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Pre-Schism Orthodox Western Saints*

25th September

Icon of the Orthodox Saints of the British Isles

  • ANACHARIUS (AUNACHARIUS, AUNACHAIRE, AUNAIRE), Born near Orléans, he was educated at the court of King Guntram of Burgundy, and consecrated Bishop of Auxerre in A.D. 561. St. Anacharius reposed A.D. 604.

  • AURELIA AND NEOMISIA, (Date Unknown), Natives of Asia who visited Palestine and Rome. They met with violence from the pagans in Capua, but were able to escape during a thunderstorm, taking shelter in Macerata near Anagni, where they reposed.

  • BARR (FINBAR, BARROCUS), (Sixth Century), St. Barr was born in Connaught in Ireland and after completing his studies and receiving monastic tonsure, he is said to have returned to his home where his lived on a small island. He is believed to have founded several small churches in the surrounding area. The culmination of his life’s work was the founding of a monastic school at Lough Eire, which became the foundation of the city of Cork where he served as first Bishop. St. Barr reposed at Cloyne, Co. Cork, after serving as Bishop of Cork for sixteen years, though the exact dates of his life are not known.

  • CAIAN, there is little more to support the existence of St. Caian than the presence of a church dedicated to him at Tregaian in Anglesey dating from the fourteenth century. The name Tregaian is Welsh for “Caian’s settlement”. We are unsure as to the time St. Caian might have lived as some sources place him in the sixth century, whilst others, which are the most credible, claim St. Caian lived in the fifth century, and was either a son or grandson of the great Welsh king St. Brychan of Brycheiniog (6th April).

  • CEOLFRID (GEOFFREY), a native of Northumbria, St. Ceolfrid received monastic tonsure at Gilling in Yorkshire, England. He spent some time at Ripon before settling at Wearmouth-Jarrow where he succeeded St. Benedict Biscop (12th January) as Abbot of that great monastic centre. St. Ceolfrid is remembered as the teacher of St. Bede the Venerable (25th May), and for producing the Codex Amiatinus, the oldest surviving one-volume copy of St. Jerome’s (30th September) Vulgate. St. Ceolfrid reposed at Langres in France (A.D. 716) whilst on a pilgrimage to Rome. His relics were later translated to Wearmouth-Jarrow where they were enshrined.

  • EGELRED, St. Egelred was a monk at Crowland Abbey in Lincolnshire, England, and is numbered amongst the countless brethren martyred during the sack of the Abbey by the heathen Danes in A.D. 870.

  • ERMENFRIDUS, a monk at Luxeuil and founder of the monastery of Cusance. St. Ermenfridus reposed circa A.D. 670.

  • FIRMINUS OF AMIENS, (Fourth Century), a native of Pampeluna in Navarre who was converted by St. Saturninus (29th November), Bishop of Toulouse, and later served as the first Bishop of Amiens.

  • FYMBERT, (Seventh Century), a bishop in the west of Scotland, St. Fymbert is said to have been consecrated by Pope St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September). There is no further information on his life extant.

  • HERCULANUS, (Seventh Century), a soldier martyred in Rome.

  • LUPUS OF LYONS, a monk at a monastery near Lyons who became Archbishop there. St. Lupus suffered much in the troubles following the death of St. Sigismund (1st May), King of Burgundy. He reposed A.D. 542.

  • MEWROG, (Date Unknown), St. Mewrog was a Welsh saint, the details of whose life have not survived.

  • PRINCIPIUS, The elder brother of St. Remigius of Rheims (1st October), and Bishop of Soissons. St. Principius reposed circa A.D. 505.

  • SOLEMNIS (SOLEINE), the Bishop of Chartres from circa A.D. 490 until his repose circa A.D. 511.

By: Dr. John Hutchison-HallGoogle+

* - Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox, and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said "The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies."

A note on dates: The dates are according to the Church calendar.  If the reader uses the Revised Julian or “New” Calendar then the dates will coincide with the civil date.  For those readers who follow the traditional Julian or “Old” Calendar, the dates are thirteen days behind the civil calendar i.e. the listing for 1st January corresponds to 14th January civil date.