Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
14th June (NS) — 1st June (OS)
1st June O.S.
ATTO, a monk at Oña in Old Castile, where he was a disciple of St. Iñigo (vide infra). St. Atto later served as Bishop of Oca-Valpuesta, reposing circa 1044.
CAPRASIUS, a hermit on the island of Lérins; who was joined by St. Venantius (30th May) and his brother St. Honoratus (16th January) on Lérins, and later all three spent time living and studying in monastic communities in Greece, Egypt, and Palestine. St. Caprasius succeeded St. Honoratus as Abbot of Lérins when St. Honoratus was consecrated Bishop of Arles. St. Caprasius reposed circa 430.
CLARUS (CLAIR D’AQUITAINE, CLAIR D’ALBI), (Fifth Century), the first Bishop of Aquitaine. All that is known of this saint is based upon pious legends as there are no contemporaneous documentation of his life. St. Clarus was martyred whilst attempting to convert the local pagans. His relics are enshrined in the Cathédrale Saint-Gervais-et-Saint-Protais de Lectoure (Lectoure Cathedral) in the Midi-Pyrénées in present-day southwestern France.
CRESCENTIUS (CRESCENTIAN), said to have been an Imperial Roman soldier and convert to Christianity, who during the Diocletianic Persecution was martyred by pagans 303 near Città di Castello in Umbria. However, it is highly possible St. Crescentius is entirely apocryphal.
FELINUS and GRATIAN, two soldiers in the imperial army who were martyred in Perugia during the Decian Persecution 250.
“Is this not the task of philosophy to enquire about the divine?” –Saint Justin Martyr.
FORTUNATUS, a parish priest near Spoleto in Umbria, and wonderworker, St. Fortunatus was also known for his skills as a pastor, and care for the destitute. He reposed circa 400.
GAUDENTIUS of OSSERO, consecrated Bishop of Ossero in Istria (present-day Croatia) in 1030. Having been slandered by some of the area’s nobility, St. Gaudentius went to Rome to defend himself against the charges. As he was returning to his See, St. Gaudentius fell ill in Ancona in the Marches. After recovering he resigned his See (1032) and spent the rest of his life as a monk, reposing 1044.
IÑIGO (EÑECO), the second Abbot of the Monastery of San Salvador (Holy Saviour) of Oña, in the Kingdom of Castile. Known for his sanctity of life and wonderworking, St. Iñigo served as Abbot from 1038 until his repose in 1057.
JUSTIN the PHILOSOPHER (JUSTIN MARTYR), raised a pagan in the Holy Land, as an adult St. Justin was a philosopher who, about the age of thirty, converted to Christianity from his reading of the Scriptures and observing the strength and stoicism of martyrs. Turning his philosophical training to Christian Apologetics, resulted in a plethora of important works. Though most of his writing hasn’t survived, his still extant books Dialogue with Trypho and Apologies are amongst the most important Christian writings of the second century. Alas, his prominence as a defender of the Faith attracted the attention of the authorities who beheaded him circa 165.
JUVENTIUS, (Date Unknown), a Roman martyr of whom nothing is known.
PROCULUS, generally believed to have been a Roman officer martyred in Bologna during the Diocletianic Persecution, circa 304. The relics of St. Proculus are enshrined in the Church of San Procolo, Bologna.
REVERIANUS, PAUL, and COMPANIONS (MARTYRS of AUTUN), a bishop and priest respectively who seem to have been sent to Gaul by Pope St. Felix I (30th May) to enlighten the Autun region during the reign of Aurelian (270 -275). Emperor Aurelian was zealous in his persecution of Christians, and SS. Reverianus and Paul did not escape torment. Arrested along with ten laymen did not escape all of whom were subjected to torture and then beheaded, circa 273.
RONAN, (Date Uncertain), the life of St. Ronan is inextricably linked to that of St. Rumon (30th August) and another St. Ronan (of Locronan in Brittany) (also 1st June) who was an Irish missionary in Brittany. The two saints may be the same person. This St. Ronan seems to have been an early bishop of an unknown See who preached in Cornwall, and perhaps Britany where the village of Locronan (place of Ronan) memorialises him. St. Ronan(s) are venerated at Tavistock in Devonshire and elsewhere in England, as well as Brittany.
SECUNDUS, there is no verifiable historical record of his existence, but according to pious tradition, St. Secundus of Amelia in Umbria was martyred by drowning (304) during the Diocletianic Persecution.
SIMEON (SYMEON) of TRIER (of SYRACUSE), a native of Syracuse in Sicily, who was educated in Constantinople. St. Simon went to the Holy Land as a pilgrim, where he then received monastic tonsure and ordination to the Diaconate at Bethlehem. After some time in Bethlehem, St, Simeon live as a hermit on the Jordan River, and then settled as a hermit on Mt. Sinai. The Abbot of Mt. Sinai dispatched St. Simeon to Normandy to solicit funds from the Duke of Normandy. St. Simeon settled near Trier, where he lived as a hermit under the direction of the Abbot of St. Martin’s Abbey where he remained until he reposed 1035.
WISTAN (WINSTON), St. Wistan was a Mercian Prince who was martyred (850) for zealously upholding Church discipline at a location now known as Wistanstow in Shropshire. He was buried at Repton Abbey; his relics were later translated to Evesham Abbey.
WITE, (Date Unknown), St. Wite (also called St. Candida in an attempt to Latinise her name) was an anchoress who was martyred by the Danes in Dorset in England. Her relics were enshrined at Whitchurch Canonicorum and remain there to this day, the only relics to survive in a parish church in England. Her holy well is at the nearby village of Morcombelake.
14th June N.S.
ANASTASIUS, FELIX, and DIGNA, three more of the Martyrs of Córdoba. SS. Anastasius and Felix were monks, and St. Digna a nun, at the double monastery at Tábanos. They were beheaded 853.
CEARAN (CIARAN), St. Cearan was Abbot of Belach-Cluin in Co. Meath Ireland. He was given the surname “The Devout” because of the holiness of his life. St. Cearan reposed 870.
DOGMAEL, St. Dogmael was a monk who evangelised in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey (Ynys Môn) in Wales and later in Brittany. He lived at the end of the fifth, and beginning of the sixth century, no further information on his life is extant.
ETHERIUS (AETHERIUS), a Bishop of Vienne, who flourished in the early seventh century Nothing further is known of him.
GEROLD, one of Charlemagne’s courtiers, who left the world and became a monk at Abbey of St Wandrille in Fontenelle, Normandy. Consecrated Bishop of Evreux 787, towards the end of his life St. Gerold resigned his See and returned to Fontenelle to finish his days as a simple monk. He reposed 806.
HARTWIG, consecrated twelfth Archbishop of Salzburg 991. St. Hartwig served his See until his repose 1023.
LOTHARIUS, the founder of a monastery in the forest of Argentan near the River Orne in Normandy. After St. Lotharius’ repose, the monastery was re-named Saint-Loyer-des-Champs, in his honour. Later, he served over three decades as Bishop of Séez in the Tarentaise valley of south-eastern present-day France. St. Lotharius reposed circa 756.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
MARCIAN of SYRACUSE, (Date Uncertain), according to Sicilian tradition the Apostle Peter (29th June) sent St. Marcian to Sicily to serve as the first Bishop of Syracuse. However, as the most reliable authorities have been unable to place the date of his repose earlier than circa 254, it is much more likely that St. Marcian was a third century bishop sent by the Pope of Rome of the day, who is regarded in the Roman Catholic Church as the successor of the Apostle Peter.
MARK of LUCERA, a fourth century bishop in southern present-day Italy. St. Mark is believed to have reposed circa 328, and was the object of a localised cultus.
NENNUS (NENUS, NEHEMIAS), a seventh century abbot of monasteries on the Isles of Arran and Bute in Ireland.
PSALMODIUS, an Irish or Scottish disciple of Brendan the Voyager (16th May). St. Psalmodius went to Gaul where he lived as a hermit near Limoges until his repose in the late seventh century A.D.
QUINTIAN (QUINCTIAN), (Date Unknown), according to the Roman Martyrology St. Quintian was a Bishop of Rodez in the south of present-day France. However, the current opinion of contemporary authorities is this an error, as St. Quinctian of Rodez became a Bishop of Auvergne, and is venerated on 13th November. Today’s St. Quintian was most likely a simple priest.
RICHARD of ST. VANNES, an Abbot of St. Vannes Abbey in Verdun. St. Richard was nicknamed ‘Gratia Dei’ (‘Thanks be to God’), which was a phrase he frequently said. He reposed 1046.
VALERIUS and RUFINUS, possibly missionaries from Rome, St. Valerius and Rufinus were arrested in Soissons circa 287, during the Diocletianic Persecution. In court, they both very publicly proclaimed their faith in Christ resulting in their torture and then martyrdom.