Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
16th June (NS) — 3rd June (OS)
3rd June O.S.
CAECILIUS (CAECILIAN), (Third Century), a priest in Carthage, Africa Proconsularis. In his last years St. Caecilius catechised and then baptised St. Cyprian of Carthage (16th September). Always more than a spiritual father to St. Cyprian, following St. Caecilius’ repose St. Cyprian cared for his wife and children. St. Jerome (30th September) says that the saint was the reason St. Cyprian added Caecilius to his name.
CLOTILDE, the daughter of Chilperic, King of Burgundy, and wife of Clovis, King of the Franks. Clovis was a pagan at the time of their marriage, and St. Clotilde taught her husband about Christ, resulting in Clovis becoming a Christian himself, as well as the first Christian king of the Franks. Following the repose of Clovis (A.D. 511), St. Clotilde retired to the tomb of St. Martin (11th November) in Tours, where she devoted the rest of her life to a life of charity and piety. St. Clotilde reposed A.D.545.
COMINUS, (Second Century), one of the Martyrs of Lyons and Vienne, most of whom are commemorated on 2nd June. St. Cominus was mauled to death by animals (A.D. 177) in the amphitheatre of Lugdunum, Gaul (present-day Lyons France).
CRONAN, St. Cronan was a disciple of St. Kevin (vide infra) at Glendalough in Co. Wicklow, Ireland and reposed in A.D. 617. Nothing further is known of his life.
DAVINUS, a native of Armenia, who sold all his possessions, giving the proceeds to the poor. St. Davinus then set out on a pilgrimage to Rome and then on to Compostella. Stopping along the way at Lucca in Tuscany, St. Davinus was stricken by an ailment which proved to be fatal. St. Davinus reposed A.D. 1051, and was buried in one of the town’s churches.
GAUSMARUS, Abbot of the Abbey of St. Martin of Savigny from A.D. 954 until his repose A.D. 984.
GENESIUS, upon completion of his education St. Genesius renounced the world for an ecclesiastical life. He served as Archdeacon of Clermont, in Auvergne, then in A.D. 656, St. Genesius was consecrated Bishop of Clermont. While Bishop, St. Genesius fought the heresies of Novatian and Jovinian, founded a hospital at Clermont, the Abbey of Our Lady of Manglieu or Manlieu (men), the Abbey of Chantoin (women), as well as the church of St. Symphorian, now called St. Genesius. St. Genesius reposed A.D. 662 and was buried in the church of St. Symphorian.
GLUNSHALLAICH, St. Glunshallaich is famous in Ireland for having repented of his evil ways; he was converted by St. Kevin (vide infra), with whom he was buried at Glendalough in Co. Wicklow. St. Glunshallaich reposed A.D. 617.
HILARY, a fourth century Bishop of Carcassonne in the Occitanie. While Bishop, St. Hilary worked to prevent the spread the Arianism in his diocese.
ISAAC, a native of Cordoba, and a Christian, St. Isaac’s proficiency in Arabic enabled him to have a high-ranking Moorish government position. Nevertheless, he resigned to enter monastic life, entering a monastery in Tabanos not far from Cordoba. A few years after he was tonsured, St. Isaac got caught up in a public debate on religion, during the course of which he denounced Mohammed, for which he was martyred A.D. 852.
KEVIN (COEMGEN, CAOIMHGHIN), our venerable father Kevin of Glendalough, Wonderworker of Ireland, was the founding Abbot of Glendalough and is one of the patron saints of Dublin. Though sources for his Life are late and unreliable, it is generally believed he was born in Leinster to a noble family, and was educated by St. Petroc (4th June) during the latter’s stay in Ireland. After ordination to the priesthood, St. Kevin spent seven years as an anchorite in a cave now known as St. Kevin’s Bed near Glendalough. He went on to found what grew into the famous monastery of Glendalough, parent of several other monasteries and destined to become, with its seven churches, one of the chief centres of pilgrimage in Ireland. It is said he reposed A.D. 618 at the age of one hundred and twenty.
Troparion of St. Kevin of Glendalough — Tone VIII
Thou wast privileged to live in the age of saints,
O Father Kevin, being baptized by one saint
taught by another, and buried by a third.
Pray to God that he will raise up saints in our day
to help, support, and guide us in the way of salvation.
Troparion of St. Kevin of Glendalough — Tone IV
With hymns of praise let us all bless the noble Kevin,
who by his godly love poureth divine grace into the hearts of those who honour him;
for he dwelleth now with the saints and angels in heaven,
where he standeth before the throne of the Most High,
praying unceasingly for us all.
Kontakion of St. Kevin of Glendalough — Tone V
Forsaking thy noble inheritance,
and shunning all the crooked ways of this sin-loving world,
thou didst apply thine obedient feet to the straight and narrow path of Christ,
eagerly hastening throughout thy life toward the heavenly Sion,
where with all the saints and the bodiless hosts thou criest aloud in ecstasy:
Let every breath praise the Lord!
Ye lofty trees of Ireland, ever move your verdant branches,
that with the rustling of your leafs,
as with the strings of a multitude of harps,
ye may make sweet music for the King of kings;
for thus of old did ye delight His faithful servant,
the venerable Kevin, with your melodious song,
easing the severity of his ascetic life with the beauty of your hymnody,
filling his soul with exultation, and causing him to cry aloud:
Let every breath praise the Lord!
LIPHARDUS (LIFARD), after a successful career in the Orléans government, in which he held several high-level positions, St. Liphardus left the world to enter the Church. After ordination to the Deaconate, St. Liphardus withdrew to live as a hermit just outside of the city. Later after being ordained to the Priesthood, disciples began to gather round him for whom he founded a monastery at Meung-sur-Loire, and served as its first Abbot. St. Liphardus reposed circa A.D. 550.
OLIVA, (Date Uncertain), a nun at Anagni near Rome, of whom nothing further is known.
PERGENTINUS and LAURENTINUS, two brothers who were martyred in Arezzo A.D. 251, during the Decian Persecution.
16th June N.S.
ACTINEA and GRAECINA, martyred during the Diocletianic Persecution. No further information is extant.
AURELIAN, Archbishop of Arles, and Papal Vicar of Gaul from A.D. 546 until his repose A.D. 551. While Archbishop, St. Aurelian founded a monastery for women and another one for men, and assisted at the Fifth Council of Orange (A.D. 549).
AUREUS, JUSTINA, and COMPANIONS, (Date Uncertain), St. Aureus was a Bishop of Mainz who was murdered at the altar by Huns whilst saying the Mass. His sister St. Justina, and all in attendance were slaughtered at the same time
BERTHALDUS (BERTAUD), an anchorite in the Ardennes region, St. Berthaldus was priested by St. Remigius (1st October). The village of Chaumont in the Archdiocese of Rheims, France. grew up around his titular abbey and church. St. Berthaldus reposed circa A.D. 540.
CETTIN (CETHAGH), St. Cettin was a disciple of St. Patrick (17th March), who consecrated him bishop to assist with the latter’s apostolic work. St. Cettin reposed in the fifth century A.D.; his shrine at Oran, Co. Roscommon survived until the end of the eighteenth century.
COLMAN MC ROI, (Sixth Century), St. Colman was a deacon and disciple of St. Columba (9th June) and the founder (circa A.D. 530) of a monastery on Lambay Island, off the coast of north Co. Dublin in Ireland.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
CURIG, it is generally believed that St. Curig was a sixth century Bishop of Llanbadarn in Wales, where there are several churches dedicated to him. It is extremely difficult to accurately trace his history. Even distinguishing him from other saints bearing similar names is problematic.
FELIX and MAURUS, (Sixth Century), father and son originally from the Holy Land who, after a pilgrimage to Rome, settled at the place now called San Felice, after St. Felix, near Narni in central Italy. A few sources list them as bishops, albeit without further details.
FERREOLUS and FERRUTIO, St. Ferreolus, a priest or possibly a bishop, and Ferrutio, a deacon, were two brothers sent by St. Irenaeus of Lyons (28th June) to preach the Gospel in Besançon and environs near the present-day border of France and Switzerland. After a very fruitful three decades evangelising, SS. Ferreolus and Ferrutio were martyred circa A.D. 212.
ISMAEL, (Sixth Century), St. Ismael was a disciple of St. Teio (9th February), and was consecrated bishop by him. No further information on his life remains.
SIMILIAN (SAMBIN), St. Gregory of Tours (17th November) testified to the holiness of St. Similian, the third Bishop of Nantes. He reposed A.D. 310.
SIMPLICIUS of BOURGES, a layman whose reputation for holiness of life led to him being chosen Bishop of Bourges. St. Simplicius was a staunch defender of the Church against the Arian Visigoths, he reposed A.D. 477.