Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints
10th August (NS) — 28th July (OS)
28th July O.S.
ARDUINUS (ARDWYNE), there is no reliable information on this Saint extant, however there are those who say he was one of four English pilgrims who reposed whilst on a pilgrimage to Rome in the seventh century. St. Arduinus is venerated as the Patron Saint of the town of Ceprano.
CAMELIAN, a disciple of St. Loupus of Troyes(29th July), and his successor A.D. 478. St. Camelian is listed amongst the attendees of the First Council of Orléans (A.D. 511). He reposed circa A.D. 525
INNOCENT I, Pope of Rome from A.D. 402 until his repose A.D. 417. During his Pontificate Rome was sacked by the Goths under Alaric (A.D. 410). St. Innocent was also one of the leaders in the condemning of Pelagianism.
LUCIDUS, a monk at St. Peter’s Abbey near Aquara, Italy. St Lucidus reposed circa A.D. 938, and nothing further about his life is known.
LYUTIUS, a monk at Monte Cassino, who spent his last years as a hermit at La Trinità della Cava near Cava de’ Tirreni, in southern Italy. St. Lyutius reposed circa A.D. 1038.
NAZARIUS and CELSUS, (on Eastern Calendars 14th October with SS. Gervase and Protase), two martyrs in Milan who were beheaded on the orders of Emperor Nero circa A.D. 68. According to a legend of dubious veracity, St. Nazarius was a son of Perpetua, a disciple of the Apostle Peter, who also catechised St. Nazarius.
Troparion of Martyr Nazarius of Milan — Tone IV
Let us praise the fourfold company of martyrs:
Nazarius, Protase, Gervase and Celsus.
For they preached the Trinity to all
And by their contest dispelled the worship of idols.
Through their prayers, O Christ God, have mercy on us all.
PEREGRINUS, (Second Century), very little information on this saint remains, he seems to have been a priest of the Diocese of Lyons in the time of St. Irenaeus (28th June), who in the latter half of the second century lived as a hermit on an island in the River Saône.
SAMSON (SAMPSON), one of the greatest missionaries of the sixth century in western Europe, St. Samson of Dol evangelised for Christ in Ireland, Cornwall, the Channel Islands, and Brittany. A Welsh monk, St. Samson began as a disciple of St. Illtyd (6th November) at his great nursery of saints, Llantwit, and then went onto Caldey Island, where he served as abbot. Instructed in a vision, St. Samson left Caldey, living for a while as a hermit near the River Severn. He then went to Ireland, and to Cornwall where his was consecrated bishop by St. Dubricius (14th November). St. Samson finally settled in Brittany, where he spent the rest of his life enlightening the Britons from his base at Dol. The exact date of St. Samson’s repose in unknown. Records show that he attended the Councils of Paris in A.D. 553 and A.D. 557, so he reposed sometime after A.D. 557. He was almost immediately venerated as a saint. Initially buried at Dol, St. Samson’s relics were later translated to Paris.
VICTOR I, a native of Tunisia in North Africa who was the fourteenth Pope of Rome from circa A.D. 189 until his repose circa A.D. 198. Whilst he introduced Latin as the liturgical language in the Roman See, displacing Greek, which had been used since the See was founded, St. Victor is best known for his role in the Quartodeciman Controversy. Most sources list him as the first native of Africa to have been Bishop of Rome, and as a martyr.
10th August N.S.
AGUILBERTE, the second Abbess of the Abbey of Notre-Dame de Jouarre, in Austrasia. St. Aguilberte reposed circa A.D. 680.
AREDIUS (ARIDIUS, AREGIUS) , Archbishop of Lyons from A.D. 603 until his repose A.D. 615. He was a highly regarded theologian who actively fought against heterodoxy.
ASTERIA (HESTERIA), a martyr (circa A.D. 307) venerated since the fourth century A.D., in Bergamo in Lombardy. According to ancient tradition she was beheaded during the Diocletianic Persecution. She is also associated with St. Grata (1st May) in the burial of the holy martyr Alexander (26th August).
Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said “The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies”.
BASSA, PAULA, and AGATHONICA, (Date Unknown), nothing is known of these three maidens, other than the have been listed in the major martyrologies for generations as martyrs at Carthage in North Africa.
BETTELIN (BERTRAM), (Eighth Century), in the Anglican Church of the Holy Cross at Ilam, Staffordshire, is the Chapel of St. Bertram, built in 1618 by the Meverell, Port, and Hurt families. The chapel holds the remains and shrine of St. Bertram, an Anglo-Saxon saint, whose existence is entirely legendary. All the information on St. Bertram, or Bettelin, seems to come from a Life in the 1516 edition of the Nova Legenda Angliæ. St. Bertram is described as a seventh or eighth century Mercian King who renounced his title and wealth, and abandoned the world. He became a hermit in the area that is present-day Stafford, of which he is patron saint. This Life is confused and intertwined with that of St. Bettelin (9th September), and it is possible, if not probable, that they are one and the same person.
Troparion of St. Bertram of Stafford – Tone VIII
Like new-born lambs are we lacking in any defence, unable to
withstand the onslaughts of the spiritual wolves who seek ever
devour us; but do thou, O righteous Bertram, come unto our aid,
and with the staff of God’s grace which abideth in thee drive far
from us the savage minions of Satan, that by thine entreaties we
may find safety and rest in the fold of Christ in paradise.
BLANE (BLAAN, BLAIN), (Sixth Century), according to the Aberdeen Breviary St. Blane was a disciple of SS. Comgall (10th May) and Kenneth (11th October). He was consecrated Bishop of Kingarth in the Isle of Bute in Scotland at the end of the sixth or beginning of the seventh century A.D. St. Blane was buried at Dunblane, where the Cathedral and several churches are dedicated to his honour. However, there is debate regarding the dates generally given for his life. If, as it is thought, he was a disciple of SS. Comgall and Kenneth then his birth must have been after A.D. 550. However, Butler, and Dempster insist that he flourished in the tenth or eleventh century, perhaps confusing St. Kenneth with King Kenneth († circa A.D. 1000). The Bollandists reject the theory that St. Blane studied under of SS. Comgall and Kenneth. This leads to the contemporary hypothesis that there were two different St. Blanes, one who lived in the sixth century A.D., and a second who lived in the eleventh century A.D.
DEUSDEDIT, (Sixth Century), a poor shoemaker in Rome. According to St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September), who was a contemporary, each Saturday, St. Deusdedit gave away to the poor all that he had earned during the week beyond the minimum necessary for basic sustenance.
Troparion of St. Geraint — Tone VIII
Thou wast a Confessor for the Faith, a friend and father of saints
and a wise and pious king, O holy Geraint.
Even in the Age of Saints thy virtues shone forth, O righteous one,
and as thou wast a shining beacon guiding thy subjects in Devon into the way of salvation,
intercede we beseech thee, with Christ our God,
for those who call upon thee, that He will save their souls.
GERONTIUS (GERAINT), (Sixth Century), St. Gerontius was a King of Dumnonia (present-day Devon England) who fell in battle against the pagan Saxons (circa A.D. 508). Numerous romantic legends evolved about his life and that of his wife, Enid, all of doubtful veracity. The first known mention of him is in the 12th century Exeter Martyrology, which refers to a King Gerontius, though not as a saint. An Exeter Litany attributed to Bishop Leofric of Exeter (+c. A.D. 1072) mentions a St. Gerontius. Another Gerontius, a King of Cornwall who reposed A.D. 596, is listed as a saint in some works, though without a feast date, and may be the same person. A modern Bollandist has speculated that the first Gerontius was a local saint who was elevated to the status of king in the writings of later hagiographers.
LAURENCE of ROME, the holy, glorious, and right-victorious Archdeacon and Martyr St. Laurence was an archdeacon of the Church of Rome as well as a companion of Pope Martyr Sixtus II (6th August), both of whom were martyred under persecution by the Emperor Valerian (A.D. 258). Little is known about St. Laurence’s life. According to legend he was a native of Northern Spain, and possible accompanied Pope Martyr Sixtus to Rome when he was elevated to Bishop of that See. The Basilica of San Lorenzo in Panisperna was built over the place of his martyrdom.
Troparion of Martyr and Archdeacon Laurence of Rome — Tone IV
Victorious martyr of Christ our God,
by the sign of the Cross you gave sight to the blind;
you distributed the riches of the Church to the poor;
you were tried by fire and no evil was found in you.
As you endured the burning,
may your prayers extinguish the flames of our many sins,
blessed Archdeacon Lawrence!
Kontakion of Martyr and Archdeacon Laurence of Rome — Tone II
Your heart burned with divine fire
as the flames of the passions died within you
God-bearing martyr Lawrence, the pillar of those who struggle,
you cried out in the midst of your contest:
“Nothing can separate me from the love of Christ.”
MARTYRS of ROME, one hundred and sixty-five Christian soldiers martyred in Rome in the persecutions during the reign of Aurelian A.D. 274.
THIENTO (THIENTE) and COMPANIONS, an Abbot of Kloster Wessobrunn near Weilheim in Bavaria, who was martyred, along with six of his monks, by invading Magyars of Hungary, A.D. 955.