (the Acta Sanctorum states on Julian’s personal orders). His relics were translated to Great St. Martin Church in Cologne in the tenth century A.D.
EREMBERTA, (Seventh Century), a niece of St. Wulmar (20th July), and first Abbess of Wierre-au-Bois Abbey in Pas-de-Calais, which was founded by St. Wulmar.
FLORENTINUS of TRIER, a fourth century A.D. Bishop of Trier, the successor of St. Severinus (21st December). No further information on his life is extant.
GALL (GALLUS), a monk at Bangor and one of the twelve disciples who accompanied St. Columbanus (23rd November) to France. A distinguished scholar of the scriptures, he helped in the founding of Luxeuil Abbey in Burgundy. Exiled by King Theodoric, St. Gall settled in present-day Switzerland where the monastery and town of Saint Gall later grew up. He reposed circa A.D. 645, and is venerated as one of the Apostles of Switzerland.
JUNIAN, (Fifth Century), a hermit at Comodoliac in the Limousin region of present-day France, which is now called Saint-Junien after him.
LULL (LULLUS, LUL), a monk at Malmesbury Abbey in Wiltshire, who joined St. Boniface’s (5th June) mission to the Germans. St. Lull was consecrated bishop A.D. 751-52 by St. Boniface to serve as his auxiliary, succeeding St. Boniface as the Archbishop of Mainz, A.D. 754. St. Lull reposed A.D. 787.
MAGNOBODUS (MAINBOEUF), a Frankish noble, chosen by popular acclaim to serve as seventh? Bishop of Angers in Anjou. St. Magnobodus reposed circa A.D. 670.
MARTINIAN, SATURIAN and COMPANIONS, four brothers who were slaves of an Arian Vandal in Mauritania (the Mediterranean coast of present-day Morocco). They were martyred under Genseric in A.D. 458 by being dragged by horses.
MARTYRS of NORTH-WEST AFRICA, a group of two hundred and twenty Christians martyred in north-west Africa. There are no further details extant.
MUMMOLIN (MOMMOLINUS), a native of Constance Switzerland, who recienved monastic tonsure at Luxeuil. He later spent time at Abbey of St. Bertin in Saint-Omer, and served as Abbot of Sithiu (later Saint-Omer) before being consecrated Bishop of Noyon-Tournai in A.D. 660-1, serving until his repose circa A.D. 686.
SATURNINUS, NEREUS and COMPANIONS, a group of three hundred and sixty-five orthodox Christians, in the present-day area of Tunisia and Algeria, who were martyred in A.D. 450 during the persecutions under the Arian Vandal King Genseric.
VITALIS (VIAL), a native of England who received monastic tonsure at Noirmoutier, and later as a hermit on Mont Scobrit near the Loire River. He reposed circa A.D. 740.