Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
11th August (NS) — 29th July (OS)
29th July O.S.
FAUSTINUS, (Fourth Century), a disciple of St. Felix (18th May) a Bishop of Martano or Spello in Perugia in east central Umbria. St. Faustinus was St. Felix’s attendant at his martyrdom, and himself was tortured for Christ but not martyred, and later reposed peacefully in Todi in Umbria.
KILIAN, (Seventh Century), St. Kilian was abbot of a monastery on the Island of Inniscaltra, and author of a Life of St. Brigid (1st February). No further information on his life is extant.
LUPUS (LOUP, LEU) of TROYES, married to Pimeniola, a sister of St. Hilary of Arles (5th May), though after six years, they separated by mutual agreement. St. Lupus renounced his wealth and received monastic tonsure at Lérins Abbey. With great reluctance, he was consecrated seventh Bishop of Troyes (circa A.D. 426). He is often said to have been the same Lupus who accompanied St. Germanus of Auxerre (31st July) to Britain to assist in the elimination of Pelagianism. According to tradition, St. Lupus is credited with saving Troyes from Attila the Hun (A.D. 453), however many modern scholars question the veracity of this. St. Lupus reposed A.D. 478.
OLAV OF NORWAY (OLAF, TOLA), repenting of a youth spent as a pirate, he was baptised in Rouen (A.D. 1010), three years later he helped Æthelred II defend England against the Danes. Upon ascending to the throne (A.D. 1015), he immediately summoned missionaries, mainly from England, to enlighten his homeland. This was only partially successful, and he was driven from his kingdom. In an attempt to recover it, he fell in battle at Stiklestad (A.D. 1030). Not long after St. Olav’s martyrdom, he was declared Rex Perpetuus Norvegiae. In modern Norway, he still has prominent cultural and legal positions, represented by the axe held by the lion in Norway’s arms, and Olsok (Olaf’s Vigil) on 29th July, is a national day of celebration.
PROSPER of ORLEANS, an early Bishop of Orleans, he reposed circa A.D. 453.
SERAPIA, a native of Antioch who was a slave of a Roman noblewoman named Sabina. St. Serapia’s piety so moved her mistress who soon became a Christian too. During the persecution of Christians under Emperor Hadrian, St. Serapia was tortured and finally martyred by beheading, A.D. 119.
SILIN (SULIAN), (Sixth Century), St. Silin was the founder and first Abbot of a monastery at Luxulyan in Cornwall. There is some confusion surrounding the details of his life, and it is possible that he was either born in Brittany, or spent time there.
SIMPLICIUS, FAUSTINUS, and BEATRIX, two brothers who, during the Diocletianic Persecution circa A.D. 303, were beaten, beheaded, and their bodies thrown in to the Tiber. St. Beatrix, their sister, was strangled in prison seven months later.
11th August N.S.
ATTRACTA (ATHRACHT), (Fifth Century), St. Attracta is believed to have been a contemporary of St. Patrick (17th March), from whom it is thought she received monastic tonsure. She went on to found monasteries in Co. Sligo and Co. Roscommon. St. Attracta was renowned for her charity and the hospitality she extended to travellers and the homeless.
CHROMATIUS, (Third Century), the father of St. Tiburtius (vide infra) the martyr. Whilst Praefectus Urbi of Rome, St. Chromatius was converted to Christianity by St. Tranquillinus (6th July) and baptised by St. Polycarp (23rd February).
DIGNA, (Fourth Century), an anchoress in the mountains near Todi in Umbria during the Diocletianic Persecution.
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
EQUITIUS (EQUIZIO), greatly influenced St. Benedict of Nursia(11th July), he was the founder of a number of monasteries in the region of Valeria Suburbicaria (present-day L’Aquila-Rieti-Tivoli, Italy). St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September) speaks highly of him in his Dialogues. St. Equitius reposed at the monastery of San Lorenzo di Pizzoli circa A.D. 570.
GAUGERICUS (GAU, GÉRY), a native of Trier, who became a priest, and was consecrated Bishop of Cambrai-Arras circa A.D. 585. He also assisted at the Council of Paris, October A.D. 614. St. Gaugericus reposed circa A.D. 625 after an episcopate of thirty-nine years.
LELIA, (Date Unknown), there is no recorded information on the life of St. Lelia, though observances of her feast have been documented for hundreds of years. There are several places in Ireland whose names are derived from Lelia, including Killeely (Cill Liadaini), Co. Limerick.
RUFINUS and COMPANIONS, (Date Unknown), there is a St Rufinus, Bishop of the Marsi, and his companions, martyred under Emperor Maximinus listed in the Roman Martyrology on 11th August. However, he is in all likelihood the same as the St. Rufinus (of Assisi) listed on 30th July.
SUSANNA, the daughter of St. Gainus (19th February) and niece of Caius, variously identified as either Pope St. Caius (22 April) or Caius, Presbyter of Rome. St. Susanna was beheaded by order of Diocletian, also a relative, in St. Gainus’ house circa A.D. 295. The house in which she was martyred, as well as the one next door, belonging to her uncle, were converted into a church which later became St. Susanna ad duas domos in Rome. For reasons no longer known she is frequently grouped with St. Tiburtius (vide infra) on calendars, though there is no connexion between them.
TAURINUS, traditionally counted as the first Bishop of Evreux in Normandy. He reposed circa A.D. 410 – 412, there is no further information extant.
TIBURTIUS, the only son of St. Chromatius (vide supra). During the Diocletianic Persecution, St. Tiburtius was martyred by beheading at the third mile-stone of the Via Lavicana A.D. 286. He is mentioned in the legends of St. Sebastian (20th January) who is said to have been his Godfather. St. Tiburtius was entombed in the Inter duas lauros cemetery on the Via Lavicana. For reasons no longer known he is frequently grouped with St. Susanna (vide supra) on calendars, though there is no connexion between them.