Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
16th May (NS) — 3rd May (OS)
3rd May O.S.
ADALSINDIS, a sister of St. Waldalenus (15th May), and abbess of a convent near Bèze in Burgundy. St. Adalsindis reposed circa A.D. 680.
ALDWYN, (Eighth Century), St. Aldwyn was an Abbot of Partney in Lincolnshire, England. Nothing further is known of this saint.
ALEXANDER I, (On Eastern Calendars 16th March) sixth Pope of Rome from circa A.D. 108 until his martyrdom circa A.D. 116 -119. Pope St. Alexander baptised St. Balbina of Rome (31st March), and whilst imprisoned and awaiting execution, converted the fellow captives who are commemorated as the Martyrs of Ostia (10th April).
ALEXANDER, EVENTIUS, and THEODULUS, three martyr priests who were burned and beheaded in Rome circa A.D. 113. Their relics were later interred in the church of Santa Sabina in Rome.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
ANSFRID (ANSFRIDUS), a Count of Brabant, Courtier, and soldier for Holy Roman Emperors Otto III and Henry II. In his mid-thirties, St. Ansfrid, feeling a call to monastic life, founded Thorn Abbey in Limburg for his wife and daughter. He then founded Heiligenberg Abbey (later St. Paul’s Abbey, Utrecht) with a view to settling there and living out his days as a monk. However, Emperor Otto III had different plans and made St. Ansfrid nineteenth Archbishop of Utrecht. Towards the end of his life, St. Ansfrid became blind, retired to Heiligenberg Abbey, and finished his life as a monk. St. Ansfridus reposed in A.D. 1010.
ELWIN (ETHELWIN), (Eighth Century), the second Bishop of Lindsey, and a devoted friend of St. Egbert (24th April). St. Elwin resigned his See at the beginning of the eighth century and accompanied St. Egbert to Ireland, reposing shortly thereafter.
GLUVIAS (GLYWYS), (Sixth Century), St. Gluvias was a son of SS. Gwynllyw (29th March), King of Gwynllwg in South Wales, and Gladys (29th March), and a brother of St. Cadoc (24th January). He was also a grandson of St. King Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April), and a nephew of St. Petroc (4th June). St. Gluvias founded a monastery in Cornwall where there is a church dedicated to him.
JUVENAL of NARNI, the first Bishop of Narni, in present-day Umbria, Italy. St. Juvenal reposed circa A.D. 373, it is possible he was martyred, but records are vague.
PHILIP of ZELL, an Anglo-Saxon pilgrim, who returning from Rome, settled as a hermit near Worms in present-day Germany. St. Philip reposed circa A.D. 770.
SCANNAL, a disciple of St. Columba of Iona (9th June) and missionary in Cell-Coleraine, Co. Londonderry, Ireland. St. Scannal was remarkable for his zeal and success in evangelisation, he reposed circa A.D. 563.
16th May N.S.
ANNOBERT (ALNOBERTUS, ALNOBERT), a monk at the Abbey of Our Lady of Almenèches in Normandy. St. Annobert was consecrated Bishop of Séez, also in Normandy, circa A.D. 685, and reposed circa A.D. 689.
Shall I abandon, O King of mysteries, the soft comforts of home?
Shall I turn my back on my native land, and turn my face towards the sea?
Shall I put myself wholly at Thy mercy, without silver, without a horse,
without fame, without honour?
O King of the Glorious Heaven, shall I go of my own choice upon the sea?
O Christ, wilt Thou help me on the wild waves?
— Prayer of St. Brendan the Voyager
BRENDAN the VOYAGER, our venerable and God-bearing father Brendan the Voyager was an Irish monk, and perhaps the first Orthodox Christian to set foot on North American soil. After founding several monasteries in Ireland, including the famous Abbeys of Ardfert in Co. Kerry and Clonfert in Co. Galway, and authoring a monastic Rule remarkable for its austerity, he embarked upon numerous missionary and pastoral travels to Scotland and perhaps Wales. According to an anonymous Hiberno-Latin work, probably from the ninth century, called the Navigatio Sancti Brendani, St. Brendan, accompanied by a group of monks, sailed west to what many believe might very well have been North America. One of the questions as to the veracity of the story is whether a boat such as the one St. Brendan used would be capable of sailing from Ireland to North America. However, in 1976, British explorer Tim Severin built a replica of the boat St. Brendan would have used, and over two summers sailed from Ireland via the Hebrides, Faroe Islands and Iceland to Newfoundland to demonstrate that the saint’s purported voyage was feasible. St. Brendan reposed circa A.D. 578 at Annaghdown (Eanach Dhúin), in Co. Galway, and was buried in Clonfert Cathedral. He is venerated as the patron saint of sailors, and numbered amongst the ‘Twelve Apostles of Ireland’
Troparion of St. Brendan the Voyager — Tone IV
The Divine Likeness has been perfected in thee, O holy Father Brendan,
For taking up the Cross thou hast followed Christ,
And by thy deeds thou hast taught us to disdain the flesh for it passes away,
But to cultivate the soul for it is immortal:
Wherefore, O holy father, thy spirit rejoices with the Angels.
CARANTAC (CARANTOG, CAIMACH, CARNATH), (Fifth Century), St. Carantac was a Welsh prince and disciple of St. Patrick (17th March) with whom he worked in the evangelisation of Ireland in the fifth century. There are sources who consider St. Carantac and St. Carantog to have been two separate saints, however there is insufficient information extant to support this opinion.
CARANTOC, (Sixth Century), St. Carantoc, a Welsh abbot, is credited with founding the church of Llangranog. There are several legends that connect this saint with Cornwall and Somerset in England, as well as Brittany, however, there is little information to support these theories, and what does exist seems to be unreliable.
DOMNOLUS, an abbot of an abbey near Paris, who, in A.D. 543 he was consecrated Bishop of Le Mans. Well-loved for his sanctity and holiness of life, and care for his flock, St. Domnolus founded monasteries, churches, and hospitals. He also had a prominent role at the Second Council of Tours (A.D. 566). St. Domnolus reposed circa A.D. 540.
FELIX and GENNADIUS, (Date Unknown), two martyrs whose relics were enshrined in Uzalis, Africa Proconsularis (present-day El Alia, Tunisia). No further information about them is extent.
FIDOLUS (PHAL), the son of a government official in Auvergne who was kidnapped by soldiers of King Clovis’ army and sold into slavery. St. Fidolus was ransomed by Aventinus, Abbot of Aumont in the present-day village of Saint-Phal, whom he later succeeded as abbot. Following St. Fidolus’ repose, circa A.D. 540, the Abbey was re-named Saint-Phal in his honour. He reposed circa A.D. 540.
FORT, (First Century ?), traditionally considered the first Bishop of Bordeaux, St. Fort is thought to have been martyred along with an unknown number of fellow Christians.
FRANCOVEUS (FRANCHY), a seventh century A.D. monk at the Abbey of St. Martin de la Bretonnière (part of present-day Sainte-Marie, Nièvre, France). Following the destruction of the Abbey, St. Francoveus lived as a hermit near the former abbey.
GERMERIUS, the seventh Bishop of Toulouse. St. Germerius served that See for fifty years, reposing circa A.D. 560.
HILARY, a Bishop of Pavia, just south of Milan. St. Hilary worked hard to protect his diocese from the Arian heresy. He reposed in A.D. 376.
HONORATUS of AMIENS, the seventh Bishop of Amiens, St. Honoratus reposed circa A.D. 600. The rue Saint-Honoré in the first and eighth arrondissements of Paris are named in his honour.
MAXIMA, (Date Unknown), a maiden known for her holiness who lived in the area around Fréjus in the present-day Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region of France.
PEREGRINUS (PEREGRINE, PELLEGRINO) of AUXERRE, a Roman appointed by Pope St. Sixtus II (6th August) to serve as the first Bishop of Auxerre. According to the Martyrologium Hieronymianum St. Peregrinus was martyred at Bouhy in Burgundy circa A.D. 304 during the Diocletianic Persecution.
PEREGRINUS of TERNI, the first Bishop of Terni in Umbria. He was a diligent pastor to his flock, and brought many people to Christ as well. The date of the repose of St. Peregrinus is variously given as circa A.D. 138, 261, or 273.
POSSIDIUS, a disciple and hagiographer of St. Augustine of Hippo (28th August) and later Bishop of Calama in Numidia in North Africa. St. Possidius played an important role in combatting the heresies of his day, and was exiled by the Arian Vandals. Ending his life in Apulia region of southern Italy circa A.D. 440.
PRIMAEL, a native of Britain who went to Brittany where he lived as a hermit near Quimper. There are several churches in Brittany dedicated to him. St. Primael reposed circa A.D. 450.